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How to find out if your PC is compatible with Linux

Linux’s hardware support is better than ever, but you still can’t take it for granted. Not every laptop and desktop you see at your local computer store (or, more realistically, on Amazon) will work perfectly with Linux. Whether you’re buying a PC for Linux or just want to ensure you can dual-boot at some point in the future, thinking about this ahead of time will pay off.

Give Linux a spin if you already have the hardware

If you already have the PC available to you, you probably shouldn’t spend much time researching how compatible it is with Linux. Instead, just give Linux a test run on that PC and see for yourself.

ubuntudisplaced3 primary new crop

Live CDs or flash drives are a great way to quickly determine whether or not a Linux distro will run on your PC.

This is quick, easy, and safe. You can download a Linux ISO in a few minutes, flash it to a USB drive, reboot your computer, and boot into a live Linux environment running off the USB drive. If it doesn’t work well enough, you can just reboot your computer, go straight back into Windows, and forget about Linux on that hardware.

Closed-source graphics and Wi-Fi drivers may sometimes be necessary, and may not be running out of the box. If you don’t have 3D graphics support, that’s normal. If Wi-Fi doesn’t work automatically, it may do so after you install Linux on your PC and install the appropriate Wi-Fi support.

Check hardware compatibility databases

There’s a lot of information out there about whether specific computers are compatible with Linux. Much of this is in dedicated hardware compatibility databases. Canonical provides a Ubuntu desktop certified hardware database that lists hardware guaranteed to work with Ubuntu, for example. If you’re looking for a list of individual components instead of full laptop and desktop PCs, try the Ubuntu component catalog . These aren’t exhaustive lists—in fact, they’re very minimal lists of only hardware manufacturers have gone out of their way to certify.

geforce gtx 980 ti stylized 4

A simple Google search like “GeForce GTX 980 Ti Linux support” can often let you know if specific PC components work with Linux.

Linux-Drivers lists a wider variety of individual databases. For example, many Linux distributions provide their own hardware compatibility database websites, including  openSUSE , Debian , and Linux Mint .

You could also just perform a web search for a model number of laptop—or a specific hardware component, if you’re building your own PC—and “Linux support” to see how well it works on Linux. A simple web search can often pull up a wealth of information.

Want to stay up to date on Linux, BSD, Chrome OS, and the rest of the World Beyond Windows? Bookmark the  World Beyond Windows column page  or follow  our RSS feed .

Just buy a PC designed for Linux

But let’s back up. You don’t need to dig through hardware compatibility databases to buy a PC you know will be compatible with Linux anymore. Many PC manufacturers offer laptops and desktops with Linux preinstalled. This means that those PCs are guaranteed to work properly with Linux. You can often even save some money when buying these—a Windows license isn’t included, so you’re avoiding the “Microsoft tax” you usually have to pay when buying a PC for Linux.


Dell’s slick, powerful XPS 13 is one of the best laptops available today, and you can get it with Linux preinstalled. 

Dell offers a line of Linux PCs, from affordable sub-$300 Inspiron laptops all the way up to the XPS 13 ultrabook and Precision M3800 MacBook Pro-competitor . Dell’s Linux laptops are nothing to sneeze at, either; the XPS 13 is one of the best lightweight laptops you can buy .

System76 is well-known in the Ubuntu community and sells a variety of laptops and desktop PCs with Ubuntu pre-installed. (The laptop at the top of this page comes from System76.)  ZaReason offers a similar line of Linux PCs with a choice of Linux distribution—or none at all. Linux Mint is partnering with a hardware manufacturer to sell a “MintBox Mini” PC . You can install your favorite Linux distribution afterwards, of course.

LinuxPreloaded.com provides a more comprehensive list of other manufacturers offering Linux PCs and where they ship to around the world. In the past, Linux geeks could only dream of having so many options.

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sudo chop —

A brief tour of the steam deck’s linux implementation, until further notice, use deck's built-in kde desktop to unlock system's full potential..

Sam Machkovech - Feb 25, 2022 6:00 pm UTC

Linux on a Steam Deck! Let's dive in.

Our Steam Deck review is now live , and it's massive—almost as big as Valve's new portable PC. With that in mind, I decided to write a shorter article about the Steam Deck's implementation of Linux since a lot of Ars Technica readers are interested in that use case.

Our full review goes into greater detail about installing and playing Windows games through Valve's customized Wine compatibility layer, dubbed Steam Proton . This is the default way to access your favorite Steam games, and as our review explores, that proposition is currently iffy. But that's not the same as using the Deck as a Linux machine. In this companion article, we'll explain what's going on with Valve's first dedicated Linux PC and what it currently can (and cannot) do.

Donating some Plasma knowledge

As Ars Technica reported last year , the Steam Deck runs on a customized fork of Arch Linux. SteamOS is basically a GUI wrapper that runs on top of Arch Linux, and visually, it splits the difference between Steam's "Big Picture Mode" and the controller-friendly menus of the Nintendo Switch. If you want to use the Deck primarily as a gaming machine, with access to common Steam features like friends lists, notifications, achievements, and forums, SteamOS delivers. Many of its pages work natively with the Steam Deck's buttons and joysticks, but some run inside a web browser and can only be manipulated by swiping and tapping the Deck's screen.

You can "switch to desktop" at any time to use the Deck more like a standard computer running Linux. This option, found in the Deck's "power" menu, closes the SteamOS GUI and opens KDE Plasma, a popular Linux desktop interface. If you're unfamiliar with Linux, consider this a baby step into the world of open source operating systems. It largely resembles Windows, complete with a bottom-left button that brings up a Start-like selection of shortcuts, and it comes with Plasma's crucial "Discover" app.

If you dislike Arch Linux or KDE Plasma for any reason, you can grab your preferred Linux distro and install it on another partition. (The same goes for Windows, which I briefly mention in the full review.) But while running another OS, you'll lose all of the Steam Deck's native support for its built-in controls and hardware-specific optimizations. Still, Steam Proton as an initiative works across the Linux ecosystem, so installing a different distro won't leave you entirely in the dark.

Your quickest path to customizing the Steam Deck's KDE Plasma interface is to search the online Discover database for self-contained installation packages called "flatpaks." Chances are good that if a flatpak exists for a native Linux-compatible app, it will not only appear in Discover but also be available as a one-click install on the Deck's internal storage. Descriptions and public reviews appear alongside each Discover search entry.

If you'd rather use standard Linux command line functions to find and install software, that's also an option by default... so long as the installs in question are only done with flatpaks.

Decked out in armor

The Steam Deck's flavor of Arch Linux is covered in armor, meaning that a significant portion of the Deck's internal storage is set to read-only mode. Valve engineer Lawrence Yang said this has been done to save users from "getting your Steam Deck into a bad state or compromising your data," and he warned that any installations inside the Steam Deck's read-only image can be wiped out with any SteamOS system update. During my review period, these updates came on a near-daily basis, and based on my findings, I believe Valve has more of them in store in the short term.

Those who don't mind disregarding Valve's warnings, the company said, can write onto the read-only image by entering the following into the Steam Deck's command line:

sudo steamos-readonly disable

In offering these instructions, Yang was very clear: "Don't do this unless you know what you are doing." But once this step is taken, the Steam Deck will accept your every pacman and sudo command.

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Channel ars technica.

The easy-to-use, integrated, glanceable, and open web-based interface for your servers

Introducing Cockpit

Cockpit is a web-based graphical interface for servers, intended for everyone, especially those who are:

  • new to Linux (including Windows admins)
  • familiar with Linux and want an easy, graphical way to administer servers
  • expert admins who mainly use other tools but want an overview on individual systems

Thanks to Cockpit intentionally using system APIs and commands, a whole team of admins can manage a system in the way they prefer, including the command line and utilities right alongside Cockpit.

Take a look

A picture is worth a thousand words. Click a thumbnail to see screenshots of Cockpit in action.

Cockpit's log in prompt (on Fedora 34)

Simple to use

Cockpit makes Linux discoverable. You don’t have to remember commands at a command-line.

See your server in a web browser and perform system tasks with a mouse. It’s easy to start containers, administer storage, configure networks, and inspect logs. Basically, you can think of Cockpit like a graphical “desktop interface”, but for individual servers.

Compatible with your existing workflows

Have a favorite app or command line tool that you use on your servers? Keep using the command line, Ansible, and your other favorite tools and add Cockpit to the mix with no issues.

Cockpit uses the same system tooling you would use from the command line. You can switch back and forth between Cockpit and whatever else you like. Cockpit even has a built-in terminal, which is useful when you connect from a non-Linux device.

Cockpit uses APIs that already exist on the system. It doesn’t reinvent subsystems or add a layer of its own tooling.

By default, Cockpit uses your system’s normal user logins and privileges . Network-wide logins are also supported through single-sign-on and other authentication techniques.

Cockpit itself doesn’t eat resources or even run in the background when you’re not using it. It runs on demand, thanks to systemd socket activation.

Cockpit also supports a large list of optional and third-party applications .

Using Cockpit

Here’s a subset of tasks you can perform on each host running Cockpit:

  • Inspect and change network settings
  • Configure a firewall
  • Manage storage (including RAID and LUKS partitions)
  • Create and manage virtual machines
  • Download and run containers
  • Browse and search system logs
  • Inspect a system’s hardware
  • Upgrade software
  • Keep tabs on performance
  • Manage user accounts
  • Inspect and interact with systemd-based services
  • Use a terminal on a remote server in your local web browser
  • Switch between multiple Cockpit servers
  • Extend Cockpit’s functionality by installing a growing list of apps and add-ons
  • Write your own custom modules to make Cockpit do anything you want

Also troubleshoot and fix pesky problems with ease:

  • Diagnose network issues
  • Spot and react to misbehaving virtual machines
  • Examine SELinux logs and fix common violations in a click
  • Inspect detailed metrics that correlate CPU load, memory usage, network activity, and storage performance with the system’s journal

More features appear in Cockpit every release.

Designed & tested

Cockpit’s design keeps your goals in mind. We test Cockpit with usability studies to make it work the way you’d expect and adjust accordingly. As a result, Cockpit gets easier to use all the time.

All code changes have tests which must pass before merging, to ensure stability.

Free & free

Cockpit is free to use and available under the GNU LGPL .

Cockpit works (nearly) everywhere

You can install Cockpit on the major distributions, including:

Once Cockpit is up and running, you can access systems from all major web browsers on any operating system (including Windows, MacOS, and Android).

Release schedule

Cockpit has a time-based release cadence, with new versions appearing every two weeks.

Get started

After installing and enabling Cockpit , visit port 9090 on your server (for example: https://localhost:9090/ in a browser on the same machine as Cockpit).

