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Tour of Britain Cycling Race – A History

Mathew mitchell.

  • Published on July 19, 2020
  • in Men's Cycling

The Tour of Britain is now firmly part of the professional calendar and has risen to be just shy of Worldtour status. It wasn’t always so though. There was no professional stage race in Britain for large parts of the 1990s and early 2000s. Really the history of this Tour of Britain only goes back to 1987 in the form of the Kellogg’s Tour too. For older people, the largely amateur Milk Race is the race that has stuck in their minds. Not a surprise really, as it is this race that traces its origins back to the 1950s and beyond.

Table of Contents

The Origins of the Tour of Britain

The Tour of Britain made its start as the Victory Marathon in 1945. Raced from Brighton to Glasgow over 5 stages, this initial race was won by Frenchman Robert Batot. The name was dropped but the race continued to be run as Brighton to Glasgow for the next few years.

As the 1940s turned into the 1950s a number of other stage races vied for contention. 1951 had the Butlin Tour see riders race between Butlins holiday parks. A separate Tour of Britain race then appeared the same year. All the while Brighton Glasgow pushed on, becoming Brighton Newcastle in 1953 and then the Circuit of Britain between 1954 and 1956. This was as a result of the internal battles between the National Cyclists Union (NCU) and the British League of Racing Cyclists (BLRC), and the BLRC with itself.

The Milk Race

1958 saw the amateur Milk Race for the first time. The Milk Race was a more international affair that saw riders from the Eastern Bloc traverse the Iron Curtain to race. The Milk Board sponsored the race all the way until 1993. By the 1980s it had lost its amateur status, becoming a pro-amateur race instead. By 1993 the Milk Marketing Board was wound-up as it broke EU rules. As a result of their non-existence their sponsorship ended and so did the race.

The Milk Race became known for its long stages, almost all over 100 miles, and routes were tough. Organisation was interesting with riders sometimes routed over tiny lanes and into fields. There were plenty of tales of riders taking wrong turns and finishing stages may hours late.

Milk Race riders and winners

The quality of the amateur field steadily improved. The 1964 winner Arthur Metcalfe rode the Tour de France in 1967 & 1968. The 1965 & 1967 winner Les West finished 4th in the 1970 World Championships. Dutchman Hennie Kuiper won in 1972, he went on to become World Champion in 1975, 3 Tour de France stages and a win at each of Milan San Remo , Tour of Flanders, Paris Roubaix and Il Lombardia. The 1973 winner Piet van Katwijk won the 1976 Tour de Suisse. 1974 winner Roy Schuiten was a double World Individual Pursuit Champion. Bill Nickson won in 1976 and rode the Tour de France the following year.

The late 1970s and into the 1980s was the era of Eastern Bloc domination. USSR riders won 7 times in 12 years. The consensus was that many of these riders would’ve been professionals under different circumstances. Professionals could race the Milk Race from 1985 when another Dutchman Eric Van Lancker won. Van Lancker would later win a Giro stage, Liege Bastogne Liege and Amstel Gold Race . Malcolm Elliott became the first Brit to win in a decade in 1988, the next year he won the points jersey at the Vuelta a Espana . The infamous Shane Sutton won in 1990. Chris Lillywhite won the final Milk Race in 1993.

Surprisingly ahead of its time, there was even a Milk Race video game tie-in. It looks like something you’d have pulled up on Ceefax, but I’m sure was very exciting in its day.

The Kellogg’s Tour

A new rival to the Milk Race appeared in the 1980s in the Kellogg’s Tour. You would’ve thought Kellogg’s and Milk would make a great combination, they usually do. The Kellogg’s Tour was aimed more at the major professional peloton with the Milk Race still for amateurs (and then pros from 1985).

Joey McLoughlin won the first Kellogg’s Tour in 1987, he’d won the Milk Race the year before. Malcolm Elliott joined him in winning both races in 1988. The star Brit of the age, Robert Millar , won in 1989. By this time Millar had already won mountains jerseys in the Tour de France and Giro d’Italia. The first non-European to wear the Yellow Jersey, Phil Anderson, won the 1991 and 1993 races. Max Sciandri won in 1992, still racing for Italy at that point before his transfer to riding as a Brit. The Kellogg’s Tour bowed out in 1994 with 1988 World Champion (and winner of Flèche Wallonne and Milan San Remo in 1993) Maurizio Fondriest taking the victory.

