Entering or leaving Australia

Australia welcomes millions of overseas visitors each year. Anyone who is not an Australian citizen needs a valid visa to enter the country.

International passenger caps have been removed for all international passenger arrivals into Australia.

All travellers should be aware that: People entering Australia do not need to provide evidence of vaccination status People entering Australia do not need to complete the Digital Passenger Declaration or Maritime Travel Declaration People leaving Australia will not be asked to provide evidence of their vaccination status Unvaccinated visa holders do not ​ need a travel exemption to travel to Australia Mask wearing on international flights to Australia is no longer mandatory . It is important to remember that airlines, vessel operators and other countries may have specific requirements that travellers need to comply with.

Australian Citizens

All Australian citizens must enter and exit Australia on an Australian passport. Your Australian passport must be valid (not expired) on the day of your arrival in Australia. It does not need to have six months remaining validity to enter Australia unless you are passing through a third country that requires it. Citizens are not entitled to a visa, even if you are also a citizen of another country. Please see the  Department of Home Affairs website  for more information. 

Immigration and Visas

All foreign travellers, except New Zealand citizens, must obtain a visa or travel authority before travelling to Australia.

»    Immigration and visas

If you have a specific question, please contact the Department of Home Affairs .

You will also need to know what you can and cannot bring into Australia, knowing the duty-free concession limits and what to experience when travelling through Australian airports and seaports.

Please visit the Department of Home Affairs website for more information.

Plan your trip with  australia.com , the official Tourism Australia website, offering a wide range of travel information and planning tools including over 2000 images, a currency converter, daily weather updates, interactive maps, suggested holiday itineraries, holiday deals, specialist travel agents and more. Available in nine languages.

Tourist Refund Scheme

The  Tourist Refund Scheme  enables you to claim a refund, subject to certain conditions, of the goods and services tax (GST) and wine equalisation tax (WET) that you pay on goods you buy in Australia.

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Travel Advisory September 8, 2023

Australia - level 1: exercise normal precautions.

Reissued with removal of major event information.

Exercise normal precautions in Australia. 

Read the country information page for additional information on travel to Australia.

If you decide to travel to Australia:

  • Enroll in the  Smart Traveler Enrollment Program  ( STEP ) to receive Alerts and make it easier to locate you in an emergency.
  • Follow the Department of State on  Facebook  and  Twitter .
  • Review the  Country Security Report  for Australia.
  • Visit the CDC page for the latest  Travel Health Information  related to your travel.
  • Prepare a contingency plan for emergency situations. Review the  Traveler’s Checklist .

Embassy Messages

View Alerts and Messages Archive

Quick Facts

Must be valid at time of entry

One page required for entry stamp

Amounts over AUD 10,000, or equivalent, must be declared

Embassies and Consulates

U.s. consulate general sydney.

Suite 2, 50 Miller Street North Sydney, NSW 2060 Australia Telephone:  +(61) (2) 2 8219-2100 Emergency After-Hours Telephone: +(61) (2) 4422-2201 Email:   [email protected]

U.S. Embassy Canberra (The Embassy does not provide consular services.) Moonah Place Yarralumla, ACT 2600 Australia Telephone: +(61) (2) 6214-5600 Emergency After-Hours Telephone: +(61) (2) 411-424-608 Fax: +(61) (2) 6214-5970

U.S. Consulate General Melbourne 553 St. Kilda Road Melbourne, VIC 3004 Australia Telephone: +(61) (3) 9526-5900 Emergency After-Hours Telephone: +(61) (3) 9389-3601 Fax: +(61) (3) 9526-5968 Email:   [email protected]

U.S. Consulate General Perth 4th Floor 16 St. George's Terrace Perth, WA 6000 Australia Telephone: +(61) (8) 6144-5100 Emergency After-Hours Telephone: +(61) (8) 9476-0081 Fax: +(61) (8) 9325-5914 Email:  [email protected]

Destination Description

Learn about the U.S. relationship to countries around the world.   

Entry, Exit and Visa Requirements

You must have a valid U.S. passport and a visa or an approved Electronic Travel Authority (ETA) to enter Australia. Most U.S. passport holders traveling to Australia for tourism or business purposes for less than 90 days can obtain an ETA. The ETA is an electronic label-free visa and can be obtained at the ETA website for a small service fee. Airlines and many travel agents in the United States are also able to apply for ETAs on behalf of travelers.

If you overstay your ETA or any other visa, even for short periods, you may be subject to exclusion, detention, and removal by the Australian Department of Home Affairs.

If you are travelling on a valid U.S. ePassport (a passport that contains an electronic chip) and are 16 years of age or older, you are eligible to use Australia’s automated border processing system, SmartGate, upon arrival in Australia (SmartGate kiosks are available only at participating airports). There is no additional enrollment process or fee to use SmartGate. Visit the SmartGate website for more information and for a list of participating airports in Australia.

Visit the Embassy of Australia website for the most current visa information.  

HIV/AIDS restrictions. Some HIV/AIDS entry restrictions exist for visitors and foreigners seeking permanent residence in Australia. Depending on the type of visa you apply for, the length of your stay, and your intended activities in Australia, you may be required to undergo a medical examination before the Australian Department of Home Affairs will issue you a visa.

If you are in the application process, and are found to be HIV positive, a decision on the application will be considered on the same grounds as any other pre-existing medical condition (such as tuberculosis or cancer), with the focus on the cost to Australia’s health care and community services.

Additional information about Australian immigration health requirements can be found here.

Please verify this information with the Embassy of Australia in Washington D.C. before you travel. 

Find information on dual nationality , prevention of international child abduction and customs regulations on our websites.

Safety and Security

Terrorism: Terrorists have targeted, and could continue to target, Australia.

  • Australia has an alert system for possible terrorist attacks. The threat levels range from “not expected” to “certain.” The Australian National Security website has up-to-date information regarding the current terrorism threat level. You may also contact the Australian National Security Hotline at 61-1-800-123-400.
  • U.S. citizens in Australia should remain vigilant toward their personal security and exercise caution.
  • Australian law protects the right of individuals and groups to engage in peaceful protest and to publicly express their views. Demonstrations and political rallies are generally approved by local authorities and well publicized. However, please be cautious of any possible confrontation that could escalate into violence. You should attempt to avoid the areas of demonstrations and be careful within the vicinity of any demonstrations. You should stay current with media coverage of local events and always be aware of your surroundings.
  • You should be aware that robberies, burglaries, assault, and auto theft are common in Australia’s larger cities.
  • Foreign visitors in popular tourist areas are targets for pickpockets, purse-snatchers, and petty thieves. Most petty crime can be avoided if basic security precautions are taken.
  • Be careful when visiting bars or clubs in the entertainment areas of major cities, as “bar brawls” and other assaults sometimes occur. You should watch out for drink spiking when consuming alcohol with unfamiliar people.

See the Department of State and the FBI pages for information on scams.

Victims of Crime:

  • Report crimes to the local police at 000 and contact the U.S. Consulate in your district.
  • The local authorities are responsible for investigating and prosecuting crimes.
  • See our webpage on help for U.S. victims of crime overseas .
  • Assist you in reporting a crime to the police.
  • Help you find appropriate medical care.
  • Contact relatives or friends with your written consent.
  • Explain the local criminal justice process in general terms.
  • Provide a list of local attorneys.
  • Provide information on victim’s compensation programs in the U.S.
  • Provide information about Australian Victim Assistance programs.
  • Provide an emergency loan for repatriation to the United States and/or limited medical support in cases of destitution.
  • Help you find accommodation and arrange flights home.
  • Replace a stolen or lost passport.

Domestic Violence: U.S. citizen victims of domestic violence may contact the U.S. consulate in your district for assistance.

Tourism: The tourism industry is generally regulated, and rules and safety inspections are regularly enforced. Hazardous areas/activities are identified with appropriate signage, and professional staff is typically on hand in support of organized activities. In the event of an injury, appropriate medical treatment is widely available throughout the country. Outside of a major metropolitan center, it may take more time for first responders and medical professionals to stabilize a patient and provide life-saving assistance. U.S. citizens are encouraged to purchase medical evacuation insurance. See our webpage for more information on insurance providers for overseas coverage .

Local Laws & Special Circumstances

Criminal Penalties: You are subject to local laws. If you violate local laws, even unknowingly, you may be expelled, arrested, imprisoned or deported.

  • It is illegal to take pictures of certain buildings, such as inside certain areas of Australian airports, near prisons, and at military bases.
  • Furthermore, some laws are also prosecutable in the United States, regardless of local law. For examples, see our website on crimes against minors abroad and the Department of Justice website.

Alcohol and Drugs:

  • Penalties for possession, use, or trafficking of drugs are strict. Convicted offenders can expect lengthy sentences and fines. Please see Australia’s Department of Health webpage for further information. 
  • Driving under the influence of alcohol can result in jail time.
  • Random breath testing of a driver's blood alcohol level is a common occurrence.

Arrest Notification: If you are arrested or detained, ask police or prison officials to notify the U.S. Embassy immediately. See our webpage for further information.

Potential Health Screening: Australian authorities have broad powers to prevent the entry of diseases and other materials into Australia that might pose a threat to its welfare. In the event of a public health emergency involving a communicable disease, passengers arriving in Australia may be subject to strict health screening measures, including testing, monitoring, and assessment for possible quarantine.

Customs: Australian customs authorities enforce very strict regulations concerning the importation from all countries of items such as agricultural goods, including plants and food products, and wood products, as well as very strict quarantine standards for animals and pets. Can you bring it in?

Contact the Embassy of Australia in Washington, D.C., or one of Australia's consulates in the United States for specific information regarding customs requirements, and visit the Australian Government’s Department of Agriculture website for additional information.

Natural Disasters:

Australia experiences a range of natural disasters, including bushfires, floods, and severe storms. These events are difficult to predict and can result in loss of life. You should be aware of conditions around you and monitor local weather and safety reports so you can take appropriate action when needed.

See our Natural Disasters pages for information on storm preparedness and response.

Safety Concerns:

Outdoor Recreation/Adventure

  • Be aware that Australian fauna can be dangerous. From jellyfish to crocodiles, sharks, poisonous insects, and snakes, the continent and its waters host wildlife that merit awe and respect in equal doses.
  • Visit the Wet Tropics Management Authority visitor information guide for information on Australian wildlife and marine life.
  • Take important safety precautions when swimming, such as swimming only between the flags where a lifeguard is present, and never swimming alone.
  • Further information on beach safety can be found on the Surf Life Saving website.

Follow recommended precautions when snorkeling and scuba diving and never dive alone. Over the past few years, there have been numerous deaths related to snorkeling and scuba diving incidents.

Faith-Based Travelers : See the following webpages for details:

  • Faith-Based Travel Information
  • International Religious Freedom Report – see country reports
  • Human Rights Report – see country reports
  • Hajj Fact Sheet for Travelers
  • Best Practices for Volunteering Abroad

LGBTI Travelers: There are no legal restrictions on same-sex sexual relations or the organization of LGBTI events in Australia. Australian federal law prohibits discrimination based on sexual orientation.

As of December 9, 2017 Australia defines marriage as “the union between two people.” Australia grants temporary and permanent visas to same-sex partners of Australian citizens.

See our LGBTI Travel Information page and section 6 of our Human Rights report for further details.

Travelers Who Require Accessibility Assistance

  • Australia enforces laws prohibiting discrimination against access to premises, facilities, and accommodation.
  • Many of the downtown areas of Australian cities were built in the 1800s. These areas often have narrow sidewalks crowded with pedestrians and tourists.
  • Most public transit, parking, streets, and buildings are accessible for disabled travelers.
  • Tourist spots at the beach or in the Australian outback can have varying degrees of accessibility.
  • Many accommodations and venues provide accessibility information on their websites.

Students: See our Students Abroad page and FBI travel tips .

Women Travelers: See our travel tips for Women Travelers .

For emergency services in Australia, dial 000.

Ambulance services are widely available.

We do not pay medical bills.  Be aware that U.S. Medicare/Medicaid does not apply overseas. Most hospitals and doctors overseas do not accept U.S. health insurance.

  • Excellent medical care is available in Australia.
  • Doctors and hospitals often expect immediate cash payment for health services.
  • Serious medical problems requiring hospitalization and/or medical evacuation to the United States can cost hundreds of thousands of dollars.

Medical Insurance:  Make sure your health insurance plan provides coverage overseas. Most care providers overseas only accept cash payments. See our webpage for more information on insurance providers for overseas coverage. Visit the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention for more information on type of insurance you should consider before you travel overseas.


  • If traveling with prescription medication, check with the government of  Australia  to ensure the medication is  legal in   Australia .
  • Always, carry your prescription medication in original packaging with your doctor’s prescription

Vaccinations: Be up-to-date on all vaccinations recommended by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Further health information:

  • World Health Organization
  • U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)

Air Quality: Visit AirNow Department of State for information on air quality at U.S. Embassies and Consulates.

The U.S. Embassy maintains a list of hospitals and a link to the Australian National Health Services Directory at Medical Assistance - U.S. Embassy & Consulates in Australia (usembassy.gov) . We do not endorse or recommend any specific medical provider or clinic.

Medical Tourism and Elective Surgery

  • Visit the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website for information on Medical Tourism, the risks of medical tourism, and what you can do to prepare before traveling to Australia.


  • U.S. Customs and Border Protection and the Food and Drug Administration are responsible for rules governing the transport of medication back to the United States. Medication purchased abroad must meet their requirements to be legally brought back into the United States. Medication should be for personal use and must be approved for usage in the United States. Please visit the U.S. Customs and Border Protection and the Food and Drug Administration websites for more information.  

Adventure Travel

  • Visit the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website for more information about Adventure Travel .

Air Quality

Air pollution is a significant problem during certain months in Australia due to bush fires. Consider the impact seasonal bush fire season pollution may have on your health and consult your doctor before traveling.

The air quality varies considerably and changes with the season. It is typically at its worst in the bush fire season. People at the greatest risk from particle pollution exposure include:

  • Infants, children, and teens
  • People over 65 years of age
  • People with lung disease such as asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), which includes chronic bronchitis and emphysema;
  • People with heart disease or diabetes
  • People who work or are active outdoors

Travel and Transportation

Road Conditions and Safety:

  • Traffic operates on the left side of the road, and all vehicles use right-hand drive.
  • Use caution when crossing streets and when driving.
  • When crossing roads on foot, make sure you look carefully in all directions.
  • Seat belt use by drivers and all passengers is mandatory, and fines apply for not wearing them.
  • Motorcyclists must wear helmets.
  • Speed limits and laws are rigorously enforced. Speed limits vary throughout Australia and are measured in kilometers, not miles. Be aware that speed cameras are everywhere and you will be ticketed for driving over the speed limit.
  • Roads and streets are frequently narrower and less graded than U.S. highways.
  • Outside major metropolitan areas, most highways are two-lane roads with significant distances between destinations.
  • When driving in Australia, exercise caution while passing or merging with adjacent traffic.
  • If driving in rural areas, be alert to free-roaming animals, such as kangaroos, and "road-trains" (several semi-truck trailers connected together).
  • Passing road-trains is dangerous, and you should pull over to allow on-coming road-trains to pass to avoid being sideswiped.
  • If you have no experience with a 4-wheel drive vehicle, you should exercise common-sense when driving in the Australian outback.