How-To Geek

Ubuntu cinnamon makes switching from windows to linux easy, here's how.

Make your Windows to Linux transition as smooth as possible with Ubuntu Cinnamon.

Quick Links

Why switch to ubuntu cinnamon, making the switch to ubuntu cinnamon, installing software on ubuntu cinnamon, ubuntu cinnamon vs. linux mint, key takeaways.

  • Ubuntu Cinnamon provides a familiar desktop interface similar to Windows, making it easy for you to switch from Windows to Linux.
  • Ubuntu Cinnamon is based on Ubuntu with a stable design. It uses Snap to manage packages and comes with various free and open-source software, including LibreOffice, Firefox, Thunderbird, and others.
  • Ubuntu Cinnamon and Linux Mint are very similar to each other, with the only differences being the pre-installed software, theming, and the package management system.

If you're looking for a Linux distro that looks very similar to Windows, then check out Ubuntu Cinnamon. Ubuntu Cinnamon provides a reliable, customizable, and relatively secure interface that makes switching from Windows easier, smoother, and more enjoyable.

I've been using Windows for a while, and I've got to say, its layout just works. It's easy to access your go-to programs—just click an icon on the taskbar or desktop, or press the Windows key to pop open the Start menu.

Need to get to a folder a lot? Just drop a shortcut on the desktop. It's all straightforward and ready to use. So if you're familiar with this interface and want to switch to Linux, Ubuntu Cinnamon is worth exploring.

Ubuntu Cinnamon is a game-changer. It's built on the rock-solid foundation of Ubuntu, one of the most common Linux distros. Cinnamon is known for its modern, user-friendly, and highly customizable interface, which is easily adjustable to your preferences. It provides a complete desktop experience.

You can easily adjust the look of your desktop, rearrange panels, and resize icons. Installing and activating new themes is simple, and enables you to customize the appearance as you like.

You can also add Cinnamon Spices to your desktop for an even more personalized touch. These include applets, desklets, extensions, and more themes that enhance both functionality and visual appeal. To explore and download these enhancements, simply visit the official Cinnamon Spices website.

The menu button in Ubuntu Cinnamon is also located in the bottom-left corner, which organizes all features for convenient navigation. Cinnamon also comes with various widely used software and native Linux games. Additionally, you can run most of your Windows-native games through Proton and Wine .

Besides, the system offers window-snapping functionality that allows you to divide your screen into vertical or horizontal sections, or even quarters, making it easier to work with several applications simultaneously.

In the realm of AI, there's a feature called Recall for Windows that takes continuous snapshots of your screen to help you recall what you've done on your computer. Although this feature is designed with privacy in mind, it has raised privacy concerns among users. Due to these concerns, many people are now interested in switching to Linux .

It's important to keep in mind that no operating system is entirely safe from security and privacy risks, be it either Linux or Windows. The security of your computer also relies on how you use and configure it.

Another significant advantage of Ubuntu Cinnamon is its stability. Canonical, the company behind Ubuntu, ensures the operating system is reliable by providing timely security updates and driver enhancements. Furthermore, Cinnamon’s design is stable, with minimal changes over time, so even after a decade, the interface will feel familiar, albeit with updated visuals.

Switching to Ubuntu Cinnamon is more straightforward than you might think. First, download the Ubuntu Cinnamon ISO file from the official website. Next, use a tool like Rufus or Etcher to set up a bootable USB drive .

After that, reboot your system and navigate to the BIOS to choose the USB drive as the first boot device. Next, save the modified settings and exit the BIOS. Your system will boot from the USB drive, bringing up the Ubuntu Cinnamon installation menu. You can complete the installation by following the prompts on the screen.

You can also try Ubuntu Cinnamon without installing it by selecting the "Try Ubuntu Cinnamon" option from the boot menu. This lets you explore the operating system directly from the USB drive before committing to a full installation. Additionally, you can dual-boot Windows and Ubuntu Cinnamon if you prefer to keep both.

The extensive software repository in Ubuntu Cinnamon includes thousands of applications, from productivity tools to games. Ubuntu Cinnamon provides GNOME Software as its app store and Snap as an alternative package management system. You can use the Synaptic package manager to view all available packages in your repository.

Ubuntu Cinnamon offers a vast range of free and open-source software. It also comes with excellent open-source alternatives for popular Windows programs, such as Firefox for browsing, LibreOffice for documents, and GIMP for photo editing. Additionally, if you need a specific Windows program, you can use emulators or compatibility layers like Wine to run it on Ubuntu Cinnamon.

Ubuntu Cinnamon is a great alternative for those who prefer not to use GNOME extensions . However, it includes most GNOME apps found in a standard Ubuntu installation. You can also install additional apps easily through the same app store. Cinnamon's interface is similar to GNOME with extensions but more resource-efficient, providing a faster experience, even on high-end hardware.

Ubuntu Cinnamon enhances the classic Ubuntu experience with its unique features. Although the Cinnamon desktop interface originally came from Linux Mint , Ubuntu Cinnamon adds its own twist with the stylish Yaru theme. Unlike Linux Mint, Ubuntu Cinnamon includes snap packages by default, providing seamless integration of these convenient software bundles right from the start.

On the other hand, Linux Mint provides a polished and smooth user experience with its own apps and utilities, like the helpful welcome screen and its native software center. Linux Mint's Software Manager relies on Flatpak for package management.

When comparing boot times, Linux Mint consistently boots faster than Ubuntu Cinnamon. Both use the same Cinnamon version 6.0.

One key difference is the number of pre-installed software applications. Linux Mint includes additional apps like Warpinator, Redshift, and Hypnotic, which are not found in Ubuntu Cinnamon. However, Ubuntu Cinnamon includes additional graphics tools like ImageMagick and games.

If you like to stay closer to the Ubuntu ecosystem with a flavor that’s officially part of the Ubuntu family, then Ubuntu Cinnamon could be your choice. However, if you prefer a traditional setup with a bigger community, Linux Mint is likely to be the better option.

Ultimately, the decision to choose from these Linux distros ultimately comes down to your preference—I prefer Ubuntu Cinnamon.

  • Navigational Changes
  • Style Guide
  • firewalld for Beginners
  • firewalld from iptables
  • Generating SSL Keys
  • Generating SSL Keys - Let's Encrypt
  • Patching with dnf-automatic
  • PAM authentication modules
  • Rootkit Hunter
  • SELinux Security
  • SSH Public and Private Key
  • Tailscale VPN
  • Enabling `iptables` Firewall
  • Apache Multiple Site
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  • Apache With 'mod_ssl'
  • Nginx Multisite
  • PHP and PHP-FPM
  • Tor Onion Service
  • dnf - swap command
  • Simple Gemstone template
  • htop - Process Management
  • https - RSA Key Generation
  • Markdown Demo
  • perl - Search and Replace
  • rpaste - Pastebin Tool
  • sed - Search and Replace
  • Setup Local Rocky Repositories
  • bash - String Color
  • Systemd Service - Python Script
  • torsocks - Route Traffic Via Tor/SOCKS5
  • Rocky Linux

Introduction ¶

Since the release of Rocky Linux 9, some installations on x86-64 platforms have failed with a kernel panic. In most cases, this is due to the CPU's incompatibility with Rocky Linux 9. This procedure will verify CPU compatibility before installation.

Testing ¶

Obtain a boot image of Rocky Linux 8, Fedora, or others.

Boot this live image on the machine where you want the installation of Rocky Linux 9 to be.

After the boot completes, open a terminal window and run this procedure:

You should receive output similar to this:

This output indicates the minimum required x86-64 version (v2). Installation can continue in this case. If "(supported, searched)" is missing next to the "x86-64-v2" entry, then your CPU is not compatible with Rocky Linux 9.x. If the test shows that your installation can continue and it also shows x86-64-v3 and x86-64-v4 as "(supported, searched)", your CPU is well supported for 9.x and future versions.

Author: Steven Spencer

Contributors: Louis Abel, Ganna Zhyrnova

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The Best Linux Desktops for a Touchscreen Monitor

Miguel Leiva-Gomez

The concept of using Linux on a touchscreen monitor or two-in-one computer has come a long way. Touchscreen support is now built in to the Linux kernel, so theoretically, any Linux distribution should be able to run with a touchscreen. That said, not every distribution will be easy to use on a touchscreen, and this comes down to the desktop environment each one works best with. You may have to choose the best Linux distros for a touchscreen that use the optimal desktop out of the box.

For example, using a tiling window manager like Awesome or i3 isn’t going to do you much good on a touchscreen without some heavy tweaking. Choose the right desktop environment , and you’ll have a much better time using Linux on this type of hardware.

2. KDE Plasma

3. cinnamon, 4. deepin de, frequently asked questions.

Also read: How to Choose a Linux Distro Without Trying All of Them

As one of the most popular desktops available for Linux, it shouldn’t come as a surprise that GNOME works well with a touchscreen. Since version 3.14, the desktop introduced support for touchscreen gestures, which lets you get even more done with your touchscreen monitor.

GNOME 40’s release in late 2021 further integrated the ability to switch between workspaces and access the application overview with touch gestures out of the box.

Touchdesktop Gnome

That’s not the only thing that makes GNOME so touch-friendly. It also has large icons that are easy to tap, and the way things are laid out works very well as a primarily touch-based interface. Not everything is perfect, but if you’re looking to use a familiar desktop with your touchscreen, this is a great option.

Some of the best Linux distros for a touchscreen that already use GNOME without extra tweaks include:

  • Fedora (one of the best for GNOME)
  • CentOS (slightly slower on updates)
  • Manjaro (Arch-based, but more user-friendly)

KDE Plasma is the latest version of the venerable KDE desktop. Like GNOME, the QT-powered KDE has been around for a very long time, so you’ll find users who are as loyal to this desktop as they are to anything else.

Best Linux Desktops For Touchscreens Kde Plasma

The most recent versions of KDE support Wayland , which makes using a touchscreen monitor much easier than using the aging X11 system. They work on Plasma Mobile, which is meant to run on touch-only devices. Touchscreen support in KDE Plasma has improved over a very short time.

The release of KDE Plasma 5.25 took care of a significant number of responsiveness and performance issues and even introduced 3- and 4-finger gestures that let you switch between active desktops, open all present windows, and open the activities overview.

If you prefer Linux distros for a touchscreen that have KDE Plasma built in, try:

  • Kubuntu (Ubuntu-based distro with KDE included)
  • Fedora KDE (updated less frequently)

Also read: How to Use Your Smartphone as a Second Monitor for Your Linux Desktop

If you’re coming from Windows 10, you may find the Cinnamon desktop pleasing, as it’s a similar layout. It doesn’t look exactly the same, which you may consider a good thing, but most of the main elements are in roughly the same place.