The Kellogg’s Tour finished in 1994 and after a hiatus, there were two editions of the PruTour in 1998 and 1999. The PruTour aimed at a similar level to the Kellogg’s Tour with the pro peloton invited. Stuart O’Grady won in 1998 and Marc Wauters in 1999 – both were Tour de France stage winners. There would then be another gap until the modern Tour of Britain appeared in 2004.

The Modern Tour of Britain

The modern version of the Tour of Britain made its first appearance in 2004 and is still going strong (the 2020 version excepted for COVID-19 reasons). Its history links to the Kellogg’s Tour as its predecessor rather than the Milk Race. The first race ran at 2.1 level but still attracted some star names in Tom Boonen , Paolo Savoldelli, Michele Bartoli and Daniel Moreno. The first edition had 5 stages but as the popularity of the race has grown, it now features 8 stages.

The race initially saw a mixture of rider types take victory. Mauricio Ardila won the first edition, before finishing 9th in the Vuelta a Espana the following year. Nick Nuyens won the 2005 edition, the same year he won Omloop Het Volk . Edvald Boasson Hagen won 2 stages in 2008 but went better in 2009 by winning the Overall. Boasson Hagen won again in 2015 to join Lars Boom (2011 & 2017) as the only multiple winners. Classics riders often found themselves at an advantage. The General Classification was usually decided by breakaways that couldn’t be reeled in on the tough, grippy British roads.

The 2012 edition saw Bradley Wiggins take part as the reigning Tour de France (and Olympic TT) champion. He would win the 2013 edition, taking advantage of the time trial to create a gap he didn’t relinquish. Steve Cummings became the 2nd Brit to win the Tour of Britain 2016. The 2018 race saw more stars, with Primosz Roglic and Julian Alaphilippe battling it out for the win. 2019 was the Mathieu van der Poel race as he dominated proceedings. Only Matteo Trentin came close to him throughout the week but van der Poel won 3 stages (including Burton Dassett ) to assert his dominance.

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Tour of Britain build-up: We recall Martin Earley’s 1989 Kellogg’s Tour near-triumph

  • September 7, 2012
  • Latest News

Earley (leading) was overshadowed by Kelly and Roche, but he won very big races and carved out a top pro career for himself

Earley (leading) was overshadowed by Kelly and Roche, but he won very big races and carved out a top pro career for himself

This year’s Tour of Britain starts in Ipswich on Sunday and will see the An Post-Sean Kelly Irish riders Sam Bennett and Ronan McLaughlin in the field as well as Belfast’s Peter Hawkins (IG Sigma Sport) and Dubliner Philip Lavery (Node4-Giordana). On the eve of the 2012 race, Graham Healy looks back to Martin Earley’s near-win in the 1989 event, then known as the Kellogg’s Tour of Britain.

In the 1980s and 1990s when Sean Kelly and Stephen Roche were winning races throughout Europe it was sometimes easy to overlook the performances of Martin Earley, despite his numerous big wins.

In 1989 Earley was selected alongside Sean Kelly as part of the PDM team to compete in the Kelloggs Tour of Britain. His season that year had been his best ever. He had taken a stage in the Tour de France as well as finishing 7th in the World Championships in Chambery just before the Kelloggs Tour.

The 1989 race started with a hilly prologue in Dundee and Earley showed his continuing good form by finishing in 5th position, as Malcolm Elliott (Teka) repeated his performance of the previous year by taking the first leader’s jersey.

Dubliner Earley really came to the fore on the first road stage the following day, as the riders raced from Dundee to Glasgow on a hilly stage of 190 kilometres.

On a day of torrential rain, Kelly and Earley were the chief protagonists as they initiated the key breakaway.

Earley went clear with a few others after the last climb of Stockie Muir, and they maintained their lead on the closing laps in Glasgow. Earley was beaten into third in the sprint by Remig Stumpf (Toshiba), but had done enough to take the yellow jersey from Elliott.