Traffic Laws:

  • Each state/territory has different rules about using a foreign driver’s license and the conditions under which a visitor might have to get an international driver’s license. More information about  driving rules and regulations is available by state .
  • Texting or holding your phone while driving is against the law in Australia, but you can use a hands-free system to communicate while driving.
  • For specific information concerning Australian driving permits, vehicle inspection, road tax, mandatory insurance, and the rental and operation of motor vehicles in Australia, visit the  Australian Tourist Commission website.

Public Transportation:  Australia has an extensive and safe public transportation network consisting of buses, streetcars, ferries, trains, and subways. Metered taxis and ride sharing services are also prevalent. Use common sense safety practices, such as guarding valuables and remaining aware of your surroundings, on all public transportation.

See our  Road Safety page  for more information.

Aviation Safety Oversight:  The U.S. Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) has assessed the government of Australia’s Civil Aviation Authority as being in compliance with International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) aviation safety standards for oversight of Australia’s air carrier operations. Further information may be found on the  FAA’s safety assessment page .

Maritime Travel: Mariners planning travel to Australia should also check for U.S. maritime advisories and alerts . Information may also be posted to the U.S. Coast Guard homeport website , and the  NGA broadcast warnings website  portal select “broadcast warnings”.

For additional travel information

  • Enroll in the  Smart Traveler Enrollment Program (STEP)  to receive security messages and make it easier to locate you in an emergency.
  • Call us in Washington, D.C. at 1-888-407-4747 (toll-free in the United States and Canada) or 1-202-501-4444 (from all other countries) from 8:00 a.m. to 8:00 p.m., Eastern Standard Time, Monday through Friday (except U.S. federal holidays).
  • See the  State Department’s travel website  for the  Worldwide Caution  and  Travel Advisories .
  • Follow us on  Twitter  and  Facebook .
  • See  traveling safely abroad  for useful travel tips.

Review information about International Parental Child Abduction in Australia .  For additional IPCA-related information, please see the  International Child Abduction Prevention and Return Act ( ICAPRA )  report.

Travel Advisory Levels

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Guadeloupe, Martinique, Saint Martin, and Saint Barthélemy (French West Indies)


Isle of Man

Israel, The West Bank and Gaza


Marshall Islands


New Caledonia

New Zealand

North Korea (Democratic People's Republic of Korea)

Papua New Guinea


Republic of North Macedonia

Republic of the Congo

Saint Kitts and Nevis

Saint Lucia

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Sao Tome and Principe

Saudi Arabia

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Sint Maarten

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South Africa

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Trinidad and Tobago


Turks and Caicos Islands

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External Link

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COVID-19 and travel

Find out about travel requirements and steps you can take to stay safe.

Domestic travel within Australia

Domestic travel requirements are determined by state and territory governments. Check the websites of local health departments for information about travel to:

  • Australian Capital Territory
  • New South Wales
  • Northern Territory
  • South Australia
  • Western Australia .

Travelling overseas

The Australian Government does not currently have any COVID-19 requirements in place for travellers entering and departing Australia.

COVID-19 however continues to pose a health risk in Australia and overseas. We strongly encourage wearing masks and being vaccinated while travelling internationally. You should practice good cough and hand hygiene, and physically distance from others where possible.

Some countries, airlines and vessel operators may have COVID-19 travel requirements in place. Check the requirements of any:

  • countries you are travelling to, or transiting through
  • airlines or vessel operators.

Smartraveller website

  • Australian Government – international travel information .

Travel insurance

Travel insurance is important if you become sick with COVID-19 overseas. Make sure your insurance includes:

  • transit destinations
  • inclusions for COVID-19
  • other add-ons like cruise specific insurance.

Some destinations also require travellers to hold travel insurance as a condition of entry.

Cruise travel

Check with your cruise provider or travel agent for up-to-date travel requirements for your ship and destination/s. You can also contact the relevant state or territory government to find out if any requirements apply for your destination.

Outbreaks onboard a cruise

Cruise ships carry a higher risk for spreading disease compared to other types of travel. COVID-19, influenza, and other infectious diseases spread easily between people living and socialising in close quarters.

If an outbreak of COVID-19 occurs on your cruise, you may need to:

  • quarantine on the ship
  • disembark and follow the local rules in the state or territory or country you are in.

Before you travel, check the  Smartraveller advice on cruises . Contact your travel agent or cruise operator for specific information on their COVID-19 safety protocols.

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Australia Travel Restrictions

Traveler's COVID-19 vaccination status

Traveling from the United States to Australia

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Not required for vaccinated visitors


Not required in public spaces.

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Can I travel to Australia from the United States?

Most visitors from the United States, regardless of vaccination status, can enter Australia.

Can I travel to Australia if I am vaccinated?

Fully vaccinated visitors from the United States can enter Australia without restrictions.

Can I travel to Australia without being vaccinated?

Unvaccinated visitors from the United States can enter Australia without restrictions.

Do I need a COVID test to enter Australia?

Visitors from the United States are not required to present a negative COVID-19 PCR test or antigen result upon entering Australia.

Can I travel to Australia without quarantine?

Travelers from the United States are not required to quarantine.

Do I need to wear a mask in Australia?

Mask usage in Australia is not required in public spaces.

Are the restaurants and bars open in Australia?

Restaurants in Australia are open. Bars in Australia are .

Healthdirect Free Australian health advice you can count on.

Medical problem? Call 1800 022 222. If you need urgent medical help, call triple zero immediately

healthdirect Australia is a free service where you can talk to a nurse or doctor who can help you know what to do.

Travel and COVID-19

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If you develop symptoms such as severe shortness of breath or chest pain, call triple zero (000) immediately. Tell the phone operator and the paramedics on arrival if you have COVID-19.

How to avoid catching COVID-19 including getting vaccinated, wearing masks and physical distancing.

Does Australia have COVID-19 travel restrictions?

Travelling to australia.

People travelling to Australia no longer need to show proof of COVID-19 vaccination or a negative COVID-19 test result.

Some countries, airlines and ships may have their own testing, vaccination and face-mask rules. You should check with them before travelling.

During your travel to Australia, you’re encouraged to wear a face mask to reduce your risk of getting and spreading COVID-19.

For more information, visit the Department of Home Affairs website.

Travelling interstate

You can freely travel within and between Australia’s states and territories. However, some remote communities may restrict who can enter and leave them.

Learn more about travelling in Australia:

  • Australian Capital Territory
  • New South Wales
  • Northern Territory
  • South Australia
  • Western Australia

Do other countries have COVID-19 travel restrictions?

Some countries may have COVID-19 entry and exit rules. You may need to:

  • show proof of COVID-19 vaccination
  • show proof of a negative COVID-19 test result
  • show proof of COVID-19 travel insurance
  • quarantine for a certain time on arrival

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Travel to australia during covid-19: what you need to know before you go.

Australia's tough border controls have worked in its favor during the pandemic.

Editor’s Note: Coronavirus cases are in flux across the globe. Health officials caution that staying home is the best way to stem transmission until you’re fully vaccinated. Below is information on what to know if you still plan to travel, last updated on June 10.

If you’re planning a trip to Australia, here’s what you’ll need to know and expect if you want to visit during the global coronavirus pandemic.

Australia reopened its borders to fully vaccinated tourists on February 21, having previously had some of the most stringent entry regulations on the planet.

However, this doesn’t mean the entire country is a free-for-all. Those border regulations are at a national level. Once you’re in the country, different states and regions have their own regulations, including testing requirements which were dropped at a national level on April 18.

What’s on offer

Are you looking for wild open spaces? World-class beaches? A thrumming food and drinks scene? Australia has all of that in spades. From Uluru to the Sydney Opera House, its icons span the Outback to the cities, sacred spaces to cultural centers. Plus, of course, there’s that laidback, beach-driven lifestyle.

Australia opened its borders to fully vaccinated tourists on February 21, although the different states have different requirements (see below).

A ban on cruise ship entry ended April 17.

Entry requirements

All arrivals to Australia, other than those from the countries listed below, must be fully vaccinated – with the final vaccination having taken place more than a week before travel. A certificate in English must be presented, with the vaccine brand name, dates of vaccination, and passport name and date of birth (or passport number) of the traveler.

Since April 18, there is no need to present a negative pre-departure test. However, arrivals must still complete a Digital Passenger Declaration within 72 hours of departure, and masks must be worn on flights into the country. Be aware that you may still need to test to enter any transit countries en route.

If arriving by sea, you must complete a Maritime Travel Declaration instead of a Digital Passenger Declaration.

Children under 11 are treated as if they are fully vaccinated. Those aged 12 to 17 are treated as such if they are traveling with at least one fully vaccinated adult. Be aware that individual state regulations may require unvaccinated children to quarantine on arrival – you can check individual states’ requirements here . Children under 11 don’t need to wear a mask on the flight to Australia.

The previous strict quarantine regulations have been dropped at a national level, meaning that individual states and territories must take their own decisions. See “Testing and quarantining on arrival” on this page from the Australian government’s website for details, state by state. For instance, both New South Wales and South Australia require an antigen test within 24 hours of arrival and isolation until you receive the result. Queensland has the same rules, but mandates that you must use private transport to your place of isolation, while Western Australia limits travel to remote Aboriginal communities until June 15, after which date communities may still impose their own restrictions.

Australian citizens and permanent residents do not have to be vaccinated to enter the country. For medical exemptions for unvaccinated visitors, see here .

US CDC Travel Advisory:

Level 3: High. Make sure your vaccines are up to date. There have been nearly 7.6 million cases and 8,959 deaths as of June 10.

Useful links

Digital Passenger Declaration

Covid-19 travel restrictions

Travel exemptions

Travel FAQs

Our recent coverage

Australia is a country of superlatives. Start with our list of essential places to go, or check out what we think are the most beautiful places in Australia. Are you really into Instagram? You’ll want to visit Perth, and its specially designated Instagram shed .

And if you’re feeling sentimental, here’s a story about a couple who met by chance on Byron Bay .

CNN’s Julia Buckley, Sophie Jeong, Mia Alberti and Angus Watson contributed to this report


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Travel Advice for Indonesia

From 14 February, the Bali Provincial Government will apply a new tourist levy of IDR 150,000 per person to foreign tourists entering Bali. The tourist levy is separate from the e-Visa on Arrival or the Visa on Arrival. Cashless payments can be made online prior to travel or on arrival at designated payment counters at Bali's airport and seaport.

Consular assistance

The Consular Services Charter outlines the consular services and assistance provided by the Australian Government to travellers overseas. Read the Charter to understand how we can and can't help. 

Consular Services Charter (PDF 195.79 KB)

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Do you need a document legalised, or a Certificate of No Impediment for your upcoming marriage? The Australian Government can provide some notarial services.

Travel insurance

 If you're going overseas, travel insurance is as important as a passport. If you can't afford travel insurance, you can't afford to travel. Read our advice, and download the CHOICE travel insurance guide before you go.

CHOICE travel insurance buying guide 2023 (PDF 3.52 MB)

News and updates

Travelling during lunar new year.

Lunar New Year is one of the most significant celebrations for East and Southeast Asian cultures. If you're travelling to or through a destination that celebrates the festival, do your research and know what to expect.

Prescription drugs and travel

Every year, Australians travelling overseas need consular help due to carrying or using prescription drugs illegally.

New survey shows concerning travel insurance trends

A new survey has revealed a concerning trend of uninsured travel among Australians. Many people are putting themselves at risk by travelling overseas without protection. 

Stay safe this festive season

With the festive season approaching, many Australians are heading overseas for a well-earned break or to visit family and friends. Although it's not festive to think about, some risks are greater during the holiday season.


Travel advice explained

Learn what our advice levels mean and how we decide what level to apply to each destination. 

Passport services

With passport demand on the rise, don't leave your application to the last minute.

Allow a minimum of six weeks to get a new passport or renew one.

Coming back to Australia

Know what to do and what expect when you're heading home from your trip overseas. 

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All COVID-19 border restrictions to be lifted

​People travelling to Australia will no longer have to complete a Digital Passenger Declaration (DPD) to declare their COVID-19 vaccination status, following changes to the Biosecurity Act, which come into effect from midnight AEST on Wednesday 6 July 2022.

“This is great news for families coming home from school holidays who now don’t need to use the DPD,” Minister for Home Affairs, Clare O’Neil, said.

The Biosecurity Act changes, which were made following health advice from the Chief Medical Officer, also mean that all visa holders can travel to Australia without needing a travel exemption.

“As more and more of us travel internationally and we get more confident in managing our risk of COVID, our airports are getting busier,” Minister O’Neil said.

“Removing these requirements will not only reduce delays in our airports but will encourage more visitors and skilled workers to choose Australia as a destination.

“And for Australian citizens, with the removal of these requirements, returning home will be much easier.

“I know anyone who has travelled internationally since the borders have opened will find this as one less thing to worry about – especially as more Australians get back to travelling overseas.

“We’ve also listened to feedback about the DPD. While in time it will replace the paper based incoming passenger card, it needs a lot more work to make it user friendly”

Those arriving by sea will also benefit, and no longer need to complete a Maritime Travel Declaration. Airlines, cruise ship operators and other countries may still have specific requirements that travellers need to comply with.

Australians planning to travel overseas are encouraged to check current travel advice by visiting Smartraveller .

For more information on the changes to international travel requirements visit: www.homeaffairs.gov.au/covid19 .

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How to plan an outback road trip


  • Australian visa information
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Australian Visa and Entry Requirements FAQs

Learn about visa requirements for entry to Australia for tourism purposes with this list of frequently asked questions. 

Please note this page is intended to provide general information only and does not constitute legal advice. Tourism Australia is not the Australian government visa granting authority. For information on visas to enter Australia, visitors should seek the most up-to-date information from Australian Government Department of Home Affairs .*

Ready to plan your trip? We're ready to welcome you! Here are some helpful tips for getting your visa sorted: 

  • Be sure to secure the appropriate visa before travelling to Australia. Use the Visa Finder to explore your options.
  • Ensure all details are correct and provide all required documents when you apply. An incomplete or incorrect application can delay your visa.
  • Submitting multiple applications at the same time can slow the process. For visitor visas, submit one application per person, including children. 
  • Questions? The Australian Government's Global Service Centre can help.

Australian Visa Information

Unless you are an Australian citizen, you will need a valid Australian visa to enter the country. New Zealand passport holders can apply for a visa upon arrival in the country. All other passport holders, regardless of age, must apply for a visa before leaving home. You can apply for a range of Australian visa types, including tourist visas and working holiday visas, via the ETA app or on the  Department of Home Affairs website.

There are different Australian visa types available for travellers to Australia. Knowing which Australian visa to apply for depends on the length of your stay, your passport and the purpose of your visit. You’ll also need to meet certain financial and medical requirements, be outside of Australia when applying and maintain health insurance for the duration of your stay. 

Electronic Travel Authority visa  (subclass 601) This visa allows you to visit Australia as many times as you want, for up to a year, and stay for three months each visit. This visa is available to passport holders from a number of countries and regions, who live outside Australia. A step-by-step guide on how to apply is  here .

All ETA-eligible passport holders must apply for an ETA using the Australian ETA app. Agents can assist you in the application process, but you must be physically present as a live facial image is required.

eVisitor  (subclass 651) This is a free visa for multiple visits to Australia for tourism or business purposes for up to three months at a time within a 12-month period. This visa is available to passport holders from a number of European countries and it cannot be extended.