Best Linux Desktops For Touchscreens Cinnamon

Cinnamon has also dramatically improved its touchscreen support in recent releases. It may not be as snappy as GNOME, and it doesn’t work as smoothly as Windows, but it’s still a desktop worth trying out.

If you’d prefer a Linux distro with Cinnamon already setup, try:

  • Fedora Cinnamon
  • Feren OS (infrequent updates)

Another desktop powered by QT, the Deepin Desktop Environment , ships with the Deepin Linux distribution. People praise Deepin for its ease of use and its sleek, friendly look, and both of these factors stem from the desktop’s design philosophy.

Best Linux Desktops For Touchscreens Deepin De

Since the release of Deepin 15.9, the desktop has included touchscreen gestures. These greatly improve the usability of the desktop, making it much easier to recommend for a touchscreen monitor. The easiest way to use this desktop is in the Deepin distribution, but it is also available for other distros like Arch .

Budgie is another desktop environment developed for a specific Linux distro. In this case, it is the default desktop for the Solus Linux distribution . You won’t find any fancy touchscreen gestures available yet, but you do get basic scrolling and tap-to-click.

Best Linux Desktops For Touchscreens Budgie

Fortunately, if you want to use Budgie for its eye-catching look but also want gestures, there’s a way to do it. There’s a project by the name of Touchegg that can add Mac-style gestures to any desktop. Even better, we have a guide to installing and using Touchegg .

Can I use a different desktop environment than the one my distro comes with?

In most instances, you don’t have to shoehorn your user experience into a distro that’s less than optimal for you. As long as it supports touch gestures ( hid-multitouch module) in the kernel (most distros today do that), you can get a pretty seamless touch-enabled experience on any compatible environment.

Because of the risk of crossover between multiple installed desktop environments’ applications potentially causing problems with some touch functionality, the most ideal scenario would be to install a distro that comes out of the box with your preferred desktop environment. Though it’s generally straightforward to tweak your way out of potential issues, it’s more frustrating to do so with a touch screen and on-screen keyboard. Keep this bit of advice in mind when making your choice.

Is there anything else I should do to prepare for touch on Linux?

If you want to use gestures, you just have to make sure that you are using your desktop environment on Wayland and not X11. In your display manager, as you are logging into your system, you should have a way to select your desktop environment. Just make sure you select the option with “Wayland” on it.

If you don’t have such an option, your desktop environment might not work with Wayland. This is an issue with many of the smaller desktop environments and installing Touchegg will add some gesture functionality to X11.

What's the best "out of the box" experience for touchscreens in Linux?

If you’re looking for that “mobile feel” with large icons for even the fattest of fingers, anything that uses GNOME as a base is going to have you covered. Fedora and Ubuntu both have great software managers and include much of the software you need for a full user experience.

Image credit: Wikimedia Commons/Lukys

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Miguel Leiva-Gomez

Miguel has been a business growth and technology expert for more than a decade and has written software for even longer. From his little castle in Romania, he presents cold and analytical perspectives to things that affect the tech world.

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Scott Gilbertson

The 5 Best Laptops for Linux (I Install It on Every Laptop I Test)

If you buy something using links in our stories, we may earn a commission. This helps support our journalism. Learn more . Please also consider subscribing to WIRED

Linux will work on just about any PC. I mean that literally. Remember the Intel Pentium 4 processor? It came out in 2000, and it's still supported by Debian Linux. That said, Linux runs better on some laptops than others. It didn't used to be the case, but these days quite a few big-name PC makers offer official support for Linux, meaning you have somewhere to turn if things go awry.

To help you figure out the best Linux laptop for your perfect rig, I've installed (or tried to install) Linux on every laptop I've tested since 2020. Almost all of them worked great, but some were easier to get running than others. More than a few of my favorites come with Linux right out of the box. My picks are below.

If you're in the market for a laptop, be sure to check out our other buying guides, like the Best Laptops , Best Cheap Laptops , Best MacBooks , and How to Choose the Right Laptop .

Updated February 2024: We've added Tuxedo's InfinityBook Pro, some notes on the new Dell XPS laptops, and updated prices and links throughout.

  • Best for Most People : System76 Lemur Pro
  • Best MacBook Replacement: Tuxedo InfinityBook Pro 14
  • Best for the Minimalist : Dell XPS 13 Developer Edition
  • Best If You Want a Bunch of Ports : System76's Pangolin
  • Most Repairable : Framework Laptop 13
  • Best for Gaming or Video Editing: System 76 Oryx Pro
  • Best for Hackers : Lenovo X1 Carbon
  • If Your Budget Is Tight
  • What to Look for in a Linux Laptop

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System76 Lemur Pro Laptop

Photograph: System76

System76's Lemur Pro ( 9/10, WIRED Recommends ) is my favorite Linux laptop. It strikes the best balance between size, weight, power, and price. At 12 inches wide and 2.5 pounds (1.2 kilograms), it's plenty portable, and the base model packs an Intel i5 1335U processor with 8 GB of RAM, plus a 250-GB SSD. You can configure the Lemur Pro with an i7 chip if you want more power, as well as up to 8 TB of storage and 40 GB of RAM. The port selection is good, with two USB 3.2 Type-C ports, 1 Thunderbolt 4 port, a 3.5-mm headphone/microphone combo jack, a MicroSD card reader, and HDMI 2.0. Battery life is also fantastic, lasting all day in most use cases, and the keyboard, while not my favorite, is pleasant enough to type on.

As with all System76 laptops, it ships with the company's Pop!_OS linux distribution preinstalled (you can also opt for Ubuntu, but I highly suggest trying Pop!_OS). The Pop!_OS desktop is based on Gnome, but unlike the stock version, Pop!_OS is very customizable and can be tweaked to your liking. Pop!_OS is, aside from Arch Linux, my favorite distro.

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Lemur Pro is not the best for graphics-intensive tasks like gaming or video editing (see below for some more powerful rigs with dedicated graphics cards), but for everything else, this is one of the nicest laptops you can get.

Tuxedo InfinityBook Pro 14

Photograph: Tuxedo

Tuxedo's InfinityBook Pro 14 ( 9/10, WIRED Recommends ) is a svelte, lightweight laptop that's dedicated to the open source world. Tuxedo is based in Germany (which is why the price is in euros), and like System76, it has a long history of providing excellent support for Linux. The InfinityBook Pro is Tuxedo's lightweight, everyday laptop, with an Intel i7 chip, support for up to 64 GB of RAM, and up to 4 TB of SSD storage. There's also an option to add dedicated graphics in the form of an Nvidia GeForce RTX 3050 card.

The highlight of the InfinityBook to me is the gorgeous 2,880 x 1,800-pixel-resolution screen that's matte (anti-glare). At 400 nits it's plenty bright enough to work anywhere. In my testing, the InfinityBook Pro had plenty of power for most tasks and performed well for editing high-res video thanks to its dual-fan cooling design. The battery life is solid, lasting all day, and the custom tools for fine-tuning the power settings are the best I've used. Tuxedo's custom OS (based on Ubuntu) is a great Linux experience, and the website offers extensive documentation and help for new users.

Dell XPS 13 Dev Edition laptop

Photograph: Dell

Dell's XPS 13 Developer Edition was one of the first big-name laptops to ship with Linux, and it remains the lightest, smallest laptop with Linux installed. This configuration sports a 13th-Generation Intel i7-1360P processor, 16 GB of RAM (soldered), and a 512-GB SSD. It ships with Ubuntu Linux 22.04, but in my testing, it will happily run any distro, from Fedora to Arch (Dell support applies only to Ubuntu, though). When you're on the product page, make sure you choose Ubuntu Linux 22.04 LTS as your operating system (it defaults to Windows).

For more details on the hardware, see our review of the Windows version ( 6/10, WIRED Review ). While performance was poor with Windows, it ran well with Ubuntu. The main drawback to this machine is its lack of ports. There are two USB-C ports, one of which is your charging port. There isn't even a headphone jack. Dell recently added the XPS 14 and XPS 16 to the XPS line, but so far there's been no word on whether either will have a Linux version.

 System76 Pangolin laptop

If the Dell's lack of ports leaves you wanting, this is the laptop for you. System76's Pangolin ( 8/10, WIRED Recommends ) is a 15-inch, AMD-powered monster of a laptop with every port a sysadmin could hope for. This config ships with an AMD Ryzen 7 6800U, 32 GB of RAM (soldered), and a 250-GB SSD. You can configure the Pangolin with up to 8 TB of storage.

The battery life is good for the size—it lasts all day in most use cases—but it's not as good as the Dell. The keyboard, on the other hand, is fantastic and a real pleasure to type on. The one downside is the number pad, which forces the trackpad off-center.

Here's a list of its ports: Gigabit Ethernet, HDMI 2.0, a single USB 3.2 Gen 2 Type-C port (with DisplayPort support, but not Thunderbolt), three USB-A ports, a 3.5-mm headphone/microphone combo jack, and a full-size SD card reader.

Framework laptop 2 open faced

Photograph: Framework

If you want a laptop you can upgrade, Framework's Laptop is the best Linux rig for you. There are a few flavors available. I tested the second release of the 13-inch model ( 8/10, WIRED Recommends ) and loved it. The Intel Core 13th-generation series chips with 32 GB of RAM, a 2-TB SSD, and whichever mix of ports suits your needs start for around $1,400. That will ship with no operating system. When it arrives you can install Linux yourself (or opt to ship it with Windows if you need to dual boot). I haven't had a chance to test it yet, but an AMD version is also available . Framework is also taking preorders for a new 16-inch model . The 16-inch model is available with an AMD Ryzen 7040 Series processor.

I tested Ubuntu, which Framework supports, and Arch Linux, and both worked great (though Framework does not officially support Arch). My only gripe about using the Framework is my gripe about almost any Linux laptop: battery life could be better.

Oryx Pro Linux laptop

The System76 Oryx Pro comes in either 15-inch or 17-inch models with 12th-generation Intel processors and Nvidia graphics (either the 3070 Ti or 3080 Ti GPU). There are options for a glossy, OLED 4K screen, up to 64 GB of RAM, and up to 8 TB of SSD space. It's not cheap, but the Oryx Pro is by far the most powerful laptop on this page. Like the Pangolin above, the Oryx ships with either System76's Pop_OS! or Ubuntu Linux. Unlike the Pangolin, the Intel chip in the Oryx Pro means it ships with Coreboot, and open source firmware.