Afterwards, he said: “I knew I had quite good form because I’ve just finished seventh in the World Championships which for me was a very good place. And then yesterday, I finished fifth and I wasn’t very far off second place so I knew that the condition was quite good.

The riders transferred south for the next stage which went from Manchester to Liverpool. Kelly acted as domestique for Earley and helped him retain the yellow jersey as Phil Anderson (TVM) took the stage.

It was starting to look like Earley might be able to hold on for the overall win after the fourth stage from Chester to Birmingham, as PDM seemed to be in control of the race with just two stages left.

When interviewed before the penultimate stage, Anderson and Robert Millar (Z-Peugeot) were amongst those who considered the Dubliner to be favourite to win the race.

However, on the road to Cardiff it was Millar who attacked with Earley’s team mate Nico Verhoeven marking him. They were soon joined by Mauro Gianetti (Helvetia). Despite sitting on Millar’s wheel throughout the stage, Verhoeven was dropped on the main climb of the day, The Tumble. Millar became virtual yellow jersey as their lead jumped to a massive eleven minutes.

Kelly and Earley tried valiantly to pull the leaders back, as they both broke clear to form a chase group. Verhoeven made the unusual move of turning back in the road to help the chase, but it was to no avail.

They finished over five minutes behind Millar and Gianetti, as the Swiss man took the stage. Earley had lost the yellow jersey and slipped to third place overall. Millar held on for the overall win in London the next day, as Earley slipped back one place.

The PDM team may have taken some consolation from a rare win in a King of the Mountains competition for Kelly, but they must have been ultimately disappointed with the final result. Earley had missed out on possibly the best opportunity he would ever have to win a professional stage race.

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Kellogg's Tour

Race information.

  • Date: 12 August 1994
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  • Race category: ME - Men Elite
  • Distance: 149 km
  • Points scale: 2.1.Stage
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  • Departure: Nottingham
  • Arrival: Manchester
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The Unique Burial of a Child of Early Scythian Time at the Cemetery of Saryg-Bulun (Tuva)

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Pages:  379-406

In 1988, the Tuvan Archaeological Expedition (led by M. E. Kilunovskaya and V. A. Semenov) discovered a unique burial of the early Iron Age at Saryg-Bulun in Central Tuva. There are two burial mounds of the Aldy-Bel culture dated by 7th century BC. Within the barrows, which adjoined one another, forming a figure-of-eight, there were discovered 7 burials, from which a representative collection of artifacts was recovered. Burial 5 was the most unique, it was found in a coffin made of a larch trunk, with a tightly closed lid. Due to the preservative properties of larch and lack of air access, the coffin contained a well-preserved mummy of a child with an accompanying set of grave goods. The interred individual retained the skin on his face and had a leather headdress painted with red pigment and a coat, sewn from jerboa fur. The coat was belted with a leather belt with bronze ornaments and buckles. Besides that, a leather quiver with arrows with the shafts decorated with painted ornaments, fully preserved battle pick and a bow were buried in the coffin. Unexpectedly, the full-genomic analysis, showed that the individual was female. This fact opens a new aspect in the study of the social history of the Scythian society and perhaps brings us back to the myth of the Amazons, discussed by Herodotus. Of course, this discovery is unique in its preservation for the Scythian culture of Tuva and requires careful study and conservation.

Keywords: Tuva, Early Iron Age, early Scythian period, Aldy-Bel culture, barrow, burial in the coffin, mummy, full genome sequencing, aDNA