Visitor visa  (subclass 600) The Visitor visa allows you to visit Australia, either for tourism or business purposes. It is open to all nationalities. Generally, a period of stay of up to three months is granted, but up to 12 months may be granted in certain circumstances. Applicants will have to pay a fee to submit their application.

The application process may differ depending on which visa you need.

You can only apply for the  Electronic Travel Authority visa  (subclass 601) through the Australian ETA app. A step-by-step guide on how to apply is located  here .

For other visas, you can apply online by creating an ImmiAccount and completing the application process. Be sure to submit your application well in advance of your travel date to allow enough time for processing. You may be asked to provide further supporting information. You will be notified in writing if your tourist visa is approved and it will be digitally linked to your passport. For more information on different visa types, and Australian visa requirements including how to apply for an Australian visa, visit the  Department of Home Affairs  website.

If you are already in Australia and hold a valid Electronic Travel Authority visa (subclass 601) you can extend your stay by applying for another visa, such as a Visitor visa (subclass 600). An eVisitor (subclass 651) cannot be extended.

See the Department of Home Affairs website for details.

Working Holiday Visas

Australia's Working Holiday Maker program allows visitors aged under 30 (or 35 in certain cases) who hold a passport from a participating country to travel and work in Australia. Working holiday visas are valid for one year, or up to three years if you meet certain conditions.

Find out more about working holiday visas here .

*Australian visa regulations (including visa application charges) change from time to time. The information provided here is valid at the time of publication, but visitors should check this information is still current by visiting the Australian Department of Home Affairs .

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Australia Traveler View

Travel health notices, vaccines and medicines, non-vaccine-preventable diseases, stay healthy and safe.

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After Your Trip

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Check the vaccines and medicines list and visit your doctor at least a month before your trip to get vaccines or medicines you may need. If you or your doctor need help finding a location that provides certain vaccines or medicines, visit the Find a Clinic page.

Routine vaccines


Make sure you are up-to-date on all routine vaccines before every trip. Some of these vaccines include

  • Chickenpox (Varicella)
  • Diphtheria-Tetanus-Pertussis
  • Flu (influenza)
  • Measles-Mumps-Rubella (MMR)

Immunization schedules

All eligible travelers should be up to date with their COVID-19 vaccines. Please see  Your COVID-19 Vaccination  for more information. 

COVID-19 vaccine

Hepatitis B

Recommended for unvaccinated travelers younger than 60 years old traveling to Australia. Unvaccinated travelers 60 years and older may get vaccinated before traveling to Australia.

Hepatitis B - CDC Yellow Book

Dosing info - Hep B

Japanese Encephalitis

Japanese encephalitis is mainly a concern in the Murray River, and the Outer Torres Strait Islands area.

Recommended for travelers who

  • Are moving to an area with Japanese encephalitis to live
  • Spend long periods of time, such as a month or more, in areas with Japanese encephalitis
  • Frequently travel to areas with Japanese encephalitis

Consider vaccination for travelers

  • Spending less than a month in areas with Japanese encephalitis but will be doing activities that increase risk of infection, such as visiting rural areas, hiking or camping, or staying in places without air conditioning, screens, or bed nets
  • Going to areas with Japanese encephalitis who are uncertain of their activities or how long they will be there

Not recommended for travelers planning short-term travel to urban areas or traveling at times outside of the Japanese encephalitis season.

Japanese encephalitis (CDC Yellow Book)

Japanese Encephalitis Vaccine for US Children

Infants 6 to 11 months old traveling internationally should get 1 dose of measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine before travel. This dose does not count as part of the routine childhood vaccination series.

Measles (Rubeola) - CDC Yellow Book

Australia is free of dog rabies. However, rabies may still be present in wildlife species, particularly bats. CDC recommends rabies vaccination before travel only for people working directly with wildlife. These people may include veterinarians, animal handlers, field biologists, or laboratory workers working with specimens from mammalian species.

Rabies - CDC Yellow Book

Yellow Fever

Required for travelers ≥1 year old arriving from countries with risk for YF virus transmission; this includes >12-hour airport transits or layovers in countries with risk for YF virus transmission. 1 Travelers arriving from the Galápagos Islands of Ecuador are exempt from this requirement.

Yellow Fever - CDC Yellow Book

Avoid contaminated water


How most people get sick (most common modes of transmission)

  • Touching urine or other body fluids from an animal infected with leptospirosis
  • Swimming or wading in urine-contaminated fresh water, or contact with urine-contaminated mud
  • Drinking water or eating food contaminated with animal urine
  • Avoid contaminated water and soil

Clinical Guidance

Avoid bug bites.

  • Mosquito bite

Dengue outbreaks in Australia have only occurred in north and central Queensland.

  • Avoid Bug Bites

Ross River virus disease

Ross River fever

Airborne & droplet

  • Breathing in air or accidentally eating food contaminated with the urine, droppings, or saliva of infected rodents
  • Bite from an infected rodent
  • Less commonly, being around someone sick with hantavirus (only occurs with Andes virus)
  • Avoid rodents and areas where they live
  • Avoid sick people

Tuberculosis (TB)

  • Breathe in TB bacteria that is in the air from an infected and contagious person coughing, speaking, or singing.

Learn actions you can take to stay healthy and safe on your trip. Vaccines cannot protect you from many diseases in Australia, so your behaviors are important.

Eat and drink safely

Food and water standards around the world vary based on the destination. Standards may also differ within a country and risk may change depending on activity type (e.g., hiking versus business trip). You can learn more about safe food and drink choices when traveling by accessing the resources below.

  • Choose Safe Food and Drinks When Traveling
  • Water Treatment Options When Hiking, Camping or Traveling
  • Global Water, Sanitation and Hygiene | Healthy Water
  • Avoid Contaminated Water During Travel

You can also visit the  Department of State Country Information Pages  for additional information about food and water safety.

Prevent bug bites

Although Australia is an industrialized country, bug bites here can still spread diseases. Just as you would in the United States, try to avoid bug bites while spending time outside or in wooded areas.

What can I do to prevent bug bites?

  • Cover exposed skin by wearing long-sleeved shirts, long pants, and hats.
  • Use an appropriate insect repellent (see below).
  • Consider using permethrin-treated clothing and gear if spending a lot of time outside. Do not use permethrin directly on skin.

What type of insect repellent should I use?

  • FOR PROTECTION AGAINST TICKS AND MOSQUITOES: Use a repellent that contains 20% or more DEET for protection that lasts up to several hours.
  • Picaridin (also known as KBR 3023, Bayrepel, and icaridin)
  • Oil of lemon eucalyptus (OLE) or para-menthane-diol (PMD)
  • 2-undecanone
  • Always use insect repellent as directed.

What should I do if I am bitten by bugs?

  • Avoid scratching bug bites, and apply hydrocortisone cream or calamine lotion to reduce the itching.
  • Check your entire body for ticks after outdoor activity. Be sure to remove ticks properly.

What can I do to avoid bed bugs?

Although bed bugs do not carry disease, they are an annoyance. See our information page about avoiding bug bites for some easy tips to avoid them. For more information on bed bugs, see Bed Bugs .

For more detailed information on avoiding bug bites, see Avoid Bug Bites .

Stay safe outdoors

If your travel plans in Australia include outdoor activities, take these steps to stay safe and healthy during your trip:

  • Stay alert to changing weather conditions and adjust your plans if conditions become unsafe.
  • Prepare for activities by wearing the right clothes and packing protective items, such as bug spray, sunscreen, and a basic first aid kit.
  • Consider learning basic first aid and CPR before travel. Bring a travel health kit with items appropriate for your activities.
  • If you are outside for many hours in the heat, eat salty snacks and drink water to stay hydrated and replace salt lost through sweating.
  • Protect yourself from UV radiation : use sunscreen with an SPF of at least 15, wear protective clothing, and seek shade during the hottest time of day (10 a.m.–4 p.m.).
  • Be especially careful during summer months and at high elevation. Because sunlight reflects off snow, sand, and water, sun exposure may be increased during activities like skiing, swimming, and sailing.
  • Very cold temperatures can be dangerous. Dress in layers and cover heads, hands, and feet properly if you are visiting a cold location.

Stay safe around water

  • Swim only in designated swimming areas. Obey lifeguards and warning flags on beaches.
  • Do not dive into shallow water.
  • Avoid swallowing water when swimming. Untreated water can carry germs that make you sick.
  • Practice safe boating—follow all boating safety laws, do not drink alcohol if you are driving a boat, and always wear a life jacket.

Keep away from animals

Most animals avoid people, but they may attack if they feel threatened, are protecting their young or territory, or if they are injured or ill. Animal bites and scratches can lead to serious diseases such as rabies.

Follow these tips to protect yourself:

  • Do not touch or feed any animals you do not know.
  • Do not allow animals to lick open wounds, and do not get animal saliva in your eyes or mouth.
  • Avoid rodents and their urine and feces.
  • Traveling pets should be supervised closely and not allowed to come in contact with local animals.
  • If you wake in a room with a bat, seek medical care immediately.  Bat bites may be hard to see.

All animals can pose a threat, but be extra careful around dogs, bats, monkeys, sea animals such as jellyfish, and snakes. If you are bitten or scratched by an animal, immediately:

  • Wash the wound with soap and clean water.
  • Go to a doctor right away.
  • Tell your doctor about your injury when you get back to the United States.

Reduce your exposure to germs

Follow these tips to avoid getting sick or spreading illness to others while traveling:

  • Wash your hands often, especially before eating.
  • If soap and water aren’t available, clean hands with hand sanitizer (containing at least 60% alcohol).
  • Don’t touch your eyes, nose, or mouth. If you need to touch your face, make sure your hands are clean.
  • Cover your mouth and nose with a tissue or your sleeve (not your hands) when coughing or sneezing.
  • Try to avoid contact with people who are sick.
  • If you are sick, stay home or in your hotel room, unless you need medical care.

Avoid sharing body fluids

Diseases can be spread through body fluids, such as saliva, blood, vomit, and semen.

Protect yourself:

  • Use latex condoms correctly.
  • Do not inject drugs.
  • Limit alcohol consumption. People take more risks when intoxicated.
  • Do not share needles or any devices that can break the skin. That includes needles for tattoos, piercings, and acupuncture.
  • If you receive medical or dental care, make sure the equipment is disinfected or sanitized.

Know how to get medical care while traveling

Plan for how you will get health care during your trip, should the need arise:

  • Carry a list of local doctors and hospitals at your destination.
  • Review your health insurance plan to determine what medical services it would cover during your trip. Consider purchasing travel health and medical evacuation insurance for things your regular insurance will not cover.
  • Carry a card that identifies, in the local language, your blood type, chronic conditions or serious allergies, and the generic names of any medicines you take.
  • Bring copies of your prescriptions for medicine and for eye glasses and contact lenses.
  • Some prescription drugs may be illegal in other countries. Call Australia’s embassy to verify that all of your prescription(s) are legal to bring with you.
  • Bring all the medicines (including over-the-counter medicines) you think you might need during your trip, including extra in case of travel delays. Ask your doctor to help you get prescriptions filled early if you need to.

Many foreign hospitals and clinics are accredited by the Joint Commission International. A list of accredited facilities is available at their website ( www.jointcommissioninternational.org ).

Select safe transportation

Motor vehicle crashes are the #1 killer of healthy US citizens in foreign countries.

Be smart when you are traveling on foot.

  • Use sidewalks and marked crosswalks.
  • Pay attention to the traffic around you, especially in crowded areas.
  • Remember, people on foot do not always have the right of way in other countries.


Choose a safe vehicle.

  • Choose official taxis or public transportation, such as trains and buses.
  • Make sure there are seatbelts.
  • Avoid overcrowded, overloaded, top-heavy buses and minivans.
  • Avoid riding on motorcycles or motorbikes, especially motorbike taxis. (Many crashes are caused by inexperienced motorbike drivers.)
  • Choose newer vehicles—they may have more safety features, such as airbags, and be more reliable.
  • Choose larger vehicles, which may provide more protection in crashes.

Think about the driver.

  • Do not drive after drinking alcohol or ride with someone who has been drinking.
  • Consider hiring a licensed, trained driver familiar with the area.
  • Arrange payment before departing.

Follow basic safety tips.

  • Wear a seatbelt at all times.
  • Sit in the back seat of cars and taxis.
  • When on motorbikes or bicycles, always wear a helmet. (Bring a helmet from home, if needed.)
  • Do not use a cell phone or text while driving (illegal in many countries).
  • Travel during daylight hours only, especially in rural areas.
  • If you choose to drive a vehicle in Australia, learn the local traffic laws and have the proper paperwork.
  • Get any driving permits and insurance you may need. Get an International Driving Permit (IDP). Carry the IDP and a US-issued driver's license at all times.
  • Check with your auto insurance policy's international coverage, and get more coverage if needed. Make sure you have liability insurance.
  • Avoid using local, unscheduled aircraft.
  • If possible, fly on larger planes (more than 30 seats); larger airplanes are more likely to have regular safety inspections.
  • Try to schedule flights during daylight hours and in good weather.

Helpful Resources

Road Safety Overseas (Information from the US Department of State): Includes tips on driving in other countries, International Driving Permits, auto insurance, and other resources.

The Association for International Road Travel has country-specific Road Travel Reports available for most countries for a minimal fee.

Traffic flows on the left side of the road in Australia.

  • Always pay close attention to the flow of traffic, especially when crossing the street.
  • LOOK RIGHT for approaching traffic.

Maintain personal security

Use the same common sense traveling overseas that you would at home, and always stay alert and aware of your surroundings.

Before you leave

  • Research your destination(s), including local laws, customs, and culture.
  • Monitor travel advisories and alerts and read travel tips from the US Department of State.
  • Enroll in the Smart Traveler Enrollment Program (STEP) .
  • Leave a copy of your itinerary, contact information, credit cards, and passport with someone at home.
  • Pack as light as possible, and leave at home any item you could not replace.

While at your destination(s)

  • Carry contact information for the nearest US embassy or consulate .
  • Carry a photocopy of your passport and entry stamp; leave the actual passport securely in your hotel.
  • Follow all local laws and social customs.
  • Do not wear expensive clothing or jewelry.
  • Always keep hotel doors locked, and store valuables in secure areas.
  • If possible, choose hotel rooms between the 2nd and 6th floors.

Healthy Travel Packing List

Use the Healthy Travel Packing List for Australia for a list of health-related items to consider packing for your trip. Talk to your doctor about which items are most important for you.

Why does CDC recommend packing these health-related items?

It’s best to be prepared to prevent and treat common illnesses and injuries. Some supplies and medicines may be difficult to find at your destination, may have different names, or may have different ingredients than what you normally use.

If you are not feeling well after your trip, you may need to see a doctor. If you need help finding a travel medicine specialist, see Find a Clinic . Be sure to tell your doctor about your travel, including where you went and what you did on your trip. Also tell your doctor if you were bitten or scratched by an animal while traveling.

For more information on what to do if you are sick after your trip, see Getting Sick after Travel .

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All non-Australian citizens traveling to Australia require a visa or visas waiver issued by the Australian Government. For information on immigration requirements for Australia, please refer to the information on the  Australian Department of Home Affairs website .