Lenovo X1 Carbon Linux Laptop

Photograph: Lenovo

OK, it's corny, but there's something about the Lenovo X1 Carbon Linux edition that makes me want to install Kali Linux and start probing the coffee shop Wi-Fi. You may have different thoughts when you see it, but this is a slick laptop for those of us who think ThinkPads are, ahem, slick. That slickness comes at a steep price, though. It costs twice as much as some of our picks. This configuration gives you get a 13th-Gen Intel Core i7 processor, 16 GB of RAM, and a 256-GB SSD (much of this is customizable). This version is also now two releases behind the Windows X2 Carbon, but appears to still be the only X1 with Linux as an option.

I really like the nice 2K (2,880 x 1,800 pixel resolution), OLED, anti-glare screen. I have not had a chance to test this model , but I really like the previous release ( 8/10, WIRED Recommends ,) and the new version is primarily a spec bump. It's frequently on sale for around $1,300.

Lenovo X14 Gen 1 laptop

One of the beauties of Linux is that it requires fewer resources and maintains support for older hardware far longer than Windows or MacOS. That means you don't need to spend a fortune on a new laptop; you can breathe life into an old one or grab a used laptop off eBay. I have been doing this for years, working my way through Lenovo's X-series laptops (starting with an X220, now an T14 Gen 1), but old Dell and Asus laptops are also great for Linux. If you opt to buy used, have a look at our guide to buying used on eBay to make sure you get a good deal.

The specs to look for depend on what you're going to be doing. If you're editing video or gaming, you should probably stick with one of our picks above. If you just need to do typical office work, edit some photos, and watch 4K video, you can get by with a 10th generation Intel i5 or newer processor, 8 GB of RAM (the more the merrier), and an SSD large enough to store your data. If you want an AMD system, stick with a Ryzen 5 4000 series or better.

If you'd like some more help speccing out a solid Linux system, see our step-by-step guide to choosing the right laptop .

Buying a Linux laptop involves a little more research than Windows or MacOS. In addition to the specs, you need to make sure the hardware in question works with Linux. These days almost everything works pretty well with Linux, but there are some exceptions.

Expect to wrestle with Nvidia graphics cards: the company has never been supportive of Linux and probably never will be. I've always steered clear, but if you want a dedicated GPU from Nvidia, do your research. The Arch Linux Wiki is a good place to start.

Intel enjoys better Linux support than AMD, in general, though that is changing. I personally have been using Linux on AMD for over two years now and no longer have any issues (though I do have a slightly older system, which helps).

The other thing to consider is which Linux distro you're going to use. If you don't already have a favorite or don't even know what a distro is, I suggest going with Pop_OS! , by System76, a company that also makes three of the laptops in this guide. Pop_OS provides (by far) the best user experience I've seen on a Linux desktop. It strikes a great balance between being easy to use for Linux newcomers and being well-stocked with power-user features. It has great documentation and should have you up and running without any trouble. I've used it on every laptop in this guide.

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"Lunar Lake delivers a faster core performance than ARM": Intel is on track to change the way you think about AI PCs

Intel says Lunar Lake is more than just TOPS, as it balances power, thermals, and bandwidth to steadily and responsibly grow AI PCs.

Michelle Johnston Holthaus holding Lunar Lake SoC on stage for Intel

What you need to know

  • Executive team members unveiled specifics of Intel Lunar Lake mobile processors while hosting the company's third Intel Tech Tour in Taipei, Taiwan.
  • Across-the-board performance per watt improvements were demonstrated with in-house benchmark results and live demonstrations compared to previous-generation Meteor Lake devices.
  • Intel stresses that an AI advantage is not only related to Microsoft's Copilot+ and that anyone who bought a Meteor Lake PC is considered "future-proof," with further retorts to Microsoft's implied priority on Snapdragon X and ARM.

The most exciting technology shift in years is happening, and the laptop category is about to look dramatically different, thanks to Intel and its rivals. It stands alongside its major PC manufacturing competitors, gearing up to show off the latest innovations in raw computing power in its Lunar Lake chips , paired with genuinely revolutionary advancements in power efficiency made possible with locally processed AI in neural processing units (NPUs.)

Intel invited me to Taipei, Taiwan, to visit its most extensive Intel Tech Tour to date. Along with 280 other members of the press and partners, I heard from Executive Vice President and General Manager of Intel's Client Computing Group Michelle Johnston Holthaus and her peers as they laid bare the roadmap for the Lunar Lake system-on-chip (SoC) and the target to "win in performance, graphics, and AI." Comparisons to Qualcomm's Snapdragon X platform and AMD's next-gen plans are inevitable, so let's briefly dig into what I found, with deep dives to come later this week.

Intel funded travel and expenses to Taipei, Taiwan, and provided confidential information under an embargo agreement. The company did not see the contents of this article before publishing.

Lunar Lake (almost) entirely unveiled

Rob Bruckner presenting Lunar Lake client roadmap on stage for Intel

Intel provided a host of talks explaining how Lunar Lake has improved over its predecessor, Meteor Lake , which was responsible for the first batch of Intel Core Ultra mobile chips. Hailed as a "transition to the AI PC ," Intel was keen to describe Meteor Lake as having brought users a "radical new experience" with its dedicated NPU running at a peak of 11.5 TOPS . It's the metric you'll continue to see for the foreseeable future, as targeting the highest tera operations per second while maintaining power efficiency is the new performance crown for PC brands to fight for.

At Intel, we're dedicated to (bringing) as much compute capability into the PC (as possible) while also maintaining that wonderful long battery life and quiet performance. Rob Bruckner, Intel Corporate VP and CTO

Lunar Lake bumps up its NPU-specific score to an impressive 48 peak TOPS. This is beyond the requirement for running Microsoft's Copilot+ locally , and becomes part of the equation that provides the 120 total platform TOPS (PTOPS) when harnessing another 67 TOPS from the GPU with the rest provided by the rest of the compute tile. It's all about the intended use of AI computing, with batches of burst processing better suited to a new and improved Xe2 GPU while the next-gen NPU 4 handles tasks requiring faster acceleration while still offering double the efficiency compared to Meteor Lake.

Darren Crews speaks about Lunar Lake NPU 4 on stage for Intel

The primary benefit of accepting an invitation to Intel's Tech Tour is seeing the fruits of Lunar Lake's upgrades in real-time. Senior Principal Engineer and NPU Lead Architect Darren Crews showed me live demonstrations of generative AI harnessing Stable Diffusion to create images in a rapid 5 seconds, with Meteor Lake coming up behind at what now seems a meager 22 seconds. It came with plenty of deep-dive explanations that I'll get into later this week, but seeing these results happen right in front of my eyes feels like enough proof to believe that Intel is ready to fight and retain its crown as the processing king of the hill.

However, performance improvements are only half of the puzzle. Intel is committed to maintaining a solid grip on power efficiency with its upcoming wave of Lunar Lake-powered devices from OEM partners. Another live demo showed a live-streamed 4K 24 FPS YouTube video running side-by-side on a Lunar Lake reference laptop and a comparable Meteor Lake model from Lenovo , with the former pulling consistently lower wattage. When quizzed about the potential for scaling its hardware for ever-higher TOPS scores, Intel clarified that it selected and refined everything for a perfect balance of performance-per-watt.

Intel demonstrating 4K 24 FPS video streaming with power consumption compared to Meteor Lake

Despite all the fantastic promises, no Intel representative would reveal specifics to me regarding average or peak TDP when quizzed on any SoC component, so some numbers are still held secret until Lunar Lake OEM devices appear in preparation for a planned launch in the holiday buying cycle this year. Nevertheless, intricate explanations of the impressive new 'Skymont' architecture powering Lunar Lake's improved efficient cores (E-core) showed how the upgraded low-power island can handle most everyday computing tasks.

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For battery life, Lunar Lake reduces the SoC power by up to 40%. This is a major step for mobile and you WILL notice it. Arik Gihon, CPU SoC Architect Lead

That's not to discredit the next-gen 'Lion Cove' performance cores (P-core) as significant gen-on-gen improvements to single thread performance promise boosts while taking advantage of state-of-the-art power management allowed by Intel's Thread Director, alongside Intel's Foveros -powered memory on package integration offering up to 32GB of LPDDR5x DRAM directly on the SoC. Of course, better performance and improved efficiency would never come as a surprise in a new generation of mobile chips. Still, the sheer degree of breakthroughs Lunar Lake offers makes it feel like the most significant shift for Intel in a while.

Battlemage finally arrives with Xe2 GPU

Intel demonstrating F1 2024 running on Lunar Lake with XeSS

Since the Arc graphics platform made its way to laptops and desktops, I've been a big fan of Intel's GPU efforts , and I still keep an Intel Arc A750 in one of my home desktops for regular use. The in-house graphical tech launched with a somewhat rocky affair for Intel, as compatibility struggled and performance didn't fare much better. However, follow-up months have delivered significant improvements with game-specific fixes in new drivers.

Intel Arc has shaped itself into a big hitter against NVIDIA and AMD with its first-party XeSS image upscaling technology , and it's about to become even better as the long-awaited codename 'Battlemage' Xe2 engine comes to Lunar Lake mobile chips. Tom "TAP" Petersen, previously of NVIDIA, boasts that "(Intel's) graphics driver is now world-class," as he proudly revealed how the Lunar Lake SoC now supports the same AI-acceleration 'XMX' matrix engines previously found in its desktop cards.

We're doubling down on Intel Arc graphics (which are) foundational for our experiences. Rob Bruckner, Intel Corporate VP and CTO

The depths that TAP reached when intricately explaining how the new microarchitecture for Lunar Lake's media and display engines benefits a system overall were almost bottomless. Still, he didn't avoid the topic of gaming. On the contrary, his delightful talk showed much promise for the future of AAA titles, showing a yet-unreleased copy of F1 2024 running on Lunar Lake at over 60 FPS while upscaling to 1080p with XESS and ray-traced shadows enabled in-game. "When we launch, you're gonna see dramatically better game compatibility," Petersen says with a smile, and I could have watched his charismatic talks all day long.

A host of exciting tech and hands-on demos

Intel demonstrating Wi-Fi 7 streaming on Lunar Lake with Death Stranding on NVIDIA GeForce NOW

While there was an undeniable focus on the compute tile and the supercharged cores within, Lunar Lake still had plenty to show in other areas as the Intel Tech Tour opened its doors to other hands-on demos. Intel gave examples of the ultra-high-speed Internet streaming enabled by next-generation Wi-Fi 7 tech as Death Stranding gameplay was being played live from NVIDIA GeForce NOW , alongside upcoming consumer routers designed to support the new standard.