Information about authors: Marina Kilunovskaya (Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation). Candidate of Historical Sciences. Institute for the History of Material Culture of the Russian Academy of Sciences. Dvortsovaya Emb., 18, Saint Petersburg, 191186, Russian Federation E-mail: [email protected] Vladimir Semenov (Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation). Candidate of Historical Sciences. Institute for the History of Material Culture of the Russian Academy of Sciences. Dvortsovaya Emb., 18, Saint Petersburg, 191186, Russian Federation E-mail: [email protected] Varvara Busova  (Moscow, Russian Federation).  (Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation). Institute for the History of Material Culture of the Russian Academy of Sciences.  Dvortsovaya Emb., 18, Saint Petersburg, 191186, Russian Federation E-mail:  [email protected] Kharis Mustafin  (Moscow, Russian Federation). Candidate of Technical Sciences. Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology.  Institutsky Lane, 9, Dolgoprudny, 141701, Moscow Oblast, Russian Federation E-mail:  [email protected] Irina Alborova  (Moscow, Russian Federation). Candidate of Biological Sciences. Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology.  Institutsky Lane, 9, Dolgoprudny, 141701, Moscow Oblast, Russian Federation E-mail:  [email protected] Alina Matzvai  (Moscow, Russian Federation). Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology.  Institutsky Lane, 9, Dolgoprudny, 141701, Moscow Oblast, Russian Federation E-mail:  [email protected]

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  1. 1990 Tour of Britain

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    Results of the cycling race Kellogg's Tour of Britain GC in 1990 won by Michel Dernies before Robert Millar and Maurizio Fondriest. CyclingRanking. Rankings . Riders. Overall 1869 - 2024; Top 10 Year Avg Ranking; 2024; 2023; Yearly 1869 - 2024; ... Kellogg's Tour of Britain. General Classification.

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  8. 1992 Tour of Britain

    1993 →. The 1992 Tour of Britain was the sixth edition of the Kellogg's Tour of Britain cycle race and was held from 10 August to 14 August 1992. The race started in Dundee and finished in Leeds. [1] The race was won by Max Sciandri of the Motorola team.

  9. Tour of Britain Cycling Race

    The Tour of Britain is now firmly part of the professional calendar and has risen to be just shy of Worldtour status. ... The infamous Shane Sutton won in 1990. Chris Lillywhite won the final Milk Race in 1993. ... The Kellogg's Tour bowed out in 1994 with 1988 World Champion (and winner of Flèche Wallonne and Milan San Remo in 1993 ...

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  12. Tour of Britain build-up: We recall Martin Earley's 1989 Kellogg's Tour

    On the eve of the 2012 race, Graham Healy looks back to Martin Earley's near-win in the 1989 event, then known as the Kellogg's Tour of Britain. In the 1980s and 1990s when Sean Kelly and Stephen Roche were winning races throughout Europe it was sometimes easy to overlook the performances of Martin Earley, despite his numerous big wins.

  13. 1991 Tour of Britain

    ← 1990. 1992 → . The 1991 Tour of Britain was the fifth edition of the Kellogg's Tour of Britain cycle race and was held from 6 August to 10 August 1991. The race started in Windsor and finished in Leeds. The race was won by Phil Anderson of the Motorola team.

  14. Kellogg's Tour 1994 Stage 5 results

    Maurizio Fondriest is the winner of Kellogg's Tour 1994, before Viatcheslav Ekimov and Olaf Ludwig. Ján Svorada is the winner of the final stage. ... Tour of Britain » 1994 » Stage 5 » Results;

  15. 1990 Kelloggs Tour Of Britain 1990

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  17. The Unique Burial of a Child of Early Scythian Time at the Cemetery of

    In 1988, the Tuvan Archaeological Expedition (led by M. E. Kilunovskaya and V. A. Semenov) discovered a unique burial of the early Iron Age at Saryg-Bulun in Central Tuva. There are two burial mounds of the Aldy-Bel culture dated by 7th century BC. Within the barrows, which adjoined one another, forming a figure-of-eight, there were discovered ...

  18. 1989 Tour of Britain

    1990 →. The 1989 Tour of Britain was the third edition of the Kellogg's Tour of Britain cycle race and was held from 29 August to 3 September 1989. The race started in Dundee and finished in London. [1] The race was won by Robert Millar of the Z-Peugeot team.

  19. 1990 Kellogs Tour of Britain Birmingham to Sheffield via Peak ...

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  20. 1994 Tour of Britain

    The 1994 Tour of Britain was the eighth edition of the Kellogg's Tour of Britain cycle race and was held from 8 August to 12 August 1994. The race started in Glasgow and finished in Manchester. The race was won by Maurizio Fondriest of the Lampre team. Route.

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