If you have experienced issues applying for an Australian visa, or wish to follow up on the status of an application, you will need to  contact Australian Home Affairs  for assistance. The U.S. Consulates cannot access Australian Immigration records, and are unable to assist with these inquiries. If you are currently outside Australia, please contact your  nearest Australian Embassy or Consulate .

Denied entry to Australia

General Entry Information

Although the vast majority of U.S. citizens who travel to Australia with a visa or visa-waiver are admitted without incident, Australian authorities have the right and responsibility for enforcing their laws. As a result not everyone who arrives in Australia is permitted to enter. When travelers are refused entry, the Australian authorities usually order them returned to the airport from which they last departed, or return them to the United States. The U.S. Embassy and Consulates in Australia are unable to intervene on your behalf if you are denied entry into Australia, and we cannot attempt to influence the Australian Government’s decision.

What to expect if denied entry to Australia 

If you are denied entry into Australia, you will be held at the airport until arrangements can be made to return you to the United States or another country where you hold a valid visa to reside.  You are not under arrest  – you are simply not eligible to enter Australia on this visit.

You will generally be removed from Australia on the next available flight offered by your carrier.  However, in cases where you would have a long wait for your return flight, Australian Immigration may put you in a temporary detention center until a suitable flight is available. Conditions in the detention center are comfortable and you will be given food and water, and access to a telephone and medical treatment if necessary.

What to do if you are denied entry to Australia

Stay calm.  Do not attempt to dispute the official’s decision – once you have been found inadmissible, you will not be permitted to enter. Inform Australian authorities if you have any medical condition, or are in need of medical treatment.

Listen, and ask why you were not admitted. Be sure you clearly understand what you will need to do the next time you intend to travel to Australia. Ask for documentation of the refusal as you may require it if you need to apply for an Australian visa.

Active Duty military members visiting Australia

Current members of the U.S. military should contact  the Defense Attaché Office (DAO) at the U.S. Embassy in Canberra  for all military travel inquiries, including R&R. The ACS units at the U.S. Consulates cannot assist you. Always use your official email when corresponding with the DAO. Do not use personal emails, as these are regularly classified as junk email, and will not be responded to.

Responses to common inquiries:

  • When applying for a visa/visa-waiver to Australia, use your current U.S. address. Do not use your APO/DPO address, or your address where you are currently stationed.
  • APACS clearances are processed based on date of travel, not date of application. To follow up on an APACS clearance, contact the  DAO at the U.S. Embassy in Canberra .

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8 things to know before visiting Australia

Ben Smithson

Australia will once again welcome foreign tourists and other visa holders this month as its borders reopen after almost two years .

For more TPG news delivered each morning to your inbox, sign up for our daily newsletter .

From Feb. 21, 2022, vaccinated travelers will be allowed to enter Australia with relatively few restrictions, provided that they have proof of full vaccination.

At present in Australia , citizens, permanent residents and their families, international students, backpackers and migrant workers are all allowed entry into the country provided they have received two doses of an approved vaccine. This rule will now be extended to tourists too, with an exception if you qualify for a medical exemption which must be applied for should you have a medical reason for not receiving your full COVID-19 inoculation.

Australia had imposed strict caps on entry numbers during the pandemic because of the high cost of running hotel quarantine (even where the traveler pays the bulk of the cost) but those caps have now been removed as the hotel quarantine has ended for fully vaccinated arrivals (with the exception of Western Australia, which we'll discuss below).

The COVID-19 situation in Australia has changed dramatically in the past six months because of the omicron variant .

While this Europe-base, Australian author is very excited to hear Australia is finally reopening after two years, there are some important factors to consider before traveling there.

Australia currently has a high number of active cases

requirements for travel to australia

For much of the pandemic, Australia, along with other countries such as New Zealand and Singapore was considered one of the gold standards when it came to the management of COVID-19.

Their strict border controls, including mandatory hotel quarantine for all arrivals, meant community cases were very low for months at a time. Some major cities would not see a single new case outside of managed hotel quarantine for six months and would lock down an entire city if just a single untracked case was found to return numbers to zero.

The omicron variant dramatically changed this strategy. As major states like Victoria and New South Wales (home to Melbourne and Sydney , respectively) relaxed restrictions following rapid vaccination programs to combat the delta variant, the new omicron variant surged through the community.

Rather than plunging cities back into lockdowns, most of Australia opted instead to "live with [COVID-19]" — one month ago Australia was experiencing more than 100,000 new cases every day, which for a country of only 25 million people was a higher per capita rate of new infection than just about anywhere in the world, including the United Kingdom.

requirements for travel to australia

The number of new daily cases has reduced in the past three weeks but there are still tens of thousands of new cases recorded each day.

Deaths from COVID-19 continue to below as they have been in Australia the entire pandemic.

If you are planning to visit Australia because you had admired their successful management of the pandemic, it is certainly not the COVID-19-free zone it was 12 months ago.

Western Australia has very different rules

Before diving into the rules and requirements for the rest of the country, it is worth noting that Western Australia (with its capital city of Perth) has very different rules from the rest of the country. This is because while the rest of Australia has opened up, Western Australia, or WA, has remained stubbornly (or smartly) closed.

International arrivals to Western Australia must apply for an entry permit and then:

  • Undertake 14 days of mandatory quarantine including seven days in hotel quarantine and seven days of self-quarantine at suitable premises, if eligible.
  • If the traveler is eligible to leave the hotel quarantine after seven days and goes into suitable premises, any other household members are also required to quarantine for the remainder of the traveler's quarantine period.
  • They must also present a PCR test on days one, six, nine and 12 while in quarantine.

Visitors arriving from interstate to Western Australia must apply for an entry permit, and then:

  • Undertake 14 days of self-quarantine at suitable premises (seven days for a health worker), with the same requirements for household members at the self-quarantine premises.
  • Present a PCR testing within 48 hours of arrival and on Day 12 of self-quarantine (Day 6 for health workers), and household members will also be required to do a PCR test on the traveler's 12th day.

Unless you have close family connections, work requirements or medical requirements in Western Australia it is unlikely you'll be granted access even if you are willing to undertake these testing and quarantine requirements on entry.

Unvaccinated visitors must still apply for an entry exemption

requirements for travel to australia

If you are not fully vaccinated (with a recognized vaccine), you must apply for an entry permit from the Australian Government and you will most likely have to undertake mandatory 14-day hotel quarantine on arrival. This is at your own cost: You should expect to pay around $2,298 (£1,700) for a single adult.

As each state and territory in Australia is free to make its own entry requirements, further restrictions may apply for unvaccinated visitors. For example, the Northern Territory currently bans all unvaccinated visitors regardless of test results or quarantine.

You will need multiple tests depending on where you visit

Fully vaccinated visitors to Australia will need to provide the following:

  • Evidence of a negative COVID-19 Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) test or other Nucleic Acid Amplification Test taken within three days of your flight's scheduled departure to Australia (unless you are exempt).
  • A medical certificate as evidence of a negative Rapid Antigen Test taken under medical supervision within 24 hours before your flight's scheduled departure to Australia.

Children under the age of 4 are exempt from this requirement.

If your flight is delayed, you will still be considered to have met the predeparture testing requirements. You will not need a new test.

Excluding Western Australia, as described above, depending on which Australian state or territory you arrive in you will need to undertake a COVID-19 test within 24 hours of arrival and isolate until they receive a negative result. This test can be a lateral flow or antigen test though you should check each state or territories entry requirements as these can differ from state to state.

Be aware of transit requirements

You'll need to be aware of any transit requirements a connecting airline or airport may set which could be different to those required for Australia.

Related: Qantas is operating a test flight nonstop from London to Sydney today

If you have a long layover, some countries will not allow you to enter the country during your layover, even if it's just to go straight to a hotel and rest. You may have to remain airside at the airport your entire transit.

If this transit is longer than, say, 12 hours and there is no airside hotel available, that is a long and uncomfortable wait at the gate or in an airport lounge.

As much as I love some of the finest airport lounges in the world, I would not want to spend 24 hours in one.

You will still need to quarantine on entry, but only briefly

While fully vaccinated visitors no longer need to undertake mandatory hotel quarantine, you will still need to obtain a test within 24 hours of arriving, and isolate until you receive a negative result (excluding Western Australia). As you can use a lateral flow test for this purpose and results can be as fast as 15 minutes, your on-arrival quarantine could be very brief.

Lateral flow tests are not free in Australia for tourists. And if you cannot find or take a lateral flow test, you must take a PCR test and the result can take many hours, or even days to be processed.

Entry and testing requirements change regularly

While the situation is more stable than it was before Christmas, entry rules (including testing requirements) can and do change regularly in Australia. You can check the federal government's website which has links to each state and territories individual rules.

Hopefully, with case counts dropping and relaxed testing requirements, the rules will not change at the rapid pace we saw over the holiday period, when states switched from PCR to lateral flow tests because they could not process the volume of PCR tests being taken to comply with the extensive testing rules for traveling.

Still, you should check the entry requirements regularly between now and the time to travel to Australia as these can, and do change.

Masks and vaccine certificates are commonplace

With thousands of active cases across the country right now, you can expect to have to show your vaccination pass to be seated at indoor hospitality venues as well as attend major sporting events. You'll also probably be expected to wear a mask.

Masks were not commonplace in Australia for much of the pandemic as there were so few community cases. Like the United States, the Australian states and territories can set their own social distancing measures though most require masks and vaccination certificates for crowded public places due to a large number of active cases in the community.

You may also be required to 'check in' to venues using contract tracing apps. These will be specific to each state and territory so read up on any requirements before arrival and download any required apps.

Visits to aged care homes may be restricted.

Bottom line

Face masks and hand sanitiser are must-have items in your carry-on

The COVID-19 situation in Australia continues to evolve. The country has lurched from one extreme to another — six months ago some states had not seen community transmissions for months and other than closed borders it was as if the pandemic did not exist. (Melbourne was an exception, becoming the most locked-down city in the world.)

When the omicron variant arrived, other than Western Australia there was a dramatic shift from zero covid to 'living with the virus' and much of the country saw their highest ever new cases over the Christmas and New Year period.

Reopening to foreign tourists for the first time in two years from Feb. 21 is another step towards the new 'living with COVID-19' strategy. If you are looking for a coronavirus-free destination, Australia is not it.

You can expect strict testing requirements for travel, though quarantine on arrival has been greatly reduced in most states and territories. Compared with a month ago the situation is relatively stable, though do check entry and testing requirements regularly before you head down under as they can and do change regularly.

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COVID-19: travel health notice for all travellers

Australia travel advice

Latest updates: Editorial change

Last updated: January 19, 2024 10:42 ET

On this page

Safety and security, entry and exit requirements, laws and culture, natural disasters and climate, australia - take normal security precautions.

Take normal security precautions in Australia.

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Violent crime is low.

Petty crime, such as pickpocketing and bag snatching, occurs mostly in larger cities. Vehicle break-ins are common.

Robberies of safe-deposit facilities are common at inexpensive hotels and hostels.

  • Ensure that your personal belongings, including your passport and other travel documents, are secure at all times
  • Never leave personal belongings, such as money, credit cards, cell phones and other electronics, unattended
  • Exercise caution in popular tourist areas

Online scam

Scammers have duped tourists into transferring money to an overseas bank account in exchange for renting accommodation in Australia.

When renting accommodation, beware of online scams.

Overseas fraud


Demonstrations may occur. Even peaceful demonstrations can turn violent at any time. They can also lead to disruptions to traffic and public transportation.

  • Avoid areas where demonstrations are taking place
  • Follow the instructions of local authorities
  • Monitor local media for information on ongoing demonstrations

More about mass gatherings (large-scale events)

There is a threat of terrorism. The Government of Australia maintains a national terrorism threat advisory system. Individuals or groups have developed both the intent and capability to conduct a terrorist attack in Australia. Terrorist attacks could occur at any time.

Targets could include:

  • government buildings, including schools
  • places of worship
  • airports and other transportation hubs and networks
  • public areas such as tourist attractions, restaurants, bars, coffee shops, shopping centres, markets, hotels and other sites frequented by foreigners

Always be aware of your surroundings when in public places.

Australian National Security – Government of Australia

Spiked food and drinks

Never leave food or drinks unattended or in the care of strangers. Be wary of accepting snacks, beverages, gum or cigarettes from new acquaintances, as they may contain drugs that could put you at risk of sexual assault and robbery.

Water activities

Coastal waters can be dangerous. Riptides are common and can be dangerous. Several drownings occur each year.

In certain areas, sharks, crocodiles, jellyfish and other wildlife pose a risk to swimmers.

  • Avoid unsupervised beaches
  • Follow the instructions and warnings of lifeguards
  • Respect the flag warning system, which provides notice of water conditions and safety risks on beaches

Beach safety – Government of Australia

Diving and snorkelling

You must provide a medical declaration for diving or snorkelling.

Follow the instructions and warnings of local authorities.

Safety information for divers and snorkellers – Government of Australia

Trekking and mountaineering

Weather conditions may be dry during the summer. You should be prepared for hot weather.

If you intend on trekking or mountaineering:

  • never do so alone and always hire an experienced guide from a reputable company
  • buy travel insurance that includes helicopter rescue and medical evacuation
  • ensure that your physical condition is good enough to meet the challenges of your activity
  • ensure that you’re properly equipped and well informed about weather and other conditions that may pose a hazard
  • inform a family member or friend of your itinerary, including when you expect to be back to camp
  • obtain detailed information on trekking routes before setting out and do not venture off marked trails or slopes

Remote areas

Some regions in Australia’s interior are very isolated and have small populations. Services are scarce.

You may have difficulty getting adequate mobile phone coverage if you travel there by car.

  • Avoid travelling alone
  • Inform relatives of your itinerary

Road safety

Road conditions and road safety are very good throughout the country. Exercise caution when driving in rural areas at night. Drivers often drive at excessive speeds. Roaming animals and road trains pose further hazards.

Access to some remote locations may be impossible during severe weather conditions. Due to the great distances between settlements and the isolation of many outback areas:

  • avoid travelling in extreme heat conditions
  • plan your overland route carefully
  • provide a friend or relative with your itinerary, and ensure that your vehicle is in good repair
  • carry a first-aid kit and personal medication
  • carry sufficient fuel, water, and food supplies
  • bring a satellite phone or an emergency position indicating radio beacon (EPIRB)

We do not make assessments on the compliance of foreign domestic airlines with international safety standards.

Information about foreign domestic airlines

Every country or territory decides who can enter or exit through its borders. The Government of Canada cannot intervene on your behalf if you do not meet your destination’s entry or exit requirements.

We have obtained the information on this page from the Australian authorities. It can, however, change at any time.

Verify this information with the  Foreign Representatives in Canada .

Entry requirements vary depending on the type of passport you use for travel.

Before you travel, check with your transportation company about passport requirements. Its rules on passport validity may be more stringent than the country’s entry rules.

Regular Canadian passport

Your passport must be valid on the day of entry into the country.

Passport for official travel

Different entry rules may apply.

Official travel

Passport with “X” gender identifier

While the Government of Canada issues passports with an “X” gender identifier, it cannot guarantee your entry or transit through other countries. You might face entry restrictions in countries that do not recognize the “X” gender identifier. Before you leave, check with the closest foreign representative for your destination.