Next door, a demonstration of 'Thunderbolt Share' showed fantastic examples of connecting multiple PCs with current-gen Thunderbolt 4 or next-gen Thunderbolt 5 . Seamless file transfer and desktop sharing aren't exclusive to Lunar Lake with this tech but are an example of the continued evolution of Intel's modern chips. It was one of the fascinating Lunar Lake-adjacent booths hosted during the Intel Tech Tour during my stay in Taipei. I'll explain more throughout the week, so check back here at Windows Central to hear more soon.

Is Intel ready for Microsoft's Copilot+ PCs?

Michelle Johnston Holthaus speaks about Microsoft on stage for Intel

Despite Microsoft's apparent prioritization of Windows on ARM , Michelle Johnston Holthaus says that Lunar Lake hardware is ready for Copilot+ and will go to market in Q3 of 2024. However, Intel is waiting for Microsoft's official word on when Copilot+ will be available as a same-day download. ARM might have been first in the Copilot+ AI PC category , but Michelle firmly believes that Intel will get to market and ship more than its competitors despite acknowledging a gap between Snapdragon X and Lunar Lake.

I think we can all agree that Lunar Lake will bring unmatched global scale to Copilot(+) PCs later this year. Michelle Johnston Holthaus, Executive VP

Comparisons to ARM and Qualcomm's Snapdragon X platform were unavoidable during the Q&A portions of the Intel Tech Tour. In her opening keynote, Michelle stated, "Lunar Lake delivers a faster core performance than ARM." She followed with a not-so-subtle jab that Intel won't "cherry-pick a handful of apps that we know are compatible" to highlight Lunar Lake performance improvements, referencing the recent Snapdragon X Elite benchmarks shared by Qualcomm.

Pushed for clarification, Michelle explained that Intel primarily tested Lunar Lake against its previous-gen (Meteor Lake) hardware, accounting for the percentages and other metrics I saw during the tour. Regarding Snapdragon X Elite , Intel only compares Lunar Lake against data shared publicly by Qualcomm and will enter lab testing with Snapdragon X devices when they become commercially available.

Everything I've mentioned so far only touches on what I learned during this year's Intel Tech Tour, and I'll follow up with more insights soon, at least when my jetlagged brain returns to normal operation. Taipei is an incredible wonderland of technology, but it couldn't be further away from the United Kingdom, and I need some bland food and weak tea to recover.

Ben is the channel editor for all things tech-related at Windows Central. That includes PCs, the components inside, and any accessory you can connect to a Windows desktop or Xbox console. Not restricted to one platform, he also has a keen interest in Valve's Steam Deck handheld and the Linux-based operating system inside. Fueling this career with coffee since 2021, you can usually find him behind one screen or another. Find him on Mastodon @[email protected] to ask questions or share opinions.

  • jmurphy "significant gen-on-gen improvements to Hyper-Threading promise raw performance boosts " Are you sure about that? Every other tech site is saying there is no hyperthreading/SMT... Reply
jmurphy said: "significant gen-on-gen improvements to Hyper-Threading promise raw performance boosts " Are you sure about that? Every other tech site is saying there is no hyperthreading/SMT...
  • Jcmg62 That's great and all, but it's still x86.... Something that Microsoft seems determined to get away from, certainly at the consumer level. And understandably so. For all of Microsoft's missteps (and there have been many....so many) they at least have the foresight to know that the world has embraced Arm, and Windows will only survive if it's Arm focussed. I'm not sure where that leaves Intel, but I think they're really going to struggle if these Arm PC's take off. Reply
Jcmg62 said: That's great and all, but it's still x86.... Something that Microsoft seems determined to get away from, certainly at the consumer level. And understandably so. For all of Microsoft's missteps (and there have been many....so many) they at least have the foresight to know that the world has embraced Arm, and Windows will only survive if it's Arm focussed. I'm not sure where that leaves Intel, but I think they're really going to struggle if these Arm PC's take off.
Ben Wilson said: ...I certainly want to embrace Windows on Arm, it's been an exciting few months watching Qualcomm revive the platform, but Intel could still come out on top if the Lunar Lake laptops perform well. They wouldn't confirm any TDP metrics at all , but were open about everything else, so we'll have to wait and see. Sample units should be available "soon."
  • View All 5 Comments
  • 2 Fallout just came to one of Nintendo's best systems, and it's not the Switch
  • 3 Surface Laptop 7 vs. Samsung Galaxy Book4 Edge: Which high-end Copilot+ PC works better for you?
  • 4 Elgato's Wave Neo microphone offers big performance for such a small device with a slick white theme
  • 5 Lenovo Legion Pro 5i (Gen 9) review: A great gaming laptop, but stay close to the charger

tour compatible linux

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Compatiblity Lists

This is a free database of user-submitted compatibility information about software, games, and hardware that runs on the GNU/Linux operating system and is licensed under the LGPL (GNU Lesser General Public License) . This database's user-submitted data is supplied "as is" and without any warranties of any kind. Contribute to the compatibility lists if you can. The entries that its users submit are what sustain this list. I respectfully ask you to add to the list by adding all of your hardware and software results. By selecting either the "Submit New Product" button in the categories to add a new product or the "Submit Report" button to add a new report to an existing report, you can submit results. I'm grateful for any contribution to the list.


  • Windows 10 951 Windows 10 Beta Channel for Windows Insiders 2024-06-05 05:35 by Philipp Esselbach
  • Microsoft 11751 Windows Package Manager 1.9.1551 Preview released 2024-06-04 18:46 by Philipp Esselbach
  • Drivers 2887 NVIDIA GeForce Game Ready Driver 555.99 released 2024-06-04 18:33 by Philipp Esselbach
  • Software 42391 PHP 8.1.29 released 2024-06-05 09:06 by Philipp Esselbach
  • Drivers 2887 NVIDIA Linux x64 (AMD64/EM64T) Display Driver 550.90.07 released 2024-06-05 08:32 by Philipp Esselbach
  • Software 42391 ROCm 6.1.2 released 2024-06-05 07:26 by Philipp Esselbach
  • Apple 10169 HomePod Software 17.5 released 2024-05-14 07:14 by Philipp Esselbach
  • Apple 10169 watchOS 10.5 released 2024-05-14 07:14 by Philipp Esselbach
  • Apple 10169 tvOS 17.5 released 2024-05-14 07:14 by Philipp Esselbach

tour compatible linux

Better Linux Gaming With Steam and Proton

Play your entire Steam library on Linux

Linux Gaming With Steam

If you're at all interested in gaming on PCs, you’ve probably come across Steam, Valve ’s platform for distributing, updating and running games. Steam makes it possible to purchase a game, install it over the internet and then run it from the Steam interface. Ah, but that brings us back to the age-old Linux gaming conundrum of support, as not every PC game is designed to run on anything other than Microsoft Windows. 

That said, there are plenty of Steam games that will run on Linux, and quite often, a Windows Steam game can be convinced to run on Linux even though some ‘fettling’ by the user may be required. This approach is officially supported by Steam using a system called Proton. Getting all of these things running, and then possibly optimising the results, is what we’ll be looking at in this tutorial.

Linux Gaming With Steam

Steam itself is installed through a custom program called the Steam Installer. This makes sense, because Steam updates itself and the games you install with it, without relying on Linux’s own update systems. These days, the installer is in the official repositories of many Linux distributions such as Ubuntu and Fedora and their derivatives. As Steam is proprietary software you may have to enable a specific repository, such as ‘Multiverse’ for Ubuntu or ‘Nonfree’ on Fedora. 

To install Steam on Ubuntu open a terminal and type

If you’re running a DEB-based distribution, but you can’t find the Steam installer in the official repositories:

1. Download the the installer directly from the Steam website

2. Open a terminal .

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3. Install the downloaded file . 

The Steam application should now be available via your distros menu.

There is also another, unofficial, way of installing Steam that all Linux users might find interesting, and that is installation via the Flatpak system. This offers a few advantages of its own in terms of privacy and sandboxing, as Steam is a system unto itself once it’s on your system. Installation instructions can be found on the Flathub site.

Running Windows Games via Steam on Linux 

Linux Gaming With Steam

There are many great games that run via Steam on Linux, but what if you want to run a game that doesn’t offer a Linux version? In such cases, there is a good chance that it can be made to run using a system called Proton. 

An official part of Steam on Linux, Proton makes use of both Wine and DXVK, layers that translate Windows software and graphics calls into native Linux ones. However, there are some caveats. Firstly, compared with how the game runs natively on Windows, performance and stability might be an issue. Secondly, it does raise some ethical questions as, arguably, running the Windows version under Linux might reduce pressure on the developers to make a Linux native version of a game. 

Getting back to the first point, the best way to get answers about the viability of running a particular game is to search for it on the ProtonDB website to see what luck other Linux users had with it. The database itself is well organised and includes information about when the testing was carried out and what the specific hardware and software configuration used was. The level of success of running the game on Linux is rated from ‘Borked’ to ‘Platinum’. So, if you find a recent, highly-encouraging report about the game running well on a similar set-up to your own, the odds are good. In addition, ProtonDB reports contain information on tweaks you can use to make stubborn games run properly.

To run Windows versions of games on Linux:

1. Go to Steam > Settings > Steam Play .

2. To enable approved games select ‘Enable Steam Play for supported titles’. Or to enable all games, select ‘Enable Steam Play for other titles’. For the latter option check the game's ProtonDB entry for compatibility and issues. 

Troubleshooting and Tweaking Steam on Linux

If you look through ProtonDB, you’ll notice quite a lot of references to Winetricks . So what is it? Winetricks is a helper script that installs various Windows components that are needed by games. The script pulls through the component and makes it visible to the Wine subsystem, and it’s worth knowing about, even if you’re using Wine outside of Steam.

To install Winetricks:

1. Open a terminal and change directory to Downloads . 

2.   Download Winetricks .

3. Change the file permissions to set Winetricks as an executable file. 

4. Using Winetricks, install CoreFonts , used by Windows applications via Wine.

Things can get complicated if you want to apply Winetricks fixes to a specific Proton game, but not by much. Thankfully, there is a helper script called Protontricks for just this purpose.

1. Install Protontricks . Open a terminal and use the Python packaging tool “pip” to install. 

2. To apply Protontricks to a specific game, you need to discover the specific game ID of that game using Protontricks itself. For example typing protontricks -s fallout found Fallout and Fallout 4 installed on our Linux gaming machine. 

3.  Visit the ProtonDB entry for that game. For example, we looked at the entry for Cyberpunk 2077 which has a gold rating, but requires a few tweaks in order to work.

4. Use the Winetricks commands that match the requirements for your game. Typically the syntax is.

5. Start your freshly-patched game via Steam.

Special Options for Steam on Linux Games 

Some games may need special launch options to be added in order for them to run correctly. To do so:

1. Right click on the game name in your Steam Library and select General .

2. Type in the launch options from the ProtonDB entry. Typically these end with the string %command%.If there are multiple launch options, ensure that there is only one %command%

You may need to edit a game INI file.

1. Right click on the game name in your Steam Library, select Properties.

2. In the Local Files section click on Browse to locate the INI file.

This guide originally appeared in issue 281 of Linux Format magazine . 

Linux distros ban 'tainted' AI-generated code — NetBSD and Gentoo lead the charge on forbidding AI-written code

Linus Torvalds now favors Ampere Arm chip over Apple Silicon MacBook for building Linux kernels — says he's now doing more Arm64 Linux testing than ever

VLC to support Nvidia's RTX Video HDR 'soon' — will join VSR on VLC for AI upscaling

  • Howardohyea whoohoo! This is awesome! Always wanted Linux to prosper and gain support, looks like it finally upped a notch Reply
Secondly, it does raise some ethical questions as, arguably, running the Windows version under Linux might reduce pressure on the developers to make a Linux native version of a game.
  • cifyisurzu For the people here reading this article, please note that EVERYTHING that was done through commands CAN BE DONE WITH A GRAPHICAL INTERFACE. Installing something requires just a simple search in the INTEGRATED app store on Ubuntu (and whatever distro you use), you just type "Steam" and hit "install", the same with winetricks and proton. YOU DON'T NEED TO LEARN PROGRAMMING OR TO USE COMMANDS ON LINUX TO HAVE A FULL GAMING/USER EXPERIENCE WITH A LINUX SYSTEM. Some Linux distros (distros are like different versions of Linux, with different interface and programs preinstalled) are for everyone, try it with the same philosophy you have with Windows or Mac and you'll be surprised to see how many things works easier. Other things requires you to do other steps, different from Windows or Mac, but it's not harder, it's just different, and BY NO MEAN you need to use commands for every small thing you want, like installing steam or playing some games. Linux distros that are for everyone coming from Mac/Windows: ZorinOS, Ubuntu, Manjaro, PopOS... You can try them for free and stick with the one you like the most. If you want to know more about Linux gaming search for Lutris, it's like a "generic" game launcher that automatizes all the process of gaming without Steam. Reply
  • excalibur1814 Reads the tutorial. Closes the page. Launches Steam on Windows and carries on with life. Reply
excalibur1814 said: Reads the tutorial. Closes the page. Launches Steam on Windows and carries on with life.
GenericUser said: It's never really seemed like there was much pressure on developers to begin with.
Admin said: With a few easy to use tweaks we can run our entire Steam library on Linux. Better Linux Gaming With Steam and Proton : Read more
  • korekan sounds great but until you get an error message that its hard to know what cause it let alone troubleshoot it. Reply
  • TheOtherOne I can never understand why can't all these Linux distros make GUI simple and have double click to open/run/install files like EXE files in Windows? Is it some sort of patent crap that makes them unable to do or is Linux really that complicated that you MUST use command line for simple things? :unsure: Every time I think of giving Linux a shot after hearing how better gaming on Linux has become since last decade or so ago, the first thing I see is "open terminal and start typing" ... :homer:(n) Reply
TheOtherOne said: I can never understand why can't all these Linux distros make GUI simple and have double click to open/run/install files like EXE files in Windows? Is it some sort of patent crap that makes them unable to do or is Linux really that complicated that you MUST use command line for simple things? :unsure: Every time I think of giving Linux a shot after hearing how better gaming on Linux has become since last decade or so ago, the first thing I see is "open terminal and start typing" ... :homer:(n)
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tour compatible linux

A look at the top 100 Steam games and how many will work on Linux and the Steam Deck

Across various previous articles we've looked at how many games are supported on Linux and how many Windows games work with Steam Play Proton , so let's take a look at the current top 100.

The top 100 Steam games is a list that fluctuates quite a lot, so this is taken using a snapshot of what was available thanks to SteamDB going by the 24 hour player peak count. Seems like a pretty good sample to use since it shouldn't be drastically different any time soon, except for big new releases after the article goes live of course. So this is just a snapshot of how things look in early October 2021 ahead of the Steam Deck release.

Over time the compatibility is expected to increase thanks to native ports, more Windows-only games working with Steam Play Proton and now Easy Anti-Cheat and BattlEye have expanded their support.

Some notes:

  • Proton GE refers to the community-built version of Proton. So while it requires adding it manually (which takes all of 5 minutes), it still works. This is sometimes needed for games where videos don't work with the official Proton. Valve is working on getting them all working out of the box with official Proton.
  • We expect Rust to work at the launch of the Steam Deck or shortly after, given that Garry Newman of Facepunch already stated previously it was in progress to have their Easy Anti-Cheat supported in Proton.
  • Age of Empires II: Definitive Edition works but online multiplayer can desync unless you do a small fix.
  • Phasmophobia doesn't have in-game voice due to it needing Windows Cortana.
  • The native port of ARK: Survival Evolved is pretty poor, and online with the Windows version in Proton is broken due to the BattlEye anti-cheat used.
  • Rocket League was removed from Steam, however it does work with Wine (which Proton is built from) if you use something like the Heroic Games Launcher .
  • Total War: WARHAMMER II has a native Linux port but the multiplayer is separated from Windows, it does also work with Proton.
  • The Binding of Isaac: Rebirth has a native port but the latest DLC does not, so it needs Proton for that.
  • Fallout 4 works but needs a small launch option fix for the audio.
  • Arma 3 single-player can work with Proton but multiplayer does not, same for eFootball PES 2021 SEASON UPDATE.
  • Sea of Thieves works but is missing in-game voice chat.

The takeaway here is that when blending together native Linux builds, those that run well with the official Valve Proton and Proton GE you can currently expect approximately 75% (minus 3 if you don't want to count Proton GE) of the top 100 to work on Linux / SteamOS and so hopefully the SteamOS Linux powered Steam Deck too.

It's never going to be an exact figure because PC gaming (both Windows and Linux) has so many possible configurations, there's a lot of wiggle room for games to work for one person and not another so as always take it with a grain of salt. How well they work within the constraints of the Steam Deck is another matter, many will need special tweaks.

When you think about those broken by anti-cheat, 15 might not sound like a lot but these are they absolute most popular games on Steam. Their absence will be felt if they aren't updated to work.

Considering there are over 52,000 games on Steam (with hundreds releasing each week), Valve has plenty of work to do with Proton to hit their marketing where they've said their aim is for all games to work. Hopefully a bunch more developers will also look to support Linux directly with either native builds or properly test against Proton to further increase compatibility.

tour compatible linux

  • Humble Bundle has a Stories of Pride game selection up
  • Heroes of Might and Magic III open source build gets initial gamepad support
  • Ghost of Tsushima single-player only on Steam Deck due to PlayStation Network features

3 years

Quoting: dxmn Hopefully Valve adds an easy way to implement GE's Proton into the steam deck. There are already tools like protonup that automate the aforementioned 5 minute process

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Quoting: druncopsyken It's not in the hands of Valve to improve much now, unless they choose to ban games that refuse to support.

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The best Linux PC in 2024: desktop PCs with Linux pre-installed

What's the best Linux PC on the market? We dig into your options.

  • Best overall
  • Best mini PC
  • Best data science PC
  • Best for developers
  • Best for power users
  • Best dual-boot
  • Best budget
  • How to choose
  • How we chose

Best Linux PC

1. Best overall 2. Best mini PC 3. Best for data science 4. Best for developers 5. Best for power users 6. Best dual-boot 7. Best budget 8. FAQ 9. How to choose 10. How we chose

The best Linux PC is the one that you don't have to install and configure yourself, given how much of a hassle it can be to reset a Windows system in favor of the best Linux distros .

Increasingly popular with programmers, PC enthusiasts, and power users, Linux is a fantastic OS platform that lets you do everything from browse the web to running entire data centers. This open source alternative to Windows and macOS is also growing in popularity with the average user, thanks to distros like Ubuntu that have greatly expanded Linux's user base.

But finding a bare metal system preconfigured with Linux ready to go can be challenging. That's why we've pulled together a list of the best Linux PCs with your favorite distros already installed so you can get right to work, out of the box.

The best Linux PC in 2024

Why you can trust TechRadar We spend hours testing every product or service we review, so you can be sure you’re buying the best. Find out more about how we test.

Dell Precision 7920 Tower Workstation (Ubuntu)

The best Linux PC overall

1. dell precision 7920 tower workstation (ubuntu), specifications, reasons to buy, reasons to avoid.

Every passing year Dell 's Linux support has increased rapidly: it now has a support page titled "Linux on Dell desktops and laptops" that states boldly: "For over 20 years Dell has offered Linux-based workstations and laptops for businesses, engineers and scientists. A few years ago via Project Sputnik our portfolio expanded to include developer-targeted laptops and mobile workstations. These systems come with Ubuntu preloaded and are certified for Red Hat Enterprise Linux.". 

Yet, even though the firm sells both workstations and laptops preloaded with Linux, it's the Linux laptops that are easier to find at online retailers. When it comes to Linux-preloaded desktops, chances are you'll need to go directly to Dell to buy. 

Buying a Linux preload version is essential instead of installing Linux on top of a Windows machine if you want to keep its warranty and support. The company states on its support page that "if you purchase a computer and replace its operating system , then your warranty may require you to reinstall Windows if anything goes wrong."

The Precision 7920 Tower Workstation comes preloaded with the latest LTS (Long-Term Support) flavor of Ubuntu version 20.04. With its 10-core, 2.40 GHz Xeon processor, ECC error-correcting memory, and fast PCIe SSD, this PC provides excellent value for the money. In addition to that, there is plenty of room for upgrading and internal expansion. Since Ubuntu LTS is maintained for ten years, and official support for the preloaded version expires in 2030, this machine will serve you well for many years.

In Dell's online store, going to the configuration tab and picking Ubuntu Linux instead of Windows 11 Pro for Workstations saves you $171.12 at the time of writing. 

The base configuration includes an NVIDIA graphics card with only 4GB of VRAM, but you can choose between many AMD and Nvidia graphics card options. Upgrade to a Triple AMD Radeon Pro W5700 with 8 GB of GDDR6 memory for an extra $1730. If you have an additional $10,493 to spare, you can install a triple NVIDIA RTX A6000 setup with 48GB of GDDR6 memory instead.