Other travel documents

Different entry rules may apply when travelling with a temporary passport or an emergency travel document. Before you leave, check with the closest foreign representative for your destination.

Useful links

  • Foreign Representatives in Canada
  • Canadian passports

Tourist visa: not required for stays up to 90 days Business visa: required Student visa: required

Canadians entering Australia without a visa need to get an electronic travel authority (ETA) to visit Australia. Ensure that you travel with the same passport used to apply for your ETA.

A health examination might be necessary to obtain certain visas.

  • Electronic Travel Authority – Government of Australia
  • Department of Home Affairs – Government of Australia

Children and travel

Learn more about travelling with children .

Yellow fever

Learn about potential entry requirements related to yellow fever (vaccines section).

Relevant Travel Health Notices

  • Global Measles Notice - 31 August, 2023
  • COVID-19 and International Travel - 31 August, 2023

This section contains information on possible health risks and restrictions regularly found or ongoing in the destination. Follow this advice to lower your risk of becoming ill while travelling. Not all risks are listed below.

Consult a health care professional or visit a travel health clinic preferably 6 weeks before you travel to get personalized health advice and recommendations.

Routine vaccines

Be sure that your  routine vaccinations , as per your province or territory , are up-to-date before travelling, regardless of your destination.

Some of these vaccinations include measles-mumps-rubella (MMR), diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis, polio, varicella (chickenpox), influenza and others.

Pre-travel vaccines and medications

You may be at risk for preventable diseases while travelling in this destination. Talk to a travel health professional about which medications or vaccines may be right for you, based on your destination and itinerary. 

Yellow fever   is a disease caused by a flavivirus from the bite of an infected mosquito.

Travellers get vaccinated either because it is required to enter a country or because it is recommended for their protection.

  • There is no risk of yellow fever in this country.

Country Entry Requirement*

  • Proof of vaccination is required if you are coming from or have transited through an airport of a country   where yellow fever occurs.


  • Vaccination is not recommended.
  • Discuss travel plans, activities, and destinations with a health care professional.
  • Contact a designated  Yellow Fever Vaccination Centre  well in advance of your trip to arrange for vaccination.

About Yellow Fever

Yellow Fever Vaccination Centres in Canada * It is important to note that  country entry requirements  may not reflect your risk of yellow fever at your destination. It is recommended that you contact the nearest  diplomatic or consular office  of the destination(s) you will be visiting to verify any additional entry requirements.

  Hepatitis B is a risk in every destination. It is a viral liver disease that is easily transmitted from one person to another through exposure to blood and body fluids containing the hepatitis B virus.  Travellers who may be exposed to blood or other bodily fluids (e.g., through sexual contact, medical treatment, sharing needles, tattooing, acupuncture or occupational exposure) are at higher risk of getting hepatitis B.

Hepatitis B vaccination is recommended for all travellers. Prevent hepatitis B infection by practicing safe sex, only using new and sterile drug equipment, and only getting tattoos and piercings in settings that follow public health regulations and standards.

In this destination, rabies  may be present in some wildlife species, including bats. Rabies is a deadly disease that spreads to humans primarily through bites or scratches from an infected animal. 

If you are bitten or scratched by an animal while travelling, immediately wash the wound with soap and clean water and see a health care professional. 

Before travel, discuss rabies vaccination with a health care professional. It may be recommended for travellers who will be working directly with wildlife. 

Measles is a highly contagious viral disease. It can spread quickly from person to person by direct contact and through droplets in the air.

Anyone who is not protected against measles is at risk of being infected with it when travelling internationally.

Regardless of where you are going, talk to a health care professional before travelling to make sure you are fully protected against measles.

Japanese encephalitis is a viral infection that can cause swelling of the brain.  It is spread to humans through the bite of an infected mosquito. Risk is very low for most travellers. Travellers at relatively higher risk may want to consider vaccination for JE prior to travelling.

Travellers are at higher risk if they will be:

  • travelling long term (e.g. more than 30 days)
  • making multiple trips to endemic areas
  • staying for extended periods in rural areas
  • visiting an area suffering a JE outbreak
  • engaging in activities involving high contact with mosquitos (e.g., entomologists)

 The best way to protect yourself from seasonal influenza (flu) is to get vaccinated every year. Get the flu shot at least 2 weeks before travelling.  

 The flu occurs worldwide. 

  •  In the Northern Hemisphere, the flu season usually runs from November to   April.
  •  In the Southern Hemisphere, the flu season usually runs between April and   October.
  •  In the tropics, there is flu activity year round. 

The flu vaccine available in one hemisphere may only offer partial protection against the flu in the other hemisphere.

The flu virus spreads from person to person when they cough or sneeze or by touching objects and surfaces that have been contaminated with the virus. Clean your hands often and wear a mask if you have a fever or respiratory symptoms.

Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is an infectious viral disease. It can spread from person to person by direct contact and through droplets in the air.

It is recommended that all eligible travellers complete a COVID-19 vaccine series along with any additional recommended doses in Canada before travelling. Evidence shows that vaccines are very effective at preventing severe illness, hospitalization and death from COVID-19. While vaccination provides better protection against serious illness, you may still be at risk of infection from the virus that causes COVID-19. Anyone who has not completed a vaccine series is at increased risk of being infected with the virus that causes COVID-19 and is at greater risk for severe disease when travelling internationally.

Before travelling, verify your destination’s COVID-19 vaccination entry/exit requirements. Regardless of where you are going, talk to a health care professional before travelling to make sure you are adequately protected against COVID-19.

Safe food and water precautions

Many illnesses can be caused by eating food or drinking beverages contaminated by bacteria, parasites, toxins, or viruses, or by swimming or bathing in contaminated water.

  • Learn more about food and water precautions to take to avoid getting sick by visiting our eat and drink safely abroad page. Remember: Boil it, cook it, peel it, or leave it!
  • Avoid getting water into your eyes, mouth or nose when swimming or participating in activities in freshwater (streams, canals, lakes), particularly after flooding or heavy rain. Water may look clean but could still be polluted or contaminated.
  • Avoid inhaling or swallowing water while bathing, showering, or swimming in pools or hot tubs. 

Insect bite prevention

Many diseases are spread by the bites of infected insects such as mosquitoes, ticks, fleas or flies. When travelling to areas where infected insects may be present:

  • Use insect repellent (bug spray) on exposed skin
  • Cover up with light-coloured, loose clothes made of tightly woven materials such as nylon or polyester
  • Minimize exposure to insects
  • Use mosquito netting when sleeping outdoors or in buildings that are not fully enclosed

To learn more about how you can reduce your risk of infection and disease caused by bites, both at home and abroad, visit our insect bite prevention page.

Find out what types of insects are present where you’re travelling, when they’re most active, and the symptoms of the diseases they spread.

  • In this country, risk of  dengue  is sporadic. It is a viral disease spread to humans by mosquito bites.
  • Dengue can cause flu-like symptoms. In some cases, it can lead to severe dengue, which can be fatal.
  • The level of risk of dengue changes seasonally, and varies from year to year. The level of risk also varies between regions in a country and can depend on the elevation in the region.
  • Mosquitoes carrying dengue typically bite during the daytime, particularly around sunrise and sunset.
  • Protect yourself from mosquito bites . There is no vaccine or medication that protects against dengue fever.

Animal precautions

Some infections, such as rabies and influenza, can be shared between humans and animals. Certain types of activities may increase your chance of contact with animals, such as travelling in rural or forested areas, camping, hiking, and visiting wet markets (places where live animals are slaughtered and sold) or caves.

Travellers are cautioned to avoid contact with animals, including dogs, livestock (pigs, cows), monkeys, snakes, rodents, birds, and bats, and to avoid eating undercooked wild game.

Closely supervise children, as they are more likely to come in contact with animals.

Person-to-person infections

Stay home if you’re sick and practise proper cough and sneeze etiquette , which includes coughing or sneezing into a tissue or the bend of your arm, not your hand. Reduce your risk of colds, the flu and other illnesses by:

  •   washing your hands often
  • avoiding or limiting the amount of time spent in closed spaces, crowded places, or at large-scale events (concerts, sporting events, rallies)
  • avoiding close physical contact with people who may be showing symptoms of illness 

Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) , HIV , and mpox are spread through blood and bodily fluids; use condoms, practise safe sex, and limit your number of sexual partners. Check with your local public health authority pre-travel to determine your eligibility for mpox vaccine.  

Medical services and facilities

Health care is excellent. Service is available throughout the country.

Payment is expected at time of service.

Make sure you get travel insurance that includes coverage for medical evacuation and hospital stays.

Travel health and safety

Keep in Mind...

The decision to travel is the sole responsibility of the traveller. The traveller is also responsible for his or her own personal safety.

Be prepared. Do not expect medical services to be the same as in Canada. Pack a   travel health kit , especially if you will be travelling away from major city centres.

You must abide by local laws.

Learn about what you should do and how we can help if you are arrested or detained abroad .

Canada and Australia are signatories to the Convention on the Transfer of Sentenced Persons. This enables a Canadian imprisoned in Australia to request a transfer to a Canadian prison to complete a sentence. The transfer requires the agreement of both Canadian and Australian authorities. This process can take a long time and there is no guarantee that the transfer will be approved by either or both sides.

Penalties for possession, use or trafficking of illegal drugs are severe. Convicted offenders can expect lengthy jail sentences and heavy fines.

Drugs, alcohol and travel

Imports and exports

There are very strict rules and quarantine measures regarding the importation of food and animal products. Information about items which you can and cannot bring to Australia is available from Australia’s Department of Home Affairs.

Immigration and Citizenship – Government of Australia

Traffic drives on the left.

Local authorities accept your overseas driving licence if the names on your licence match exactly those in your passport.

You must apply for a local licence if you intend to stay in Australia longer than 3 months.

Permits are required when travelling on Aboriginal territory.

You should carry an international driving permit.

  • Driving with an overseas licence – Government of Australia
  • More about the International Driving Permit

Dual citizenship

Dual citizenship is legally recognized in Australia.

If you are a Canadian citizen, but also a citizen of Australia, our ability to offer you consular services may be limited while you're there. You may also be subject to different entry/exit requirements .

Travellers with dual citizenship

International Child Abduction

The Hague Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction is an international treaty. It can help parents with the return of children who have been removed to or retained in certain countries in violation of custody rights. The convention applies between Canada and Australia.

If your child was wrongfully taken to, or is being held in Australia, and if the applicable conditions are met, you may apply for the return of your child to the Australian court.

If you are in this situation:

  • act as quickly as you can
  • contact the Central Authority for your province or territory of residence for information on starting an application under The Hague Convention
  • consult a lawyer in Canada and in Australia to explore all the legal options for the return of your child
  • report the situation to the nearest Canadian government office abroad or to the Vulnerable Children’s Consular Unit at Global Affairs Canada by calling the Emergency Watch and Response Centre

If your child was removed from a country other than Canada, consult a lawyer to determine if The Hague Convention applies.

Be aware that Canadian consular officials cannot interfere in private legal matters or in another country’s judicial affairs.

  • List of Canadian Central Authorities for the Hague Convention
  • International Child Abduction: A Guidebook for Left-Behind Parents
  • Travelling with children
  • The Hague Convention - Hague Conference on Private International Law
  • Canadian embassies and consulates by destination
  • Emergency Watch and Response Centre

The currency of Australia is the Australian dollar (AUD).

Bush and forest fires

Bush and forest fires are common between October and April, particularly in areas covered by bushes, long grass or coastal scrub. Elevated fire danger ratings and alert levels may be applied to affected areas. The air quality in areas near active fires may deteriorate due to heavy smoke.

In case of a major fire:

  • stay away from the affected area, particularly if you suffer from respiratory ailments
  • be prepared to modify your travel arrangements or even evacuate the area on short notice
  • follow the instructions of local emergency services personnel
  • monitor local media for up-to-date information on the situation

For current information, consult the relevant state or territory authorities.

Fire services

  • Australian Capital Territory
  • New South Wales
  • Northern Territory
  • South Australia
  • Western Australia

Rainy season

The rainy season extends from November to April. Severe flooding occurs annually, especially in the inland parts of the following states: 

Seasonal flooding can hamper overland travel and reduce the provision of essential services. Roads may become impassable and bridges damaged. 

  • Monitor local news and weather reports
  • Follow the instructions of local authorities, including evacuation orders

Australia Rainfall and river conditions – Bureau of meteorology, Australian government

Cyclones usually occur from November to April. They may occur along the coastal areas of Queensland, the Northern Territory and Western Australia.

During this period, even small storms can quickly develop into major cyclones. These severe storms can put you at risk and hamper the provision of essential services.

If you decide to travel to Australia during the cyclone season:

  • know that you expose yourself to serious safety risks
  • be prepared to change your travel plans on short notice, including cutting short or cancelling your trip
  • stay informed of the latest regional weather forecasts
  • carry emergency contact information for your airline or tour operator
  • follow the advice and instructions of local authorities
  • Bureau of Meteorology – Government of Australia
  • Tornadoes, cyclones, hurricanes, typhoons and monsoons
  • Large-scale emergencies abroad

Seismic activity

Australia is located in a seismic zone. Earthquakes may occur.

Local services

Dial 000 for emergency assistance.

Consular assistance

Australian Capital Territory, Victoria, South Australia, Western Australia, Tasmania, Guam, Marshall Islands, Micronesia, Nauru, New Caledonia, Northern Marianas, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, Vanuatu

New South Wales, Queensland and Northern Territory

For emergency consular assistance, call the High Commission of Canada in Australia, in Canberra, or the Consulate General of Canada in Sydney and follow the instructions. At any time, you may also contact the Emergency Watch and Response Centre in Ottawa.

The decision to travel is your choice and you are responsible for your personal safety abroad. We take the safety and security of Canadians abroad very seriously and provide credible and timely information in our Travel Advice to enable you to make well-informed decisions regarding your travel abroad.

The content on this page is provided for information only. While we make every effort to give you correct information, it is provided on an "as is" basis without warranty of any kind, expressed or implied. The Government of Canada does not assume responsibility and will not be liable for any damages in connection to the information provided.

If you need consular assistance while abroad, we will make every effort to help you. However, there may be constraints that will limit the ability of the Government of Canada to provide services.

Learn more about consular services .

Risk Levels

  take normal security precautions.

Take similar precautions to those you would take in Canada.

  Exercise a high degree of caution

There are certain safety and security concerns or the situation could change quickly. Be very cautious at all times, monitor local media and follow the instructions of local authorities.

IMPORTANT: The two levels below are official Government of Canada Travel Advisories and are issued when the safety and security of Canadians travelling or living in the country or region may be at risk.

  Avoid non-essential travel

Your safety and security could be at risk. You should think about your need to travel to this country, territory or region based on family or business requirements, knowledge of or familiarity with the region, and other factors. If you are already there, think about whether you really need to be there. If you do not need to be there, you should think about leaving.

  Avoid all travel

You should not travel to this country, territory or region. Your personal safety and security are at great risk. If you are already there, you should think about leaving if it is safe to do so.


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Do I need a Vaccine to travel to Australia?

Please note:

Travelers entering and departing Australia are currently not subject to any COVID-19-related requirements by the Australian Government.

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Are Vaccines Required to Travel to Australia?

Like most countries, Australia recommends that travelers arriving in the country on inbound international flights have up-to-date inoculations .