Although the Dell order page allows you to choose between AMD/NVIDIA dual, triple, and quad graphics card configurations, not all of these are supported by Ubuntu. You also may need to upgrade your CPU to work with multiple graphics cards. 

You will receive a warning if you choose a graphics card configuration unsupported by Linux and your selected CPU  in the configurator.

Storage in this base system consists of a fast 256GB PCIe M.2 SSD, but you can go up to 64TB if you fill all seven 2.5" or five 3.5" drive bays and front access storage and PCIe M.2/U.2 NVMe SSDs. 

Make sure you add network card 1 Gigabit Ethernet and 10GbE dual-port NIC are available as the base system includes only the integrated NIC. Wireless cards weren't public when we tried to customize the Workstation configuration. 

Minisforum DeskMini UM350

The best Linux mini-PC

2. minisforum deskmini um350.

Minisforum has already won the hearts and minds of Linux users by releasing the EliteMini Manjaro UM700 system preloaded with Linux in January 2022. This has since been continued, but the spirit of OEM Linux lives on in the UM350. 

In addition to the ease of having a Linux system working ideally seconds after pressing the power button, you get real value for money from this mini PC, as the base model retails at less than $300. 

It uses Manjaro , a widespread European Linux distribution focusing on user-friendliness and accessibility. This version of Manjaro uses the graphics-rich Plasma Desktop and the Arch Linux distro as a base. 

You can add software via the Pacman package manager. Still, pre-installed apps include the Firefox and Vivaldi Browsers, Okular PDF, the VLC media player, the Open Office fork LibreOffice, Steam , Skype, and Crossover One, allowing users to run popular Windows applications.

Since Manjaro is a "rolling release" distro, it means your system will always run the latest versions of the kernel and applications, and you won't have to "upgrade" to a newer version of Manjaro down the line as happens with distros that use a "point release" development model like Ubuntu.

On the hardware side, this mighty mini PC is square and smaller than a mouse pad (127×127×51.3mm). This means it works well at home for office workers, students, and creative professionals. 

It looks elegant and discrete on your desk, yet you can hide it from sight if necessary, thanks to its mounting plate. Moreover, its small size and weight make it easy to transport: unplug the cables and place the computer with its power adapter in a backpack to carry it everywhere you go. Even bundled with these accessories, the weight comes to just 1.32kg (3lb)

AMD's quad-core Ryzen 7 CPU paired with its PCIe bus SSD makes Linux run smoothly. You can easily remove the computer's top cover without a screwdriver if you want to upgrade the memory or storage. Standard SO-DIMMs are used like laptops; a 2.5-inch bay is provided for an internal SSD or hard drive.

On the front of the device are a USB-C port, two USB 3.2 Type-A ports, a 3.5mm headphone jack, and a power button. There are also more USB ports on the back and HDMI and DisplayPort for connecting monitors, making it an excellent option for those who want a multi-monitor Linux system with up to three displays. Its dual-band Wi-Fi, Bluetooth, and wired 2.5 gigabit Ethernet port provide superior connectivity.

HP Z2 G9 Tower

The Best Linux PC for data science

3. hp z2 g9 tower.

The company, formerly known as Hewlett-Packard and now HP , released the first version of its Unix operating system, "HP-UX," 40 years ago. Unix usage peaked and then was replaced by Windows and Linux. During the rise of Linux, HP was one of the first printer vendors to implement native Linux printer drivers. It made them open source, with the influential HPLIP (HP Linux Imaging and Printing) open-source drivers project still alive today. 

Additionally, HP also manufactures thin clients that run on Linux. It makes sense to expect a pioneer in Unix and Linux to be a significant player in preloaded Linux systems. But not quite. The Linux support by HP can be described as lukewarm or "depends on whom you ask." Yes, most HP servers and workstations are certified by one or more Linux vendors.  

Moreover, HPE (Hewlett Packard Enterprise) has most of its enterprise servers certified for the most popular enterprise Linux distributions, SUSE, RedHat Enterprise Linux (RHEL), Oracle Linux, and Ubuntu servers. However, these choices can be expensive. If you are a small business owner looking for a desktop workstation at Amazon .com, Newegg, or B&H, to name a few popular online vendors, you will end up empty-handed. You will only be able to choose Windows preloaded options.

It is introducing "Z by HP," which has its own product managers, brand ambassadors, and Twitter account. HP aims to serve "Professional creators and power users" by delivering a "curated, personalized solution." Part of this solution is HP systems that come preloaded with Ubuntu Linux. The firm even has a FAQ file about running Linux on its devices.

It starts by saying, "Ubuntu 20.04 will be pre-installed, ready to boot when the unit is powered up". Fine, so you want to order it? What is the SKU? "The Ubuntu pre-install is a separate SKU from Linux-ready pre-install and is not dependent upon Linux-ready pre-install." The FAQ does not mention the SKU. Confused yet? So were we. But perseverance pays off. This is how we discovered the Z2 G9 at HP's US shop , where Ubuntu appears as an option under Windows 11 when you click "Customize & Buy."

With Ubuntu, the price is discounted by $215, making this system an absolute steal. Don't choose "Linux ready" because that is another thing. According to HP's online FAQ, "Linux Ready" does not equal a pre-install of Ubuntu, and if you choose that option, you get a system without a real OS. While the FAQ claims "Linux ready" is the  "lowest possible cost" option, it's the exact cost of choosing the Ubuntu Linux 20.04 option. Therefore, please select "Ubuntu Linux 20.04", not "Linux ready." Scroll down to add RHEL (Red Hat Enterprise Linux) as a second OS for an additional $7.

The HP Z2 G9 is a stylish mid-tower, single-CPU entry-level workstation. Depending on your choice, you can stay with the six-core Core i5 or upgrade to a 24-core i9. During HP's order process, you can choose from GPUs, memory -ECC for Xeons - up to 128GB of RAM in four DIMM slots, and storage options.  

As this build is customizable, the specs you see are the configuration most widely available for the Z9 at web retailers (one that ships with Windows). 

There are three M.2 slots on the mainboard, one occupied by the system's SSD. Besides the installed video card, there are three other available PCI slots. You can also add a 5.25-inch optical drive and a removable 2.5-inch drive in addition to the two 3.5-inch SATA bays. 

Quickly remove the side panel by flicking a lever, and its Flex-IO panel allows you to add additional ports such as HDMI and VGA to the system with little interface modules. If purchased directly from HP, these can be added to the system configuration or purchased later from other online retailers like Newegg and CDW; search for "Flex IO."

The base model has two DisplayPort 1.4 ports attached to the integrated video, plus any additional video outputs your video card provides -usually several DisplayPort ports. There are six USB-A ports on the back, split among USB Gen 2, 5Gbps Gen 1, and legacy USB 2.0. Audio input and output are also available. Additional 'Flexible Port' options allow you to use other ports such as USB 3.1 and HDMI.   

The base model doesn't have Wi-Fi support, but you can add an Intel ® Wi-Fi 6 AX211 + Bluetooth® 5.2 card for just $20. Pay an extra $8 for an external antenna. 

You can also pay an extra dollar to include HP's Data Science Software Stack, which has the latest versions of Python and R, along with preloaded environments such as Anaconda, PyCharm, Visual Studio, and GIT, in addition to Data Science-specific packages such as TensorFlow, XGBoost, Keras and PyTorch. Rapids data science library, docker containers, and Nvidia drivers are also included.

If you want to use the Software Stack in Ubuntu fully, you'll need to upgrade the base model to have a graphics card. Prices start from $160 for an NVIDIA T400 with 6GB of GDDR6 memory. 

Even if most data scientists and students could manually install these apps, having them pre-installed along with Linux provides a significant advantage for number crunchers, statisticians, Linux programmers, and data science students. 

There's no reason why this Ubuntu OEM version of the Z2 couldn't quickly sell by the thousands at retail alongside its Windows counterparts. Failing that, it would be nice to have a way of converting a Windows preloaded system into the Ubuntu preload version while retaining support and warranty. In any case, HP needs to improve its distribution because this is a killer Linux PC.

In conclusion, HP needs to improve how its customers can purchase Linux-preloaded machines without much obfuscation and with better retail distribution. Getting back on topic, Z by HP offers data scientists a Ubuntu installation with full GPU support and many developer tools and pre-installed libraries, making this Z2 G9 a great option if you can get one.

Lenovo Thinkstation P620

The best Linux PC for developers

4. lenovo thinkstation p620.

By mid-2020, Linus Torvalds made unintentional headlines when he switched from an Intel to an AMD Threadripper CPU as his personal development system after fifteen years of only using Intel processors. He stated at the time that test builds of the Linux kernel were now three times faster than before. 

The Lenovo ThinkStation P620 is a compact workstation that will let your software builds be as fast as Linus' own. A little smaller than a typical ATX enclosure, it sports a flexible, expandable design that will keep you productive for years. AMD's Threadripper CPU, with twelve cores, is incredibly well suited for kernel developers and programmers who compile large code bases as build systems provide parallelization to fill up all the available cores. Regardless of your compiler, programming language, or IDE used, the more CPU cores, the faster things go, especially when running several things simultaneously.

The Thinkstation P620 exhibits Lenovo's attention to detail with its front handle, which makes it easy to plug cables or perform system maintenance, and the faultless interior that allows you to replace or add cards without a screwdriver.

Its 12-core CPU runs at a speed of 4 GHz and may go up to 4.30 GHz. With its eight memory channels, its maximum capacity is 2 TiB using eight 256 GiB LRDIMMs or 3DS RDIMMs. 

Lenovo surprised Linux advocates by late 2020 when it announced the availability of an Ubuntu 20.04 preload option for several laptops and desktop systems, with the ThinkStation P620 at the bottom of the list.   

You can add storage to your purchase for a slight price difference, such as a 2TB PCIe M.2 SSD. It can hold up to five SATA HDDs, which is quite a bit if you fill it with 10TB drives.

Lenovo's online store offers several configurations, the cheapest with 256GB of SSD storage and an AMD Radeon Pro graphics card with 4GB of VRAM. 

For an extra $130, you can swap out the base AMD Radeon Pro for an NVIDIA T1000 with 4GB of DDR6 memory instead. If you can spare the cash, you can upgrade to AMD Radeon Pro W5500 with 8GB GDDR6 of memory for an extra $470. 

There is nothing to dislike about this system, is there? There are lead times. A parts shortage across the industry has affected Lenovo, and your custom-built system can take weeks to arrive.

Thelio Mira

The best Linux PC for power users

5. thelio mira (system 76).