It’s essential to check for government health updates to determine any health risks or increased risks of certain diseases in the country before your trip.

This information changes often, so we recommend checking it on dates close to it. According to the CDC , there are various vaccines you need to get before traveling to Australia and other precautions you may need to take.

Do you require a travel declaration or tests to travel to Australia?

No, travelers visiting Australia do not require a negative pre-departure test, nor do they need to fill out the Australia Travel Declaration.

However, all travelers still need to apply for the Australia Incoming Passenger Card (IPC).

Endemic diseases in Australia

There are some endemic diseases in Australia that travelers will be at an increased risk of contracting while in the county. Since March 2022, this includes Japanese encephalitis, as parts of eastern and southeastern Australia currently have an outbreak.

The country also currently has several infectious diseases within its borders, including chickenpox, influenza, measles, mumps, rubella, polio, shingles, hepatitis B, and yellow fever.

Immunization against these diseases is highly recommended , and officials may request proof of vaccination on arrival in Australia, depending on your nationality and which country you are traveling to Australia from.

There are also a number of non-vaccine preventable diseases that travelers will need to take measures to avoid. These include leptospirosis, dengue fever, Ross River fever, TB and Hantavirus.

Summary Tables of Australia Vaccine Requirements

To help you ensure you will meet all the vaccination requirements to enter Australia, we’ve created two tables to consolidate and summarize all the relevant vaccination information below.

Required travel vaccinations for Australia

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Routine vaccinations for Australia

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Non-Vaccine Preventable Diseases

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If you have more questions about the Australian visa requirements, you can check here .

You can also contact our 24-hour customer service team if you have any further questions.

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  • iVisa is NOT affiliated with any government agency. This app does not provide legal advice and we are not a law firm. None of our customer service representatives are lawyers and they also do not provide legal advice. We are a private, internet-based travel and immigration consultancy provider dedicated to helping individuals travel around the world. You may apply by yourself directly on the various government websites. The source of information: https://immi.homeaffairs.gov.au/

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requirements for travel to australia

  • Passports, travel and living abroad
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Getting help

The Foreign, Commonwealth & Development Office ( FCDO ) cannot provide tailored advice for individual trips. Read this travel advice and carry out your own research before deciding whether to travel.

Emergency services in Australia

Telephone: 000 (ambulance, fire, police)

Contact your travel provider and insurer

Contact your travel provider and your insurer if you are involved in a serious incident or emergency abroad. They will tell you if they can help and what you need to do.

Refunds and changes to travel

For refunds or changes to travel, contact your travel provider. You may also be able to make a claim through insurance. However, insurers usually require you to talk to your travel provider first.

Find out more about changing or cancelling travel plans , including:

  • where to get advice if you are in a dispute with a provider
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Contacting FCDO

Follow and contact FCDO travel on Twitter , Facebook and Instagram . You can also sign up to get email notifications when this travel advice is updated.

Help abroad in an emergency

If you are abroad and you need emergency help from the UK government, contact the nearest British embassy, consulate or high commission .

You can also contact FCDO online .

FCDO in London

You can call FCDO in London if you need urgent help because something has happened to a friend or relative abroad.

Telephone: 020 7008 5000 (24 hours)

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requirements for travel to australia

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Select a country, economy or region to find embassies, country briefs, economic fact sheets, trade agreements, aid programs, information on sanctions and more.

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  • The benefits of FTAs
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  • Look up FTA tariffs and services market access - DFAT FTA Portal
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About foreign investment

  • The benefits of foreign investment
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For Australian business

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Stakeholder engagement.

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Australia's free trade agreements (FTAs)

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A global platform for achievement, innovation, collaboration, and cooperation

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Australia is a stable, democratic and culturally diverse nation with a highly skilled workforce and one of the strongest performing economies in the world.

Australia in Brief publication

This is the 52nd edition of Australia in Brief, revised and updated in February 2021

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To help Australians avoid difficulties overseas, we maintain travel advisories for more than 170 destinations.

  • Smartraveller – travel advice

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Prove your COVID-19 vaccinations when you travel overseas.

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The Australian Passport Office and its agents are committed to providing a secure, efficient and responsive passport service for Australia.

  • Australian Passport Office

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  • Within Australia: 1300 555 135
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  • Getting help overseas
  • Visas for Australians travelling overseas

Visas to visit Australia

Whether you are visiting Australia for less than 72 hours or planning on a stay of several years you must have a valid Australian visa.

A visa is a form of permission for a non-citizen to enter, transit or remain in a particular country.

Information on visas to Australia can be found at the Department of Home Affairs .

Related links

  • Visiting Australia
  • Australia.com - official Australian tourism website

Visa Traveler

Exploring the world one country at a time

Australia Visitor Visa: Requirements, Eligibility and Application Process

Updated: February 7, 2024

Australia Visitor Visa is the only option to visit Australia as a tourist for many nationalities. If you don’t qualify for either the Electronic Travel Authority(ETA) or the eVisitor Visa, then you will need to get a Visitor Visa.

Australia no longer accepts paper applications for the visitor visa. All applications must be lodged online through the Australian Government Immi Portal.

The Visitor Visa has subclass 600 in Australia’s visa documentation and the subtype we’re interested in is the “Tourist stream (apply outside Australia)”.

Quick summary:

  • Eligibility: All nationalities are eligible
  • Validity: Valid for 6 months, 1 year or 3 years with single or multiple entries
  • Duration of stay: Generally, 3 months allowed stay, but up to 6 or 12 in some cases
  • Visa fee: Visitors visa fee is 190 AUD
  • Processing time: 50% of applications are processed in 7 days and 90% in 21 days.

If you haven’t already, read the  Australia Visa Guide  to familiarize yourself with Australian tourist visa types, requirements, eligibility and entry procedures at the border.

Table of Contents

Understanding australia visitor visa.

Australia Visitor Visa (Subclass 600, Tourist Stream) Sample

Visitor visa validity

The Australian Visitor visa is valid for 6 months, 1 year or 3 years from the date of issue. The validity of the visa depends on your nationality and circumstances. For example, most Indian passport holders get a 3-year valid Australian visa, whereas Phillippine passport holders get a 1-year valid visa. Pakistan nationals get a 6-month validity.

You must visit Australia within the validity of your visa.

Duration of stay

Most Visitor visas granted allow for 3 months of continuous stay in Australia. Depending on circumstances, you might be granted a stay of 6 months or even 12 months.

Allowed number of entries

Most Visitor visas are multiple-entry , but Home Affairs also issues single visas in certain circumstances for certain nationalities.

When to apply

Since the tourist visas are valid for at least 3 months, it’s a good idea to apply well in advance. Most applications get processed in 3 weeks or fewer.

Visa extension

Australia Visitor visa is non-extendable . If you need to  extend your stay in Australia , you are allowed to apply for another Visitor Visa (onshore) from within the country.

Australia Visitor Visa Requirements

Australia Visitor Visa (Subclass 600) Required Countries

Who requires a Visitor Visa?

Australia Visitor Visa is REQUIRED for all nationalities to enter Australia as a tourist, except for the below.

  • New Zealand passport holders
  • Electronic Travel Authority (ETA)
  • eVisitor Visa
  • Those transiting in Australia for less than 72 hours and can get a Transit visa .

Documents required

To support your application, you can attach as many as 60 documents online. You don’t have to attach that many but the more documents you provide, the better your chances of approval.

You have to satisfy the Home Office that:

  • You are who you say you are
  • You are a genuine visitor who will not overstay or work illegally
  • You are of good character and not have a criminal record
  • You won’t be a burden to Australia’s healthcare system

To do this, attach as many of these documents as you can :

Identity documents

  • Valid passport (must be valid for the duration of the stay)
  • Valid National ID card (if from a country that issues them)
  • marriage or divorce certificate;
  • change of name documents;
  • documents that show other names you have been known by
  • Residence Permit/Visa (if residence and citizenship differ)
  • One passport-size photo

Genuine visitor documents

  • Itemized personal bank statements for the last 3 months. Aim to have at least 5000 AUD in your bank account. The money cannot be deposited suddenly and inexplicably – it should be from legitimate sources and savings over time.
  • Tax returns
  • Credit card statements
  • their relationship to you
  • the purpose of your visit and length of stay
  • if you will be staying with them
  • Proof of their funds (if they will be paying for your stay)
  • Your plans or travel itinerary while in Australia  
  • a letter from your employer stating you plan to return to your job
  • proof that you study at a school, college or university in your home country
  • proof that you have immediate family members in your home country
  • proof that you own a house or other major assets in your home country;
  • Confirmed return flight ticket;
  • Health Insurance

At a later date, you may be required to obtain and submit the following:

  • Medical Certificate
  • Police Clearance Certificate (PCC)

All non-English documents (except for police certificates) must be translated into English and all documents’ copies (both original and translations) must be certified.

Photo requirements

You need one passport-size digital photo for the Visitor Visa application. The photo must meet the following requirements. 

  • Taken in the last 6 months
  • Showing your head and shoulders against a plain background
  • Neutral facial expression with mouth closed, eyes open, and looking at the camera
  • Religious head coverings are allowed but must not obscure the face
  • Piercing is allowed but must not cause any reflections or shadows

There is no official guidance for the size and resolution of pictures uploaded online but the file type must be JPG. You will get to move the photo to position your face within a frame.

As long as the picture is clear, crisp, and not excessively big, it will be accepted.

Visitor visa fee

The Australian Tourist Visa application fee is 190 AUD , payable online.

You may also have to pay for:

  • Health checks
  • Police certificates

Processing time

Australian immigration reports that 50% of applications are processed in 7 days and 90% are processed in 21 days . These periods start after you submit your biometrics (if required).

Visitor Visa Application Process

Australia Visitor Visa (Subclass 600) Application on ImmiAccount Portal

How to apply

You must apply for your tourist visa online through the Immi Portal. Applying on paper is not possible for the visitor visa anymore. Follow the below steps:

  • Go to the ImmiAccount portal and create an account
  • Click on “New application” and pick “Visitor Visa (600)”.
  • Enter your personal information, passport details, employment details and financial information
  • Upload your documents such as passport, photo, etc.
  • Pay the required visa fee
  • Submit the application

The Visitor Visa is part of Australia’s biometrics program. If you apply for a Visitor Visa from any of the below countries, regardless of your nationality, you must give your biometrics.

  • Afghanistan
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • Kazakhstan 
  • New Zealand
  • Papua New Guinea
  • Philippines
  • Saudi Arabia
  • Solomon Islands
  • South Africa
  • South Korea
  • United Arab Emirates

If you apply from one of these countries, you will receive an email informing you that you need to visit an Australian Biometrics Collection Centre (ABCC) to have your biometrics collected. The biometrics are usually a face photo and fingerprint scan.

You must complete the biometrics procedure within 14 days of getting this email otherwise your application becomes void without a refund!

AABCs are typically managed by VFS Global. They charge a service fee for biometric collection. This fee depends on AABC and the country you are applying from.

For example, the biometric service at AABC in Dubai, UAE is AED 109.17. The biometric service fee at AABC in Manila, Philippines is PHP 557.

How to schedule biometric appointment?

Within 24 hours of applying for your Visitor Visa, you will receive an email with a biometric request letter from Home Affairs. Follow these steps to schedule your biometric appointment.

Find the nearest ABCC to you and follow the prompts to schedule your biometric appointment.

How to attend biometric appointment?

Follow the below steps to attend your biometric appointment at an AABC.

  • Arrive at the AABC at least 15 minutes before your appointment time
  • Original passport
  • Biometric appointment confirmation
  • Biometric fee receipt and
  • Biometric request letter received in the email from Home Affairs
  • Your facial photo is taken and your 10 fingertips are scanned

What if you can’t attend your appointment?

If you can’t make an appointment, you can reschedule your appointment up to 24 hours before your scheduled appointment date and time. You can reschedule up to 2 times.

What if you miss your appointment?

If you miss your scheduled appointment, you will lose the fee paid as the biometric fee is nonrefundable. You will also have to wait 24 hours to schedule a new appointment.

How to track status

You will receive the status of your application in your email. You can also track the status of the visa in your ImmiAccount.

How to download approved visa

When your Visitor Visa is approved, you will receive a grant letter in your email from Home Affairs. The grant letter is your Visitor Visa.

The Visitor visa is electronically linked to your passport, so you don’t need to download or print your Visitor Visa.

If you’re ever asked to show any proof, you can use the Grant Notification you received in your email. You can also download it from your ImmiAccount under “Visa Grant Details”.

How to check the validity of your Visitor Visa

The expiration date of your Australia eVisitor visa is indicated as “Must not arrive after” on the visa letter. If you lost your grant letter or don’t have a copy of your Visitor Visa, you can check the validity details on the Visa Entitlement Verification Online (VEVO) portal by using either your Visa Grant Number or Transaction Reference Number.

Customer service

Refer to the Self-help Guidelines for information to troubleshoot any issues. If facing issues with your ImmiAccount or the Visitor visa application, contact customer service using the below webform

Web: ImmiAccount Technical Support Form

Procedure at the border

The Visitor Visa is digitally attached to your passport so you don’t need to print anything. When you enter Australia, simply present your passport and be ready to answer a few basic questions about your visit.

Eligible passport holders can use the Smart Gates for faster arrival and departure procedures.

All visitors including Australian citizens are required to fill out an Incoming Passenger Card on arrival.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

How long does it take to get an australian tourist visa.

It can take up to 3 weeks to get an Australian tourist visa, especially if submitting your biometrics. It can be faster or slower depending on where you are applying from, your circumstances and the number of documents you submit.

How hard is it to get a tourist visa to Australia?

It is easy to get a tourist visa to Australia if you submit a complete application with as many documents. You must convince the Home Office that you won’t overstay or break the conditions of the visa.

How much bank balance is required for Australia tourist visa?

Australian Home Office doesn’t specify the minimum bank balance required for a tourist visa. Your bank account must show continuous cash flow and not a lump sum deposited recently. 

Based on the reports from travelers reports and recommendations from embassies, you should aim for at least 5,000 AUD in your bank account when you apply.

Can you get a 3-year visitor visa to Australia?

Yes, you can get a 3-year visitor visa to Australia if are from an eligible country and meet the requirements. Australian Visitor Visa is issued for 6 months, 1 year or 3 years depending on your nationality and circumstances. For example, Indian nationals can get an Australian tourist visa valid for 3 years.


Thirumal Motati

Thirumal Motati is an expert in tourist visa matters. He has been traveling the world on tourist visas for more than a decade. With his expertise, he has obtained several tourist visas, including the most strenuous ones such as the US, UK, Canada, and Schengen, some of which were granted multiple times. He has also set foot inside US consulates on numerous occasions. Mr. Motati has uncovered the secrets to successful visa applications. His guidance has enabled countless individuals to obtain their visas and fulfill their travel dreams. His statements have been mentioned in publications like Yahoo, BBC, The Hindu, and Travel Zoo.


I highly recommend using these websites to plan your trip. I use these websites myself to apply for my visas, book my flights and hotels and purchase my travel insurance.

01. Apply for your visa

Get a verifiable flight itinerary for your visa application from Visa Reservation . Flight itineraries from Visa Reservation are valid for 2 weeks and work for all visa applications.

02. Book your fight

Find the cheapest flight tickets using Skyscanner . Skyscanner includes all budget airlines and you are guaranteed to find the cheapest flight to your destination.