Get to know System76 if you haven't already. Carl Richell and Erik Fetzer founded the company, which sold computers with Linux preinstalled in 2003. Located in Denver, Colorado, the company creates Linux systems with a unique style and attention to detail that cater to the needs and desires of Linux users.

System76 is unique in making its designs open source. All specifications and drawings can be downloaded from GitHub. Standard parts are inside, but they developed their own Linux-friendly IO board, which controls, among other things, the speed of the cooling fans. 

The lions are a family of machines of many different sizes, all with the same look. In between the base Thelio desktop and the Thelio Major, you will find the Thelio Mira . Due to its wood aesthetics, the Thelios can be mistaken for a speaker if viewed from the side. 

With Pop!_OS , the company offers its own Linux distribution based on Ubuntu with a modified Gnome GUI. Nevertheless, they do not force-feed it to their customers; you can choose a standard Ubuntu installation. The company recently introduced its mechanical keyboard, dubbed "Launch," and available for purchase through its website. While some Thelia Mira PCs are available at third-party resellers, the firm's idea is to buy directly to tune it to your needs. 

Directly from their Colorado factory, System76 custom-builds your system and ships it via UPS. For $99, Canadian customers can purchase warranty shipping coverage, which covers all shipping back and forth for service. Customers in the USA can extend their warranty to two years by paying an extra $149 or three years for $249. They can also pay an additional $9 and receive a shipping label to donate their old computers to be responsibly recycled. 

This firm's online configurator is on par with heavyweights like Dell or Lenovo. The tailor-like design begins by selecting the system model, then the CPU brand: AMD or Intel. AMD costs $399 more than Intel. 

The system then lets you pick the color and style of your case to match your desk or room furniture: walnut brown, birch, Neptune Blue, Martian Red, Farout Pink, and Etched PCB traces. You can also order your own DIY "accent kit"  free of charge in case you want to choose your own or if you want to change. Accent colors can easily be swapped out. 

Afterward, you can add RAM, storage, and GPUs. The final step involves accessories and warranty.

The Intel edition comes with an ASUS ROG STRIX Z590-A motherboard. The AMD Ryzen system comes with the Gigabyte X670 Aorus Elite AX—both use "non-free" firmware from System76.  

The Intel edition's Z590-A is an Asus gaming motherboard with three M.2 slots for SSDs and four PCIe 4.0 slots (3 x16, one x4). 

The CPU in our selected system is a powerful Intel Core i9-13900KS with 24 cores, 16GB of DDR4 RAM, and an Nvidia GeForce RTX 3070 Ti GPU. PCI Gen.4 SSDs provide storage, and we selected a system with 1TB of storage. This brought the price up to $2,532 before tax. Still, Buying direct lets you add additional drives as needed.

Connectivity is paramount thanks to its WiFi 6 and Intel 2.5 Gb Ethernet. It features two USB 3.2 Gen 2 ports and a USB Type-C port, with HDMI 2.0 and Displayport 1.4 outputs connected to the mainboard's built-in video. Visit the company's Tech Specs sub-site to delight yourself with tech specs sans PDF.

The manufacturer includes Lifetime support and free shipping (US) for repairs during the warranty period. There's also a lively System76 subreddit to discuss the firm's systems.

Intel Mini PC 12th Gen

The best dual-boot Linux PC

6. intel mini pc 12th gen.

There are desktops with Linux preloaded and laptops with Linux preloaded, but what happens when you prefer an All-in-One computer ? In that case, you should head to Belgium. 

The folks at Ubuntushop in Belgium offer a range of Linux Notebooks & PC, including the Intel Mini PC. They've been in business for over 20 years and are certified OEM installers of Ubuntu/Linux-mint + derivatives, Manjaro, and Debian.

If you visit their website, one of your first choices is which version of Linux you want to be preinstalled on your machine. You can choose from Ubuntu and its variants (Kubuntu, Lubuntu, and Xubuntu), Manjaro, Elementary OS, Debian 11, Linux Mint, any many more. If you don't see the OS you want, you can ask for another distro when you place your order.

You can also buy displays from 22" to 27". It contains an Intel 10-core i3-1220P, nothing spectacular but adequate for most operations. Memory is sufficient at 16GB, though you can customize it to 64GB, while a 512GB SSD provides storage. You can upgrade this to 2TB for an additional €180. You can also add a secondary SSD of 1TB, 2TB, or 4 TB.

The system offers a built-in Gigabit Ethernet port and supports Intel Wi-Fi 6 AX200. It's also compatible with Bluetooth 5.0 for speakers, keyboards, and pointing devices. This is probably just as well, as there's only one 3.5mm jack for headphones and microphones. Additionally, it offers two USB 3.0 ports and two USB 2.0 ports. This likely won't be enough for most users, so you may have to consider buying a powered USB hub. 

The Amnesic Incognito Live System, or Tails, is an anonymous and security-focused Debian-based Linux distribution. Kodachi is another Debian-based distro with an even more extreme security attitude: it changes your MAC Address immediately. All network traffic goes through the TOR (The Onion Routing) network, VPN support, and DNS encryption. 

The firm accepts orders from all countries and delivers worldwide within one to two weeks. It claims to send out products in stock within three days. The keyboard layout can be chosen from a menu on the order page and is available in USA-intl, English, UK, Belgian, French, German, Portuguese, Italian, and Spanish. Non-EU customers do not pay VAT tax, and the web cart prices are discounted by 21% when entering a non-EU shipping address.

Dell OptiPlex 3090

The best budget Linux PC

7. dell optiplex 3090.

There is always someone else willing to step up to the plate and pre-load Linux when PC manufacturers fail to do so. This is the case with ME2, a computer reseller from Oregon that offers customizable computer configurations and ships worldwide. The Dell OptiPlex 3090 Desktop is professionally upgraded by the company, offering a one-year warranty.

The Optiplex 3090 model we reviewed features an Intel i3 CPU with four cores and 4 GB of RAM, although this can be upgraded to 64 GB. Its mainboard has Intel UHD 750 Graphics 750, and a 1TB hard drive completes its configuration. The Achilles heel of this system is booting from a hard drive because SSDs are commonplace now, and booting from a hard drive is not fast. However, You can customize your machine to use a 1TB PCIe SSD for an extra $150. The quality of Dell hardware it's based on makes it a good choice for a base system, given its very affordable price.

It has 2 USB ports in the front and four in the back, HDMI and DisplayPort video outputs, and Gigabit Ethernet. 

Best Linux PC: Frequently Asked Question

To install or not to install the preload advantage.

The first option is to build your own PC , or buy a PC preloaded with Windows, wipe the OS, then flip a coin to choose a Linux distribution, cross your fingers, and hope for the best, but good results are not guaranteed. 

The best way to buy a Linux-compatible PC is to buy one that comes with the software already installed or that has already been tested for Linux compatibility. When this occurs, Linux becomes as smooth as using a PC with Windows.

How to choose the best Linux PC for you?

When selecting the best Linux PC for yourself, you'll want to consider various technical aspects, like the distro it runs, CPU, GPU, RAM, storage, and ports. 

Some Linux PCs are better suited for specific tasks, like data science, so you'll want to pick the right ones based on your requirements. If you feel that your PC needs are going to change with time, you'll want to select options that offer decent expansion and upgrading options. 

Look out for the fan noise, internal design, warranty period, and pricing, among other things.

How to choose the best Linux PC for you

To be honest, most PCs are on the side of Windows. Few desktop machines come with Linux pre-loaded. We've tried to show you a selection of computers here that are useful for different scenarios. 

When selecting the best Linux PC for you, you'll want to consider various technical aspects, like the distro it runs, CPU, GPU, RAM, storage, and ports.

Some Linux PCs are better suited for specific tasks, like data science, so you'll want to pick the right ones based on your requirements. If you feel your PC needs will change with time, you'll want to select options offering decent expansion and upgrading options. 

Don't be afraid to search online to look for reviews. Ubuntu also offers a certification program - choose a computer they've approved to be sure it'll play nicely with the OS.

How we chose the best Linux PCs

We looked at the market offerings for Linux preloaded desktops, which aren’t that many, to be honest with you. Then we sorted our list of systems based on hardware specs, and picked usage scenarios where they would fit better. 

Some categories were obvious: for instance the best for data science category. It was driven by HP’s own Ubuntu Linux software stack that caters to the needs of the staticians and number crunchers; no system can come close to that level of flexibility.

The mini PC category was driven by UbuntuShop's own series of tiny Linux machines. The best overall and best for developers categories were a contested race, as business level workstations is a market where Linux has had good compatibility historically. System76 steals the race for the best for power users category by basically inventing a new concept PC, together with their own aesthetics and its own Linux distro.

Read more on how we test, rate, and review products on TechRadar .

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Fernando Cassia is a freelance Tech Writer living in Buenos Aires, Argentina. He has also written for Mike Magee's The Inquirer, Theo Valich’s BSN, TechEye, and other online publications. When he's not chasing Phishers, he's procrastinating on Twitter. Find him at @fcassia

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tour compatible linux

This is a project to anonymously collect hardware details of Linux-powered computers over the world and help people to collaboratively debug hardware related issues, check for Linux-compatibility and find drivers.

Probe your computer in order to participate in the project and discover your hardware in details. Share your probes with Linux developers to debug and fix problems with your computer. Please read more in our blog .

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WPS Office One of the Best Office Solutions for Linux

Free all-in-one office suite, writer , spreadsheet , presentation , and the pdf toolkit can help you solve issues in viewing and editing common document types. meanwhile, the small but feature-rich pdf toolkit can help you convert pdfs from and to word, excel, ppt, and image files with ease..

Free All-in-One Office Suite for Linux

Compatible with Various File Formats

Wps office supports common document formats. the four components of wps office will boost your productivity in text processing, data analysis, and animation creation..

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Is Ubuntu compatible with UNIX applications?

As somebody interested in backwards compatibility, I'm wondering if Ubuntu can natively run true-blue UNIX applications. Does this work?

  • compatibility

sikk2luigi's user avatar

  • 2 Maybe, maybe not. Linux is not fully POSIX, and probably never will be. However, it does comply with many of the POSIX standards, and so many POSIX-compliant applications may work (after recompiling, etc., of course). –  muru Aug 21, 2015 at 2:56
  • @muru: I believe, that your comment is the answer to this question. Can you convert it to one, please? –  David Foerster Aug 22, 2015 at 8:00

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  26. Is Ubuntu compatible with UNIX applications?

    11 1. 2. Maybe, maybe not. Linux is not fully POSIX, and probably never will be. However, it does comply with many of the POSIX standards, and so many POSIX-compliant applications may work (after recompiling, etc., of course). - muru. Aug 21, 2015 at 2:56.