03. Book your hotel

Book your hotel from Booking.com . Booking.com has pretty much every hotel, hostel and guesthouse from every destination.

04. Get your onward ticket

If traveling on a one-way ticket, use BestOnwardTicket to get proof of onward ticket for just $12, valid for 48 hours.

05. Purchase your insurance

Purchase travel medical insurance for your trip from SafetyWing . Insurance from SafetyWing covers COVID-19 and also comes with a visa letter which you can use for your visas.

06. Get your zero-fee ATM card

You can manage money internationally in over 70 currencies using  Wise . With a Wise card, you can store and withdraw cash in 40 currencies with zero ATM fees. 

Need more? Check out my travel resources page  for the best websites to plan your trip.

LEGAL DISCLAIMER We are not affiliated with immigration, embassies or governments of any country. The content in this article is for educational and general informational purposes only, and shall not be understood or construed as, visa, immigration or legal advice. Your use of information provided in this article is solely at your own risk and you expressly agree not to rely upon any information contained in this article as a substitute for professional visa or immigration advice. Under no circumstance shall be held liable or responsible for any errors or omissions in this article or for any damage you may suffer in respect to any actions taken or not taken based on any or all of the information in this article. Please refer to our full disclaimer for further information.

AFFILIATE DISCLOSURE This post may contain affiliate links, which means we may receive a commission, at no extra cost to you, if you make a purchase through a link. Please refer to our full disclosure for further information.


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Interest Rates Are High, But Aussies Keep Travelling

Updated: Jan 30, 2024, 2:31pm

Reviewed By

Table of Contents

The growth in travel, what is driving demand, are cost of living pressures having an effect, will demand and prices soften in 2024, top international destinations, frequently asked questions (faqs).

Australians are considered among the most prolific travellers in the world. No matter how far-flung the destination, there is a good chance you will run into another Australian there.

Our love for travel is underscored by the fact that we have continued to splash out even in the face of high interest rates and a growing cost-of-living crisis that has dampened enthusiasm in many parts of the globe.

So how are Australians fitting travel into their budgets and is this demand—termed ‘revenge travel’ after Covid-19 restrictions were lifted—likely to weaken?

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The tourism sector makes up between 2.5% to 3% of Australia’s economy. According to data from the Australian Bureau of Statistics, tourism gross domestic product (GDP) jumped 60.1% in the financial year to June 2023 to touch $57.1 billion. However, it remains below the 2018-19 peak of $63.4 billion.

The rebound comes after two years of the pandemic when lockdowns and restrictions across the world led to a collapse in international and domestic travel.

The Australian Travel Industry Association estimates the number of outbound passengers recovered to 9.7 million in calendar year 2023, but says this is still below the 2019 peak of 11.2 million. In terms of air travel, nearly 19 million air tickets were issued in 2023, up from roughly 17 million the year earlier.

“Fundamentally, we’ve got back to a normal rhythm of travel,” says Dean Long, CEO of ATIA, which is the peak industry body representing travel professionals and businesses.

“So we’re still below pre pandemic levels for travel overall, but we are seeing certain destinations really recover in terms of where Australians are wanting to travel to.”

Indeed, Australian visitors to a number of countries, including Indonesia, France and Greece, have hit record numbers in recent months.

While “revenge travel” or the desire for a payback trip to make up for travel lost during the pandemic is sometimes cited as the cause for the climbing travel numbers, experts suggest this was only true in the initial months after Covid-19 travel restrictions were lifted in 2021 and 2022.

While the phenomenon eventually worked its way through the system, consumer behaviour is now subject to the normal pattern of international travel by Australians.

 Ironically, what is leading some of the increased travel is higher interest rates on savings which have resulted in an increase in discretionary funds for people that own their homes and are retired 

Ironically, what is leading some of the increased travel is higher interest rates on savings which have resulted in an increase in discretionary funds for people that own their homes and are retired.

Long says what is also driving growth is some excess capacity on selected routes compared to pre-pandemic levels.

“Most of these destinations that are really going well are single-hop or no-transfer destinations such as Japan, Thailand, Fiji, and Bali, which are all very much back to how they were doing prior to the pandemic,” he says.

“That’s because they’re easy to get to and the connectivity is right and we’re also starting to see price deflation happen on those routes.”

Cost-of-living pressures are having some impact, but this varies among different parts of the market. But overall, there hasn’t been a significant decrease in total numbers, which is consistent with the long-term models of travel by Australians.

“It’s not a discretionary spend for us that some economists classify it as. Regardless of the economic conditions, Australians generally consider travel as non-discretionary,” ATIA’s Long says.

That is partly because the vast majority of Australians have a parent or a relative born overseas, and travel therefore is not seen as merely the same as a holiday.

“In reality, you may take a holiday as part of the trip but there is that connection point to the rest of the world that most other countries do not have,” he adds.

However, there has been a softening in domestic travel across segments. ATIA is forecasting Australian holiday travel will continue to decrease as people pull back and prioritise other travel which they need to do for family connections and also for the “once-in-a-lifetime trips”.

There has also been a tempering of travel plans among the middle Australia that does have home loans. While there are signs of a spending pullback, this hasn’t been significant because prices have also started to come off.

“In the last couple of months, we’ve seen a 3% decrease across all agency sales in terms of all selected routes on the cost of airfares. Economy has got sharper discounting than the business class, but those discounts are well and truly in the market now,” Long said.

Travel agents expect ticket prices to flatline globally, but most aren’t expecting any significant decrease in airfares. From an Australian perspective, there is still scope for some increases in capacity which would cap price increases, but again, any major drop is unlikely.

According to ATIA, there has been gradual price deflation in the cost of tickets. Ticket prices were down 2.5% in November and a further 3.5% in December. Long says we’re seeing a progressive and gradual coming off from some of the peaks, with prices are now down about 20% from their highs after the economy reopened.

“We are still above pre-pandemic levels of what the cost of an airfare was, but no longer are consumers willing to take unreasonably high airfares. People definitely shop around now,” he said.

While lower prices are being driven by an increase of routes and capacity to pre-pandemic levels, one logistical constraint has been the lower number of seats available because airlines are now flying smaller aircraft to and from Australia. That means less of the larger A380s and 747s and more A350s and 777s, which is particularly evident on the North American routes.

Long explains that a number of airlines decreased or removed four-engine aircraft from their fleets during the pandemic in favour of more fuel-efficient options. Airlines are also looking to create single-hop destinations for Australia, such as Project Sunrise for Qantas, and it is easier to fill 50-100 seats compared to the larger aircraft that used to fly previously.

“We’ve had shifts post-pandemic in the way that airlines view the importance of having a robust connectivity and routes to pick from. They now want to make sure they are profitable at a route level, not just at an overall network level,” he said.

Despite this, air travel numbers continue to climb globally. The International Air Transport Association (IATA), which represents the world’s biggest airlines, is forecasting record revenue growth and even higher profits in 2024. The global airline industry expects to record a net profit of $US23.3 billion for 2023, double the amount forecast. IATA expects 4.7 billion people to travel in 2024, exceeding the pre-pandemic record of 4.5 billion travellers in 2019.

In Australia, the trend has been similar. According to ATIA figures, there were $1.4 billion of air sales in October 2023, $1.4 billion in November and $1.7 billion in December, a 9% increase over the same month of the previous year.

“We’re still seeing a really high level of demand for international travel. We’re still not seeing any softening, from the discussions I’ve had with my members,” Long says.

“There will be some challenges, but overall, I think the fact is Australians just love to travel and we travel regardless.”

ATIA’s Long expects a bumper year for cruise operators given the strong demand from Australians looking to take advantage of great value and the variety of routes on offer. For holiday travel, he expects hot demand for destinations with direct connectivity. Here are his top international picks for 2024:

  • Bali has been an overwhelming favourite among Australians for decades. Demand this year is expected to continue to grow strongly, above pre-pandemic levels.
  • Japan. Australians travelling to Japan is already up 26% over the levels prior to the pandemic. That trend is likely to continue over the year given that the country is viewed as a safe and stable destination, has good connectivity across all major cities and a softer Yen works favourably for foreign visitors.
  • South Korea hasn’t been among the top 10 destinations, but Long expects to see a lot more Australians travelling to the country because a number of tour operators are showcasing trips targeted at younger Australian tourists. Airfares remain quite affordable and the Korean cultural phenomenon, evident in our most-watched TVs and movies, is likely to boost demand.
  • Fiji. Australians’ love affair with Fiji has continued to grow, with passenger numbers already above 2019 levels. The country was among the first to take advantage of the travel bubbles during the pandemic. While it is relatively expensive, it has succeeded in attracting a certain cohort of tourists to meet the standards of their hotels and their attractions.

How big is travel for Australia?

The tourism sector accounts for 2.5% to 3% of Australia’s economy. Tourism gross domestic product (GDP) jumped 60.1% in the financial year to June 2023 to touch $57.1 billion, ABS data shows. The sector also accounted for nearly 660,000 jobs at the end of September 2023.

What is the top destination for Australians?

New Zealand continues to be the top destination country for Australians, with nearly 1.2 million visits in the financial year to June 2023. Indonesia was the second-most visited country with 1.13 million visits.

How much do Australians travel?

A lot. According to the Australian Travel Industry Association, there were 9.7 million outbound passengers in the calendar year 2023. In terms of air travel, nearly 19 million air tickets were issued in 2023, up from roughly 17 million the year earlier.

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Prashant Mehra is a freelance journalist based in Sydney. He has more than 20 years of international experience covering financial news, including with Reuters and the Australian Associated Press (AAP). He writes about business, markets, the economy and investing.

Baby Center Australia

What to know about traveling internationally with a baby

T here's no doubt that babies can complicate travel plans. (There's a reason parents call it a trip, not a vacation!) Still, plenty of people travel outside of the U.S. with their infants. Some have family and friends they want to visit, while others figure it's easier to travel to far-flung destinations with a baby (who still sleeps 16 hours a day) than with a toddler (who wants to spend the flight walking up and down the aisle).

Whatever your reason, your trip will go more smoothly if you make a few preparations before booking your tickets and boarding your flight. Here's what you need to know about traveling internationally with an infant.

Requirements for traveling internationally with an infant

As you're planning your trip, take care of these must-dos:

Check travel advisories

Before booking, check the  U.S. Department of State's website for international travel advisories. You can also look at travel health advisories for your destination at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's website as well as information on required vaccinations by country. Although most countries have lifted COVID-related restrictions, you can quickly check requirements for international travelers on the United Nations' Destination Tracker .

Talk to your baby's doctor

The American Academy of Pediatrics advises talking to your pediatrician before flying with a baby . Some doctors recommend delaying unessential travel for the first few weeks after birth (sometimes until babies are at least until 2 to 3 months old ). Babies are prone to catching infections – especially those who were born prematurely or have certain health conditions.

Once they clear your baby for travel, your pediatrician can verify that your baby is up to date on vaccinations, recommend preventative medications to pack, and determine whether your baby requires any additional immunizations. If your destination is experiencing measles outbreaks, for example, your doctor may adjust your baby's MMR vaccine schedule.

Depending on where you're traveling, your doctor may recommend – and some countries require – vaccinations for other infectious diseases (such as yellow fever or rabies) that aren't part of the standard childhood vaccine schedule. Book your appointment at least four to six weeks in advance of your trip, because it can take time to build up immunity after a vaccination.

Make sure your baby has a passport

For international travel, your baby needs a passport . Make two copies of each family member's passport, and leave one copy with a trusted friend or relative. 

If you're traveling as a solo parent, consider bringing documentation proving you're a legal guardian – as well as letter of consent (preferably notarized) from the other custodial parent saying "I acknowledge that my son/daughter is traveling outside the country with [the name of the adult] with my permission." If you have sole custody of your child, you might want to bring a copy of the custody agreement. 

12 tips for international travel with an infant

Consider travel insurance. Travel insurance ensures that you're not out of luck if, say, your baby gets an ear infection the day before you're scheduled to fly. (Keep in mind that your credit card may already offer travel insurance.)

Bring your baby's car seat. Though babies and toddlers under age 2 are allowed to fly free (or at a discount) sitting on your lap , it's safest if you buy an airplane seat for your baby. That way you'll be able to use your car seat on the plane , as long as it's approved for aircraft as well as motor vehicles. (It likely is – just check for a sticker on the car seat confirming this.) What's more, your car seat will come in handy at your destination – or at least on the car trips to and from the airport.

Request a bassinet. If you're on a long-haul flight, and especially if you forgo buying a seat for your baby, consider reserving a baby bassinet. Most airlines offer free portable baby bassinets that attach to the bulkhead for longer international flights. These beds, which generally accommodate babies up to 20 pounds and 26 inches long, allow your baby to snooze during the flight. There are usually only a couple of bassinets available per flight – so be sure to call early, ideally when you book your tickets, to request one. 

Bring the basics. Depending on where you're traveling with your baby or toddler , you may not find your usual brand of formula, diapers, or baby food – although you'll usually identify a decent equivalent. At the very least, be sure to bring a two- to three-day supply of these products in your checked baggage, so you aren't pressed to find a pharmacy as soon as you arrive. If you're really attached to specific products, pack enough for your full trip, plus a couple days' worth of spares. (Here's what else to put on your baby packing list .)

Don't forget adaptors. You don't want to scramble to find a store that sells adaptors for your breast pump or sound machine when you're scheduled to be at the beach. Throughout Europe and in many countries worldwide, power outlets and voltage are different from the U.S. Be sure to check the requirements at your destination, and buy a few appropriate adaptors before you leave.

  • Pack a change of clothes. Having a couple of full-body changes of clothes in your carry-on bag, including socks, is essential. There's a good chance you'll have to deal with at least one leaky diaper or major spit-up on a long-haul flight .

Stock your carry-on. Besides a change of clothes, pack all of the essentials you'll need for the duration of your flight – bottles, formula, pacifiers, diapers, wipes, baby food – plus a few spares for potential delays. Think of it like your usual  diaper bag on steroids. Airports in the U.S. allow you to carry on liquids (such as water, pumped breast milk, and baby food) that surpass the usual 3.4-ounce limit, but be prepared to remove them from your bag when you go through the security checkpoint. For your return trip, you'll need to verify whether there are liquid limits in the country you're visiting.

Bring a carrier. A baby carrier is extra convenient for infant travel, especially when you're boarding your flight and when you're trying to help your baby fall asleep.

Pack sleep essentials. Sleep can be tricky when you're traveling with a baby. As much as possible, try to stick to the bedtime routine you follow at home. Pack anything your baby relies on to sleep, such as a sleep slack , night light, or sound machine. And while many hotels and rental apartments have play yards available, check beforehand to make sure your baby will have someplace safe to sleep.

Prep for jet lag. It may be worth gently adjusting your baby's sleep schedule before your trip, especially if you're traveling to a different time zone. Starting a few days before you leave, begin moving your baby's bedtime 15 minutes earlier or later every night to closer match your destination. (This trick can help you with jet lag, too!) Moving your baby's bedtime by even one hour before you travel can make a difference. When you arrive, try to stick to your baby's usual nap, meal, and bedtime schedule, adjusted for the local time zone, right away. Here are more tips for handling time changes with a baby .

Dress your baby in layers. Airplanes are usually chilly, but it's hard to predict just how cold. Dress your baby warmly in layers that you can remove or add if it's warmer or cooler than expected.

Leave yourself lots of time. Like most tasks, traveling with children takes a lot longer than traveling solo. The Transportation and Security Administration (TSA) recommends arriving three hours early for international flights, but you may want to get to the airport even earlier. That way you won't panic if, say, your baby has a massive diaper explosion on the car ride to the airport. Arriving extra early also helps ensure you can secure that baby bassinet you reserved when you booked your flight.

What to know about traveling internationally with a baby

Department of Agriculture

Live updates: MV Bahijah livestock vessel

  • Live animal exports

Update 8 February 2024

On 5 February 2024, the department refused a Notice of Intention to export given by the exporter in relation to a consignment of sheep and cattle onboard MV Bahijah.

Following this decision, the exporter is working to offload all livestock from the vessel.

The department is engaging actively with the exporter, as well as relevant Western Australia government agencies, in relation to the arrangements that will be needed to support this.

Any offloading of livestock will be undertaken under strict biosecurity protocols and with regard to animal welfare.

The department will continue to support the exporter as they consider options for the livestock once they have been unloaded.

Update 5 February 2024

The application submitted on 26 January 2024 for the re-export of livestock onboard the MV Bahijah to Israel via the Cape of Good Hope has not been approved by my department.

The departmental regulator was unable to be satisfied, in accordance with subsection 8-6(3) of the Export Control (Animals) Rules 2021 ( Rules ), that:

  • the requirements of the Export Control Act 2020 ( Act ) in relation to the export of livestock have been complied with, or will be complied with before the livestock are imported into the importing country, and
  • the importing country requirements relating to the livestock have been met, or will be met before the livestock are imported into the importing country, and
  • the arrangements for the transport of the livestock to their final overseas destination are appropriate to ensure their health and welfare.

In making this decision the regulator has considered all relevant information from a variety of sources. This decision-making required thorough and detailed engagement with the legislative scheme and consideration of all available evidence and submissions, in real time as this complex situation evolved.

The department will publish more information on the reasons for the decision as soon as practicable.

Separately, and in response to next steps, the department is continuing to work with relevant stakeholders to manage the health and welfare of the livestock and uphold Australia’s biosecurity.

Throughout this whole process, Australia’s biosecurity, and the health and welfare of the animals onboard, have remained the Department’s highest priorities.

Applications to export live animals undergo complex assessments that balance Australian biosecurity, export legislation, animal welfare considerations and the requirements of our international trading partners.

The livestock on the vessel continue to be in good health and they remain under veterinary care and supervision. There is no suspicion of exotic pests or diseases within the livestock. The next steps for the livestock onboard the vessel are commercial decisions for the exporter to make. A range of options remain available to the exporter, and the department stands ready to assess any future application submitted by the exporter.

Now that the regulatory decision has been made, my department supports a resolution to this matter as quickly as possible and stands ready to respond to any further requests from the commercial exporter.

Secretary Adam Fennessy’s address to media 2pm, 4 February 2024: MV Bahijah

4 February 2024, 4:00pm

Good afternoon everyone, thank you for coming.

I’ve invited you here today to give you an update on the welfare of the livestock on board the MV Bahijah that is currently off the coast of Fremantle, Western Australia. I will update you on those animals that disembarked the vessel on Friday, and I will invite any additional questions from you on the issue.

I am pleased to advise that daily reports from the veterinarian on board the vessel continue to indicate there are no significant health or welfare concerns with the livestock that remain on board the vessel.

In respect of the livestock that were successfully discharged from the vessel on Friday night at the request of the exporter, these animals are being held under strict biosecurity controls at appropriate premises. Veterinarians visited the livestock yesterday and the Australian Chief Veterinary Officer, Dr Beth Cookson, is in regular contact with the Western Australian Chief Veterinary Officer in respect of the livestock.

At this time no final decision has been made by my department officials with respect to the livestock on the MV Bahijah. The department continues to assess the application to re-export the livestock provided by the exporter as a matter of priority. I want to emphasise that my department makes decisions on the basis of the application of the commercial exporter, taking into account all legislative requirements and relevant information.

We understand the strong interest in the issue – both from a biosecurity and from an animal health and welfare perspective. My department must make complex decisions for this unique situation that balance export legislation, biosecurity requirements, animal welfare considerations and the requirements of our international trading partners.

Right now, the ship is currently off the West Australian coast and is undertaking some routine cleaning. It is adequately provisioned for the livestock on board.

We have been asked about why the decision is taking so long?

The legislation that our department is responsible for is very clear as to what the decision maker must consider and the process by which it must be considered.

The legislation sets out what the decision-maker must consider and be satisfied of in order to approve an application for export, including:

  • The legislative requirements have been met, including those in the Export Control Act and Animals Rules.
  • That importing country requirements have been or will be met before the livestock are imported into the importing country, for example, if an import permit is required and has or will be been obtained.
  • Arrangements for the voyage are appropriate to ensure the health and welfare of the livestock.

The process for making the decision requires the decision-maker to:

  • Carefully consider all relevant information to the decision, which can involve substantial amounts of information from a variety of sources and must be updated as circumstances change, especially information submitted to us by the commercial exporter.
  • Provide the commercial exporter with procedural fairness, including giving the exporter time to consider and respond to certain types of information.
  • Ensure that the department’s decision maker has satisfied any procedural and other requirements in the legislation in order to make a lawful decision, such as providing a notice of decision in writing.

There’s been a report that the animals that have been unloaded will be processed in Victoria – is this correct?

No, we have no information to support that proposition at this time. Any movement of the animals on Australian soil will be subject to appropriate biosecurity requirements to safeguard Australia’s biosecurity.

Update 3 February 2024

3 February 2024, 7:00 pm

Today, as a further measure for the comfort of the livestock onboard, and to maintain high levels of animal welfare, the vessel has left port. This will enable routine cleaning which include replacing the livestock bedding.

The exporter’s registered veterinarian remains on board the vessel and will continue to report back to the department daily on the health and welfare of the livestock.

The department continues to assess the application to re-export the livestock provided by the exporter. Once the decision has been made the department will issue a public statement with the outcome as soon as possible.*

Further information will be published as it becomes available.

General enquiries to the department can be made on 1800 900 090.

*Further update

3 February 2024, 2:00 pm

Last night, several hundred head of healthy cattle were successfully unloaded from the MV Bahijah at the request of the exporter.

Department officials were present to ensure all biosecurity protocols were met. The cattle appear healthy and well.

The cattle have been moved to appropriate premises where they are quarantining safely. There were no animal welfare issues associated with this unloading.

This action is separate to the potential re-export of the remaining animals on the vessel. The department’s decision maker is still considering the application.

Update 2 February 2024

2 February 2024, 10:00 pm

The exporter has requested permission to unload several hundred healthy cattle from the MV Bahijah.

The department has agreed for the animals to be unloaded under strict biosecurity measures.

This action is unrelated to the potential re-export of the remaining animals on the vessel. The department’s decision maker is still considering the application.

Secretary Adam Fennessy’s address to media 3pm, 2 February 2024: MV Bahijah

2 February 2024, 4:25 pm

Good afternoon everyone, thank you for coming. I am Adam Fennessy, Secretary of the Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry.

I recognise the strong public interest in this issue, and I’d like to reassure everyone that we are working towards a resolution as quickly as possible.

There should be no doubt that Australia’s biosecurity and the health and welfare of the livestock onboard are our highest priorities.

After standing offshore yesterday evening and replacing the animal bedding, the vessel has returned to port and is berthed in Fremantle.

The vessel is taking on further provisions today, including additional fodder and fuel.

The exporter’s registered veterinarian remains on board and continues to report daily on the health and welfare of the livestock.

My department continues to assess the application to re-export the livestock provided by the exporter.

I’d like to provide some information on the process. The decision maker has an obligation to consider all relevant information, from a range of sources, on complex issues relating to:

  • export legislation
  • animal welfare considerations and
  • the requirements of our international trading partners.

It is a complex process, and this is a unique situation.

We are doing everything we can to resolve the situation and we will continue to release information and respond to inquiries until that time.

Update 1 February 2024

1 February 2024, 7.30pm AEDT

The department continues to work closely with the exporter to determine the next steps for the animals on board the MV Bahijah and reach a resolution as quickly as possible.

Australia’s biosecurity, and the health and welfare of the animals onboard, are our highest priorities.

Today, the vessel resupplied essential provisions.

As a further measure to improve the comfort of the livestock onboard, and maintain high levels of animal welfare, the vessel is going through routine cleaning this evening.

The vessel has left port to stand offshore while it performs routine cleaning* and replacing the animal bedding.

The department continues to assess the application to re-export the livestock provided by the exporter.

These are complex assessments that must balance Australian biosecurity, export legislation, animal welfare considerations and the requirements of our international trading partners.

Quotes attributable to Australia’s Chief Veterinary Officer, Dr Beth Cookson:

“It was good to see that the MV Bahijah was able to resupply essential provisions today. This is an appropriate and prudent measure to continue to maintain the welfare standard for the livestock onboard,” Dr Cookson said.

“It is also good practice that the vessel continues to perform its routine cleaning, as it is this evening, to wash decks and provide dry and insulating bedding material for the animals.”

*Correction: The information has been rectified for accuracy. We apologise for any inconvenience caused.

Update, 1 February 2024

1 February 2024, 12:30pm AEDT

The department continues to work closely with the exporter to determine the next steps for the livestock on board the MV Bahijah and reach a resolution as quickly as possible.

On 31 January, two veterinarians engaged by the Department boarded the vessel to provide additional assurance on the health and welfare of the livestock on board.

The report from those veterinarians indicates no signs of significant health, welfare or environmental condition concerns with the livestock on board, consistent with all reports received to date.

The exporter’s registered veterinarian also remains on board the vessel and continues to report back to the department daily.

Contrary to some public reports, no livestock are required to be offloaded for health reasons.

The MV Bahijah berthed at Fremantle Port on 1 February and is currently being replenished with supplies to ensure the ongoing health and welfare of the livestock is upheld. No animals are currently being unloaded.

The department continues to assess the application to re-export the livestock provided by the exporter as a matter of priority.

Further updates will be provided as they become available.

“The two veterinarians engaged by the Department inspected the livestock late yesterday,” Dr Cookson said.

“While I have only seen a preliminary report, there were no significant animal health or welfare issues identified.

“That provides additional confidence that the livestock are in good condition and have appropriate care and supervision.

“It also confirmed that there were no signs of exotic disease present in the livestock on board the vessel.

“Engagement with stakeholders has been very constructive to date and we would like to thank all parties for their ongoing efforts and collaboration.”

Update, 31 January 2024

31 January 2024, 9:00pm AEDT

Australia’s biosecurity, and the health and welfare of the livestock onboard, are our highest priorities.

The department met with the Inspector-General of Live Animal Exports* and other relevant entities to provide an update on the situation today.

The latest reports from the veterinarian on board the vessel suggest the livestock remain in good health and there is no evidence of any significant health, welfare or environmental concerns.

Two independent veterinarians today visited the vessel to inspect the livestock and facilities. The department will review their findings and consider next steps.

Further information will be published as decisions are reached.

“People can have confidence we are focussed on achieving an optimal outcome for the health and wellbeing of the livestock on board, while at the same time preserving Australia’s pristine biosecurity status,” Dr Cookson said.

“There is an intensive effort occurring across a range of expert and regulatory areas within the Australian Government Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry.

“Those involved in Government and industry are very conscious of the need to move quickly while working through these arrangements.

“The exporter’s registered veterinarian is on board the vessel and is recording details of the health and welfare of the livestock. While we have found those reports are encouraging, the department has also engaged veterinarians to travel to the vessel and review conditions on board for additional due diligence.”

* Correction: In a previous version of this update there was an error in the attribution of an individual's title. The information has been rectified for accuracy. We apologise for any inconvenience caused.

31 January 2024, 11:00am AEDT

The department is working closely with the exporter, the live export industry, and state and federal government agencies to ensure the return to Australia of the MV Bahijah vessel is managed with the highest standards of biosecurity and animal welfare maintained.

The exporter’s registered veterinarian on board the vessel is recording details of the health and welfare of the livestock each day and this information is being provided to the department.

All reports to date indicate that there are no signs of any significant health or welfare concerns with the livestock on board.

The department is currently assessing the feasibility of an additional independent veterinarian attending the vessel to provide further assurance.

This morning, the exporter provided supporting information to the department to support their application to unload some animals in Australia prior to re-exporting the remaining animals on board the vessel.

The department is assessing this application as a priority, including working closely with our trading partners to ensure any decision to re-export the animals would be supported by the intended market.

These are high quality Australian animals; however, they would be subject to strict biosecurity controls while in Australia.

Ultimately, all plans are commercial decisions for the exporter that must be assessed by the department as the regulator.

These are complex decisions that must balance Australian biosecurity, export legislation, animal welfare considerations and the requirements of our international trading partners.

Update, 29 January 2024

29 January 2024, 3:58pm AEDT

After considering information provided by the exporter, a decision was made on 19 January 2024 to direct the consignment of livestock on board the MV Bahijah be immediately returned to Australia*.

This was in recognition of the exceptional circumstances and taking into account animal welfare considerations.

The department has been working closely with the exporter to determine next steps for the consignment once it returned to Australian waters.

Protecting Australia’s strong biosecurity system and the welfare of the livestock on board remain the department’s top priorities.

The department has been working with the exporter to determine the options available to them, consistent with legislative and regulatory responsibilities and taking into account the unique circumstances of the vessel.

It is not appropriate for the department to comment publicly on these assessments until they are completed.

Update, 20 January 2024

20 January 2024, 3.00pm AEDT

To ensure the health and welfare of the livestock on the MV Bahijah, the department directed the exporter that the consignment be immediately returned to Australia.

In making this decision the department considered the biosecurity risks associated with the livestock and the vessel and has not identified any basis on which these could not be managed within Australian territory.

The welfare of the livestock and protecting Australia’s biosecurity remain the department’s top priorities.

MV Bahijah livestock export to the Middle East

19 January 2024, 4:51pm AEDT

The Australian Government is closely monitoring the passage of a live export vessel that was destined for the Middle East but which has diverted from the Red Sea.

The health and welfare of the animals onboard remains a top priority.

The MV Bahijah loaded cattle and sheep in Fremantle, Western Australia and departed for the Middle East on 5 January 2024.

At the time of departure on 5 January, the Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry was satisfied that the arrangements for the transport of the livestock were appropriate to ensure their health and welfare.

As a condition of departure, the exporter was required to lodge contingency arrangements should the vessel not be able to reach the proposed destination in the Middle East.

The exporter also loaded additional fodder and veterinary supplies above those required by Australian Standards for the Export of Livestock for the proposed voyage.

A registered veterinarian and an accredited stockperson are on board the vessel, accompanying the consignment to attend to the health and welfare of the livestock.

Under the Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS) Convention and the International Safety Management Code, the Master of the vessel has overriding authority and responsibility to make decisions with respect to the safety of the vessel.

The vessel has diverted away from the Red Sea due to the worsening security situation.

A range of contingency options remain open to the exporter, which will be reviewed by the department as they are submitted.

The department is monitoring the consignment closely and no significant animal health or welfare concerns have been reported at this time.

The department will continue to consider future consignments on a case by case basis.

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